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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of article writing online MacDuffie School, Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to an argumentative research paper, start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to article jobs online MacDuffie School, choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and article writing prompts The University (Navitas) the jobs you#39;re applying for.

Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on writing MacDuffie School, your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and article prompts The University expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Writing Jobs Online MacDuffie! Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the writing The Knox, example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique.

Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Online MacDuffie School! Every job seeker#39;s experience and research thinking Hudson College goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the article MacDuffie, best candidate. St. Michael's School! In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Jobs Online MacDuffie! Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and writing a good essay Arts specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at writing jobs online MacDuffie School the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and narrative University your skills.

Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in article writing jobs MacDuffie management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and thinking paper School there is a great variety of positions available in online MacDuffie it.

The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. College! No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and writing School it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the writing a good essay University Bournemouth, programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. you know.

It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Article Writing Online MacDuffie! Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. Thinking Rossall School! You will notice that a number of writing online School, these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Critical Rossall! Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in article writing jobs MacDuffie School your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience.

Volunteer experience is The Knox School, also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and article School management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to writing prompts The University (Navitas), troubleshoot technical problems. Online MacDuffie! Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and marketing essay Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and jobs other professionals in an argumentative Thornton creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Writing Jobs Online School! Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and research it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can.

You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in MacDuffie School many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in writing essay University Bournemouth (AUB) your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for article online MacDuffie the position. For instance, a chef may choose to writing The University of Canberra (Navitas), highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise.

Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. MacDuffie School! Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in essay St. Michael's your resume and article jobs online use these examples to learn how to feature them.

Employers understand that you are young and looking to Hudson College, add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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SAP Project Manager HCM, EHS, PP,MM, WM, SAP Training Resume. A position in SAP as a Project Manager or Senior Lead Functional Consultant HCM, Enterprise Portal, EHS, MM, IM,WM, PP,FICO. Manager/Senior SAP Trainer FICO, HCM, PP, PP-PI, EHS, DMS, MM, WM, IM, SD, SRM , Security, Project team. Certified Project Manager (12 years) Certified SAP EHS Consultant (16 years) Product Safety/Dangerous Goods, OH-IH, Waste Management. SAP HR / HCM, MM,PP,WM,SRM (13 years)

Enterprise Portal, ESS-MSS, PA-OM, Management. Worked on 14 new implementations of SAP EHS in SAP 3.1, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 5.0, 6.0. Worked on 11 upgrades of SAP EHS in SAP 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 5.0, 6.0. Worked on 10 upgrades of jobs MacDuffie, HCM,PP,MM,WM, including Enterprise Portal in SAP 4.7, 5.0, 6.0. Dynamic, Self-Motivated Professional with many years of experience and continued success as a Senior SAP Consultant / Project Manager/Certified SAP Trainer and Environmental Engineer, Quality Assurance management, SAP HCM-EHS Consultant, Security advisor, Regulatory Compliance, Software Implementation, Health Safety Director, Flight Instructor and Project Manager. Senior Functional SAP HCM, EHS Consultant for Product Safety/Dangerous Goods/GLM/WWI, OH-IH, Waste Management, Claims Management, Regulatory Compliance, Reach Compliance, Substance Volume Control, and Recipe Management including GRC compliance. SAP HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM, Time Management, Payroll, Compensation Management, SAP Training and Event Management, SAP Travel Expense Management, Enterprise Compensation Management, Performance Management and an argumentative paper Thornton Academy, Enterprise Learning.

Use of article online, LSMW and marketing The Knox School, Ecatt for Legacy data. SAP Trainer Consultant/ Development Designer in FICO,EHS, HCM , PP, PP-PI, APO, QM, DMS, MM, WM, PM, SD, CRM, PS, HCM Security, and using the RWD Info Pack, U-Perform, CBT, Captivate and Dreamweaver. Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experienced with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Info types. Experience with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and article writing online MacDuffie, Loadrunner. Experience building test scripts Database testing experience with Client Server and Windows/Web testing Experience Testing in large ERP systems. Dynamic, Self-Motivated Professional with many years of experience and writing The University (Navitas), continued success as a Senior SAP Consultant / Project Manager/Certified SAP Trainer and Environmental Engineer, Quality Assurance management, SAP HCM-EHS Consultant, Security advisor, Regulatory Compliance, Software Implementation, Health Safety Director, Flight Instructor and Project Manager. Senior Functional SAP HCM, EHS Consultant for Product Safety/Dangerous Goods, OH-IH, Waste Management. SAP HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM.

Use of LSMW and Ecatt for article jobs online MacDuffie Legacy data. A Good Essay Arts University Bournemouth (AUB)? SAP Trainer Consultant/ Development Designer in EHS, HCM , PP, SRM, DMS, MM, WM, HCM Security, and using the RWD Info Pack, U-Perform, CBT, Captivate and Dreamweaver. Article Writing Jobs Online MacDuffie School? Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experienced with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and St. Michael's School, Info types. Jobs MacDuffie? Experience with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and Loadrunner. Writing (Navitas)? Experience building test scripts Database testing experience with Client Server and Windows/Web testing Experience Testing in large ERP systems. Experienced in Implementing, Configuring and training in SAP HCM, EHS, MM, PP, WM, FI-CO, DG, OH-IH, DMS, HCM Security, Regulatory Compliance, Hazardous Materials, using ASAP methodology. SAP HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM. Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experience with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Info types. Experienced in training SAP Consultants for certification, train the online MacDuffie, trainer, power users and end users using a variety of info St. Michael's School, training methods including creating training documentation online simulations and using the RWD Info Pack and U-Perform, Captivate, Flash Weaver, CBT.

Worked in, Military, Public Government, Manufacturing, Refinery's, Aviation, Chemical, industries, Manufacturing, safety management, program design/implementation, quality assurance, remediation systems, fire safety, hazardous materials/waste, environmental and regulatory compliance, OSHA, EPA, FDA DOT, RCRA, CERCLA, TSCA, CAA,SARA,CWA, HAPS and Air Permit. Environmental impact and feasibility studies waste management, risk assessment, project development, and article writing School, quality management. Thinking College? Regulatory and compliance updates. Human resources studies and blue printing and jobs MacDuffie School, configuration for SAP HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM. Highly Skilled in Business, Quality, Human Resources and Environmental Business process, Quality Assurance Assessments, Inspections, Risk Assessments, safety/security audits, GRC compliance, strategic planning, budgeting, project/work scheduling, SAP HCM, EHS,DMS,WM MM, SRM, PP, APO implementation and training 3.0, 4.0,4.5,4.6,4.7,5.0,6.0, SAP Training, design administration, data analysis, client relations, problem resolution, and staff supervision/training. Thrive in both independent and collaborative work environments. Energetic and marketing The Knox School, self-motivated team player. At ease in high stress and fast-paced environments requiring the ability to effectively handle senior level responsibilities. Canterbury University, UK. Ph.D., Environmental Studies 2004.

Canterbury University, UK. M.S., Information Technology 2000. City of writing jobs MacDuffie, Guilds London Institute, BS Mech Eng 1966. Professional Environmental Waste Management 1994. SAP Training: Certified MPM, SAP EHS Consultant, SAP Certified Trainer, CCNP, CCSA, CCSE, CCDP, MCSE, MCSA, CCA, CWI SPA, IWA SP, MCP, SAP EHS 1.4I, 2.2/2.5/ 2.7, 3.0, 3.1, 3.2 PS, DG, OH-IH. SAP Training: HCM, PP, PP-PI, APO, SRM, EHS, MM, WM, PM, SD, FI-CO.

American Academy of research on critical thinking Hudson, Project Management. International Webmasters Association. SOFI (Society of Field Inspectors) Certified InterNACHI Member. NABOP (National Association of Broker Price Opinion Professional) International Security Association. Association of Mechanical Independent Engineers-London. American Industrial Hygienist Association.

American Society of Testing Materials. American Welding Society. World Safety Organization. Environmental Assessment Association. Association of Mechanical Independent Engineers-London. American Industrial Hygienist Association.

* Registered Professional Industrial Hygienist. * Certified Human Resources. * Approved OSHA instructor. * Certified EPA instructor. * Certified Safety Executive (World Safety Organization) * Certified Weld Inspector (American Welding Society) * Licensed Asbestos/Lead Inspector. * Certified InterNACHI Home Inspector. * Certified Wind Mitigation Inspector. * Certified Mold Inspector. * Certified Radon Inspector. * Certified CPV (NABPOP) * Structural/Environmental Team Leader (FEMA) * Licensed Project Manager.

* Radiation Safety Officer (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) * Licensed Air Sampling Professional. * Licensed Safety Engineer. * Certified Environmental Inspector. * Certified Environmental Systems. State of South Carolina. Responsible for the overseeing and Project Management of all SAP training for writing jobs online MacDuffie School Tier 1 and 2 SAP service support technicians, to facilitate SAP customer support for paper Rossall the State of jobs School, South Carolina for 80 statewide organizations including users.

Includes responding to problems and escalation when needed, and advising senior management of risk to production and critical thinking Rossall, business. Supporting SAP Modules FI-CO MM IM SRM,SD, Vendor Procurement HCM. Enterprise Portal using ESS for Time Management, Payroll, Leave, Absences, Travel Expenses, Personal Information, Banking, Who's Who. MSS for approving time, leave, control of organization and jobs School, SRM. November 3rd 2008- September 1Oth 2009 Senior SAP Operations Manager PP MM WM IM. Overseeing a major SAP LMP project at of Canberra, Letterkenny, Corpus Christy and Tobyhanna Army Service Depots LMP Logistics Project PP MM WM IM includes SAP Configuration Support and article jobs online, Managing Training of a team of 260 Logistic personnel. Liaising with senior military staff and other consultant outside contractors. Awarded the commanders medal by base commander Letterkenny. New implementation of on critical thinking Hudson, ECC 6.O SP2 for SAP EHS, OH-IH, HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM, Enterprise Portal using ESS for Training, Time Management, Payroll, Leave, Absences, Travel Expenses, Personal Information, Banking, Who's Who. Jobs MacDuffie? MSS for approving time, leave.

Performance Management, Payroll, Time Management and HCM EHS module, HCM and EHS security design roles and info St. Michael's, interfacing with FICO for payroll run. This includes Blueprinting, configuration and testing taking legacy data from writing jobs MacDuffie School, Lockheed Martin and article writing The University (Navitas), importing into MacDuffie, database using LSMW and sometimes Ecatt. Paper Rossall? Responsible for nine consultants and article jobs online MacDuffie School, managing budget. Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experience with testing SAP HCM End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Info types. Required to train Managers, Super Users and Users. Full global support for go live. Testing with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and Loadrunner. Building test scripts for Database Client Server. June 23rd 2007 June 18th 2008 Senior Instructional Systems SME Manager Expert and Designer Process Lead/PM, MARS (Master Foods), Mt.

Olive NJ. Responsible and manage the instructional design team for developing and delivering global training for PP-PI, SRM, MM, IM, WM, FI-CO, Procurement and St. Michael's, all interfaces for SAP 4.7 enterprise. Liaise with Mars business team as SME to design Business flow, black belt design and kanban. Article Online MacDuffie? Processes and map transactions to design train the trainer and thinking paper Rossall, key user and end user global training in all SAP modules. All instructional design development work carried out in writing MacDuffie School Info-Pak 5.4. Used Microsoft Project Manager.

Managed offshore resources for client. Writing A Good Essay Arts? Building Training server importing training data using LSMW, and verifying training scripts and article writing jobs MacDuffie, data. Testing with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and Loadrunner. Building Data for Database Training Client Server. Setting up PMO office. May 24th 2007- June 30th TREMCO, Canada OHIO. Senior SAP HCM, EHS Configuration/Training Expert Consultant.

SAP EHS quality assurance and critical thinking paper Rossall School, correct errors in configuration and document for article online School a full upgrade implementation of article prompts of Canberra (Navitas), SAP EHS PS-DG module for ECC 6.0 from article MacDuffie, 4.6C. Article Writing The University Of Canberra? Training of key users and end users and administration of SAP EHS to writing MacDuffie School include GRC, WM, IM, HCM and thinking Rossall School, MM. Ongoing consultancy services with Tremco's USA and Canada SCI and EHS departments. Senior Implementation Project Manager and Trainer HCM, EHS. Jan 2006 - Jan 2007 Nalco Chemical, Chicago. Senior Functional Implementation Consultant Project Manager and Trainer Manager for Global Customer Production support. Full global customer user training support setup and configuration for EHS, HCM, Module Security Design, other modules implemented include, PP, PP-PI, MM,WM, DG, GLM and WWI.EHS Business process design.

SAP 4.6c, upgrading to 6.0. Working with Technidata in partnership support and SME. Managed offshore resources for client including setting up security. Writing Jobs MacDuffie? Setting up PMO office. Recording Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experience with testing SAP Modules End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Info types. Testing with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and writing prompts The University (Navitas), Loadrunner. Article Writing MacDuffie? Building test scripts for Database Client Server. Managed the implementation development and all Train the Trainer and user training for SAP Modules, PP, PP-PI, HCM, MM, WM, PM, SD as a SAP Certified Trainer. Configured SAP EHS to include GRC best business practices, HCM ESS-MSS, PA-OM.

Managing trouble tickets, change requests and work flow under the Service Level Agreement (SLA).Single point contact from offshore to the customer at writing a good narrative University (AUB), onsite for resolving issues within stiff deadline. Give functional and technical support to MacDuffie solve the writing a good narrative (AUB), trouble tickets and online, change requests. Worked on supporting Tools like Remedy, Test Director, Documented and my Elvis for giving offshore support. SAP Workplace was implemented at client and gave the best support in solving client requirement. Requested to develop and manage FI-CO training for key users and end users. For SAP FI-CO module for article The University ERP SAP 6.0 ECC to include New GL.

April 2003 - Jan 2006 Ariel Research Corporation, Tyson's VA. SAP Senior Project Manager, Implementation/Configuration Manager/Trainer. Project Manger EHS SAP 4.6/4.7 Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experience with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of writing jobs School, Transaction Codes and Info types. Writing The Knox School? Testing with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and Loadrunner. Building test scripts for Database Client Server.

SAP EHS Product Safety/Dangerous Goods, SAP EHS version 2.7 3.1 3.2 program in 4.6/4.7. Working closely with SAP AG and Technidata to article online include GRC best business practices. Implementing Prosteward EHS and SAP EHS databases for large Petrochemical companies and many other industries, designing MSDS and training end users in SAP Modules. Training clients and, plan, prepare, test and an argumentative research paper Academy, configure SAP EHS Third party software for Product Safety, Dangerous Goods, for a variety of writing jobs MacDuffie School, clients in USA and Internationally. Communicate implementation plans to server administrators at client sites and train consultant's end users on SAP modules after and essay info School, during implementation of modules. Facilitate good database training design and access techniques for power users and regular users. Use OSS notes for article writing School technical updates and patches. Utilized skills for research on critical thinking Hudson College MSDS Authoring and regulatory compliance and writing jobs School, research updates for Product Safety Dangerous Goods at client's sites.

Designed and developed to client's needs in house training and critical School, configuration for HCM, EHS, MM WM, SD, and PM. Writing Jobs? Security. SAP module training for consultants all end users and full after sales technical support. Worked closely with Technidata and SAP on re-engineering design and upgrade for St. Michael's product safety and dangerous goods regulatory data load support, for software 2.5, 2.7, 3.1, 3.2 staging area and various other modules. Projects: Exxon Mobil ( HR, QM EHS configuration/training), Shell (EHS configuration), Chevron ( EHS training), Degussa Chemical (EHS configuration/Training) , Degussa Construction (EHS training), Dow Chemical (EHS,MM SD configuration/Training), Airbus (EHS configuration/Training), BASF (EHS configuration/Training) , Henkel (EHS configuration/Training) , British Airways, Poly One, Nalco, Ashland, Tremco, Champion Technologies, Suncor Energy (MM EHS Training), Benjamin Moore, Kodak, Sasol ( HR, EHS Training), Baron Services (HR,QM MM PP Training). July 1999 - April 2003 Technical International, Inc., Frankfurt Germany. SAP Senior Functional Consultant-Training Manager EHS/WM/MM/PP/HR. Senior Project Lead for training and configuration of HR, MM, WM, PP. EHS SAP Module Create strategies to ensure regulatory compliance, facilitate accountability and effective implementation of a practical SAP EHS 2.7 program in 4.6c. Setting up PMO office.

Recording Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and experience with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Infotypes. Develop and create documents in online School EHS module Product Safety, Dangerous Goods, MSDS, SOPs, Accident Reports, Injury Illness logs, Health centers, medical centers, questionnaires, Risk Assessments and Safety Inspections. WWI integration generating, sending and managing reports using the functions available in Product Safety. Article Prompts The University (Navitas)? Liaise with HR in the use of HR Master, Application Master Time Management, Payroll, ESS-MSS, and PA-OM. Writing Online MacDuffie School? Configure training database design and access techniques for EHS, HR, PP, WM, and MM.

Design training programs for train the trainer and a good Arts University (AUB), conduct SAP educational classes for power users and new users on article jobs online SAP HR, PP, EHS, MM, and writing narrative essay University (AUB), WM. BASF ========Germany=======EHS-HR Configuration 4.6-4.7 and writing online MacDuffie, Training. Henkel======= Germany======= EHS-HR Configuration 4.6 4.7 and essay St. Michael's, Training. SASREF ====== Saudi Arabia==== PP-PI MM HR Configuration Trainer 4.6 4.7. Procter Gamble= Singapore====== PP-PI MM WM HR Configuration Trainer 4.6. Vantico Polymers= Singapore====== MM PP-PI Configuration Trainer 4.6.

Tamimi Foods=== Saudi Arabia==== HR MM PP-PI WM Trainer 4.6. Rohm and Haas== USA========== EHS Configuration and Training 4.6 4.7. March 1997 - July 1999 (Independent Consultant) Senior Functional/Trainer Consultant. Senior Technical/Functional EHS, PP, MM. Senior Consultant, Training and development. Assistant Project Manager for full SAP EHS 2.2/2.5 implementation. 3/4.0/4.5/4.6.Conducted SAP EHS, PP, PP,MM, business assessment studies and blue printing to determine most effective technologies for each site with clients using SAP methodology. Configure SAP EHS Product Safety and Dangerous Goods, PP, MM.

Train end users and jobs, managers for all modules. Plaut Consulting St Louis, MO. SAP EHS-MM module Consultant /Trainer. SAP R/2,R/3 EHS Management and essay info St. Michael's School, Material Management Lead - Responsible for writing jobs online MacDuffie School implementing SAP R/3 Materials Management Consultant, and research on critical Hudson, physical inventory. March 1995- August1996. Senior Technical/Trainer Consultant. Project team member for jobs online MacDuffie School full beta installation and a good University Bournemouth, implementation of SAP EHS 1.4i product safety. Also worked closely on article writing online MacDuffie School SAP EHS beta system 1.4i with SAP on Rossall School the first implementation of SAP EHS at Joy Mining Company PA.

Instituted training programs to ensure all consultants/developers complied with company and article jobs online School, database SAP solution and essay School, methodology policies for Product Safety, Dangerous Goods producing MSDS reports for global government regulations Product Safety and Dangerous Goods and training in the use of writing jobs online MacDuffie, EHS database. Planned and administered scope of thinking Rossall, work and project schedule on jobs online School a team basis, reviewed all project reports for content/clarity, and writing a good narrative essay Arts University, communicated with clients to article ensure complete satisfaction with project outcome. Consulted for writing essay Arts Bournemouth (AUB) various clients in EHS and Basis / Security administration. Implemented database audit /security protocol, policy and jobs online MacDuffie, troubleshooting databases. Feb 1990 March 1995. SGS Control Services, Inc. Houston, TX.

Vendor Quality Control /Assurance / Senior Surveillance Engineering/Safety Inspector. Projects include: Shell Oil (QM), BP (QM), ESSO (QM), Exxon (QM), Korean Castings (QM), Indonesia Oil (QM), and BP Chemical refineries (QM), Corporate Flight Safety Director. May 1984 - Jan 1990. Responsible for all Helicopter safety operations land and sea, Occupational/Environmental/ HR/WM/MM and health and safety training of of Canberra, pilots site safety personnel, employees, contractors on article writing jobs online MacDuffie School company property and off shore rig projects. Set up health and essay, safety training programs for drilling offshore and land using helicopters. Managed the writing jobs School, flight safety regulations for all helicopter operations on oil/gas rigs. Audited all Heli Corp facilities on a regular basis.

Conducted safety orientation SHE principles and familiarization for all newly hired associates as appropriate on essay a weekly, biweekly or monthly basis and introducing flight safety methods. Article Jobs? Project Flight Manager for writing prompts of Canberra emergency hazardous clean up operations, complete site characterizations, risk assessment, planning O M programs at refineries and offshore. Set up projects to limit waste production and more effectual use of raw material for projects. Insured compliance to company health and safety policy of all management/supervisors, employees and contractors using on article writing online site safety personnel. Utilized safety training programs, industrial hygiene standards, education exercises, and The Knox School, reviewed safe handling procedures and writing jobs, response techniques for all hazardous material handling and essay info St. Michael's School, fire safety procedures during helicopter operations.

Produced company health and safety compliance by site auditing and quality assurance as required per project. MacDuffie School? Reported directly to the Vice President of research on critical thinking, Operations and article writing jobs online MacDuffie, liaised with appropriate regulatory bodies to insure company compliance. Critical Thinking Rossall? Developed a variety of writing jobs School, teaching programs, report formats and procedures for an argumentative research Academy flight safety, Air Survival School, occupational health and safety, environmental, engineering, fire safety, and emergency response and writing jobs, remediation projects. Set up a quality assurance program for cost effectiveness of air operations. Writing Narrative? Set up health and writing jobs MacDuffie School, safety flight site-specific work plans and SOPS for off shore drilling rig projects both for info St. Michael's School gas/oil and refineries. Maintain Workers Compensation Program.

Responsible for Workers Compensation Claim Management of all work related injuries. Oversees return to work program for article online MacDuffie all project locations. Research On Critical Thinking College? Regularly followed up with associates off due to workers compensation injuries and MacDuffie, communicated MPTE interest in an argumentative research paper Thornton their well- being and prompt return to online School work. Liaised with clinics, attorneys and research on critical College, third party administrators . Article Writing School? Represented company at Industrial Tribunal hearings and compiled facts and findings for same. Kept apprised of writing a good essay University Bournemouth, developments in federal and state safety initiatives, communicated those developments to article jobs School management and associates. Research Academy? Prepared monthly safety report, files and records for writing jobs online MacDuffie all Heli Corp sites. Info St. Michael's? Escorted representatives from agencies during safety, fire, and security audits and inspections of landing sites offshore and refinery sites. Prepared required compliance reports for federal and state agencies and corporate insurance and risk flight management purposes. Pilot- Avro Vulcan.

Royal Air Force Officer Commission (Wing Commander) Professional experience related to project work: I am certified as an MPM. I have 12 years SAP Project Management experience and 16 years on SAP EHS PP,MM,WM and 13 years on article writing jobs online MacDuffie School HR, HCM, Enterprise Portal and 8 years on Security and Testing, utilizing project, strategies, and business analysis, enabling benchmarking, and writing a good Arts Bournemouth (AUB), business needs. Security includes, HCM, Enterprise portal, HCM Roles, HCM Key authorization objects, Authorizations SIG Structural Authorizations the Context Solution, Sarbanes Oxley, AIS Audit, EHS and HR Master Data. SAP Testing using QTP 9.0, SILKTEST 6.5, TESTDIRECTOR 8.0 SP2 ENTERPRISE, SITE SCOPE 8.0, WINRUNNER, and LOADRUNNER, and Quality Center, SharePoint.

Managing trouble tickets, change requests and work flow under the Service Level Agreement (SLA).Single point contact from domestic including offshore to the customer at onsite for resolving issues within stiff deadline. Give the functional and technical support to solve the trouble tickets and writing online, change requests. Managed Shared Services Tier 1, 2, 3. Worked on supporting Tools like Remedy, Test Director, Documented and my Elvis for giving offshore support. SAP Workplace was implemented at writing a good Arts University Bournemouth, client and writing MacDuffie, gave the info, best support in solving client requirement. Industry expertise around SAP HR-HCM (Human Capital Management), EHS Model Planning, PP,MM,WM,Testing and Security Data expertise in article writing School Manufacturing, Aerospace, Chemicals and Oil Gas. Using SAP Best Practices.

In-depth knowledge and experience with HCM and research, EHS business processes, industry best practices and article jobs, measurements. My HCM and EHS background consists of: all module Configuration, Regulatory Compliance, Documentation, Testing, Security, and Implementation experience R2 -3.0 R3-4.0 4.5 4.6 Enterprise Systems 4.7, ECC 5.0 6.0. Extensive background on working with different Software and hardware vendors and validating the sizing and hardware requirements for the end customer. Industry specific SAP experience around Master Data, Testing, Security, ECC 6.0 Upgrade/Cutover Planning: Project Systems (PS), ECC 5.0 6.0, SAP BPC Business Planning Consolidation (Planning, Budgeting, Forecasting, Reporting/Analysis, Consolidations) / Outlook Soft, Personnel Administration, Organizational Management, EHS, Material Management (PP,MM), Customer Master, Vendor Master, Warehouse Management (WM), Sales and Distribution (SD), SAP Migration/Cutover Planning, Functional Testing, Integration Testing, System Testing, Regression Testing, Positive Negative Testing, User Acceptance Testing (UAT) and research on critical thinking Hudson, experienced with testing SAP HR End-To-End Processes and article jobs MacDuffie, EHS, along with a good understanding of Transaction Codes and Info types. Experience with Mercury Quality Center, Quick Test Professional (QTP), and Loadrunner. Experience building test scripts Database testing experience. Experience with Client Server and Windows/Web testing Experience, testing in large ERP systems. Experience managing technical and functional resources. Marketing Writing The Knox School? Expert on SDLC processes and procedures. Enjoy working in a team to assist goals, project direction, collaboration, problem solving, and project issues. Managing vendor relationships between implementation projects for clients.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to jobs MacDuffie this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is writing a good narrative Arts Bournemouth (AUB), called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and jobs online MacDuffie School, then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to marketing The Knox develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of writing jobs falling in love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade?

What causes love at first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for article The University, some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime?

Why do we have short and online MacDuffie School, long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and critical School, others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't?

Why do first born children tend to article jobs online School be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne?

Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer?

Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last?

Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to info St. Michael's School be petted?

Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and writing jobs, poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and on critical College, other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and article writing jobs School, bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl?

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Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008?

Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the essay info St. Michael's, neo-conservative movement developed in School, American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in research Thornton, Germany?

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What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of writing MacDuffie Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin?

Why is English the main language used around the world in paper Rossall School, business and jobs online MacDuffie, science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in article writing The University of Canberra, the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the article writing jobs online MacDuffie School, Middle Ages to writing The Knox stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the writing, parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by article writing most of the rest of the writing MacDuffie School, world? Why, according to essay writing The Knox the 2000 U.S. Article Writing Online School? Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers.

Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and an argumentative research paper, describing the situation or effect. See the chart for easy introduction and article MacDuffie School, conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and essay School, thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in MacDuffie, your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in critical School, parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and writing School, talking with other people about the experience, and writing The University of Canberra, they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. Article School? (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into research on critical full sentences.

Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of article writing your essay. Gather evidence from your own observations and The University (Navitas), from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for article writing online School, College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 6. Thinking? How to article jobs School Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37.

100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about article writing (Navitas), writing. Article Writing Jobs Online? Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for essay School, introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for jobs MacDuffie School, more topics. Marketing Essay Writing The Knox? Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas!

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The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide. One of the most tragic events in the history of the United States, commonly known as Indian removal took place in the spring of writing jobs MacDuffie School, 1838, when the Cherokee Nation commenced its tragic journey. In the perception of White settlers and their political representatives, removal of Native Indians was a prerequisite for writing a good narrative Arts University (AUB), a territorial expansion and taking advantage of writing online MacDuffie, enormous mining and forestry resources. 'Those men and women who supported Indian removal often did so as a result of either outright racism or a desire to see local tribes assimilated into mainstream culture, as well as a misguided sense of an argumentative research paper Thornton, patriotism and ambition for America. There is writing jobs MacDuffie no sense or honor in pretending that the actions of the U.S. government were not cruel or suggesting that some Americans' hunger for expansion justified an thinking Rossall School assault on the country's first residents. '(Marsico, 2010, pp. 6,7) In this section I will discuss Native Indian tribes, commonly known as 'civilized tribes'. The Civilized Tribes is a group of five tribes: the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. Article Writing Online MacDuffie School? These groups were located in the south-eastern region of the marketing, United States. The reason that they became known as 'civilized tribes' by white settlers was that they adopted some of the European and American customs, such as Anglo-American farming, educational and slave-holding practices. As a result of this, a term Civilized Tribes was coined by the whites. The tribe consisted of seven clans and a village was governed by two distinct political entities; the red and the white government, 'which respectively maintained power in times of war and times of peace.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 11) Tribal affairs were discussed by article writing online MacDuffie School, clan representatives in so called council houses, which were seven-sided structures.

The Cherokee villages were politically organized in a loose confederacy. The village was governed by two chiefs. The White Chief, also called the Most Beloved Man, supported the villagers on issues related to farming, law-making, and disputes among individuals, families, or clans. He also took part in religious rituals, accompanied by the Cherokee shamans. The Red Chief had advisory role on warfare issues. The Cherokee territory was in the southern part of the Appalachian chain. Their villages were situated in the Great Smoky Mountains (present-day western North Carolina) and the Blue Ridge (present-day western Virginia and West Virginia), and in the Great Valley (present-day eastern Tennessee). Waldman argues that 'They also lived in the Appalachian high country of article writing prompts of Canberra, present-day South Carolina and Georgia, and as far south as present-day northern Alabama.

Cherokee people also probably lived in territory now part of Kentucky.' (WALDMAN, 2006, p. 51) The rivers and streams were not only contributing to the richness of soil but also to the fishing. Cherokee were skilled fishermen who used spears, traps, and hooks. They also used to poison an area of a river and bring the unconscious fish to writing jobs School, the surface. The Cherokee hunting skills were also impressive. They used bows and writing narrative University Bournemouth (AUB) arrows for hunting deer and bear. 'To get close to the deer, they wore entire deerskins, including antlers, and used deer calls to lure the animals to them. The Cherokee hunted smaller game, such as raccoons, rabbits, squirrels, and turkeys, with blowguns made from the hollowed-out stems of cane plants. Through these long tubes, the hunters blew small wood-and-feather darts with deadly accuracy from as far away as 60 feet.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) The pray was used for clothing, as well. The wild plants had also significant role in jobs MacDuffie, their nutrition, as well as berries, cherries, grapes, walnuts and chestnuts.

The Cherokee were also known as craftsmen. They made plaited basketwork and stamped pottery. Thinking Paper Rossall School? 'They also carved, out of article School, wood and gourds, Booger masks, representing evil spirits.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 52) On special occasions their leaders used to wear headdresses made of feather. Ceremonies were held inside council houses. Writing (Navitas)? Cherokee families lived in two houses, which is typical of people of the Southeast. There were a summer house and winter home. The summer houses had rectangular shape with peaked roofs and walls made out of clay. Early encounters of the European explorers with the Cherokee can be traced back to mid-sixteenth century. In 1540, Hernando de Soto, the Spanish explorer, who travelled throughout much of the Southeast, was the first European to come into contact with the Cherokee. Then, the English traders from the article writing jobs online School, east appeared after England permanently populated Virginia, more precisely the Jamestown colony of 1607 and then the Carolina colonies. De Soto was in his pursuit of gold. The Cherokee villages were situated along rivers that enabled them cultivation of various crops, such as corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, and tobacco, which afterwards resulted in exchange between settlers and marketing essay writing Cherokees.

The Europeans introduced Cherokees with trade. They traded, in exchange for MacDuffie School, food iron, liquor, rifles, and gunpowder. Apart from trade and innovations, contacts with the Europeans brought the Cherokee tribes exposure to diseases such as smallpox and influenza, as well. This had a negative effect on the Cherokee population 'from approximately 30,000 prior to the initial European contact to St. Michael's, about 16,000 by the onset of the eighteenth century.' (Marsico, 2010, p. 15) Although the exchange between Cherokees and Americans was fruitful, the European colonists felt a great greed for Cherokees land. The French and Indian wars lasted from 1689 to 1763. The Cherokee took side with the British against article writing jobs online MacDuffie School the French. Occasionally, they would fight side by side with tribes that were traditionally regarded as their enemies, such as the Iroquois.

The turning point took place in 1760, during the Cherokee War. The Cherokee revolted against their British allies in a dispute over wild horses in what is now West Virginia. 'A group of Cherokee on their journey home from the Ohio River, where they had helped the British take Fort Duquesne, captured some wild horses. College? Some Virginia frontiersmen claimed the horses as their own and attacked the Cherokee, killing 12. Then they sold the horses and collected bounties on the Cherokee scalps, which they claimed they had taken from article online Indians allied with the French.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) As a result of this the Cherokee bands, led by Chief Oconostota, began raids on non-Indian settlements. St. Michael's School? The war ended after two years. The British troops burned their villages and article writing jobs crops. The peace agreement was reached and enormous portion of article writing The University of Canberra (Navitas), their lands that was closest to British settlements was taken away. Despite of the article online MacDuffie School, Cherokee War, the Cherokee took side with the British against the rebels in the American Revolution of essay info St. Michael's School, 1775'83. Most of their support consisted of sporadic attacks on outlying American settlements. 'In retaliation, North Carolina militiamen invaded Cherokee lands and again destroyed villages and demanded land cessions.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 53) They allied with the Americans, fighting with them under Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813. Online MacDuffie School? Cherokee chief Junaluska deserves all the credit for saving Jackson's life from a tomahawk-swinging Creek warrior at the Battle of essay info School, Horseshoe Bend. In 1820, a republican form of government, having close resemblance of that of the United States, was established.

In the culture of the Cherokees work of Sequoyah, also known as George Gist, represents a turning point. In 1809, he commenced with a work on a written version of the Cherokee language and this advancement reflected on a written constitution and publication of books, and newspapers. His twelve years of work produced a written system reducing the Cherokee language to 85 characters each representing a different sound. Years later, in jobs online MacDuffie School, 1827, the tribe wrote a constitution. 'The constitution established a centralized government, a supreme court and jury system, and a national police force.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 22) The first Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, was published in their language in 1828. The Chickasaw ancestors lived in present-day northern Mississippi, western Tennessee, western Kentucky, and eastern Arkansas. The Chickasaw shared language and culture with the Choctaw who lived in southern Mississippi. Research On Critical College? Both tribes had strong ties with the Creek living in the eastern part of Alabama and Georgia. The Chickasaw were in jobs, possession of a fertile floodplain, which was created by soil deposition when the Mississippi River overflows its banks. Paper Rossall? The moisture of soil enabled the floodplain to become suitable for writing online MacDuffie, farming. The area was rich with wildlife.

The Mississippi and its tributaries provided the Chickasaw with fish. Their villages were built to keep them safe from floods. They planted corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. The Chickasaw practiced so called 'the law of hospitality.' This term was first introduced by an English trader, James Adair, who spent nearly 40 years living together with the Hudson College, Chickasaw. In the 1700s, he wrote: 'The Spanish had early contacts with the Chickasaw.

Hernando de Soto led his expedition into their territory in 1541. Article Jobs Online? True to the 'law of hospitality,' the Chickasaw let the outsiders live among them. But de Soto tried to force the tribal chiefs into writing Bournemouth providing 200 bearers to article online, carry his supplies.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 61) The Chickasaw first contacts with the English were in 1670, the year when the English colony of Carolina was founded. Those contacts enhanced trade of various goods between two nations. However, trade was extended beyond goods.

Indian captives were sold to the English. They ended up as slaves working on sugar plantations in critical paper, the Caribbean islands. By the 1690s, the Chickasaws became fully equipped with English guns. Those guns were used against their southern neighbors, the Choctaws. It is estimated that around 2,000 Choctaws were seized as captives and another 2,000 were killed. The Choctaws were an easy target for the Chickasaw attacks, since at that time; they were not armed with guns. This initiated a series of conflicts between Chickasaw and writing online Choctaw. In the French and Indian wars, the Chickasaw took side with the British. The Chickasaw regularly attacked French travelers on the Mississippi between New Orleans and Canada. The Chickasaw were ordered to expel British traders by the French, who armed their allies, the Choctaw. In return, the research paper, Chickasaw carried out raids against both, the French and Choctaw.

As of 1699, presence of France on the Gulf of Mexico coast was established. Writing Online MacDuffie School? The Choctaws from that stage on came into possession of guns and that is how the Chickasaw captive raids ended. They were powerful to the extent that they even halted traffic on the Mississippi for some time. The French conflict with the research thinking Hudson, Chickasaw was at its peak in 1736, 1741, and 1752. It was not until 1763 in the last of the French and Indian wars that the Chickasaw were defeated. It is believed that the Choctaw originated from Nanih Waiya, the article writing jobs online MacDuffie, Mother Mound, area near present-day Noxapater, Mississippi. Essay Info St. Michael's? It is thought that the Choctaw were descendants of the online School, early Mound Builders of the Southeast. The Choctaw were one of the largest tribes living in southern and central Mississippi, with some bands in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana as well. Marketing Essay Writing School? The Choctaw's language and culture are closely tied to the Chickasaw and online School the Creek. In contrast to essay info School, other southeast Indians, the Choctaw had a more democratic system of governance, similar to the one of northeast Indians. Choctaw traders invented a simple trade language that was used in combination with sign language for communication with other tribes.

It is called the Mobilian Trade Language or Chickasaw Trade Language since the Mobile and MacDuffie Chickasaw used it. Critical Thinking Paper School? Villagers built winter and summer houses. 'To keep the winter houses warm families built fires, and to keep them moist they poured water over heated rocks.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 69) Turkey feathers were used to make threads to weave blankets. Jobs Online MacDuffie School? The Choctaw mainly depended on their fertile lands along the Mississippi River. Basic crops were corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, and melons. Hunting and fishing had less relevance to their frequent plantings and harvestings. The Choctaw were skilled craftsmen. They used to writing prompts The University of Canberra, carve dugout canoes for fishing, and trading trips.

In the culture of The Choctaw and Chickasaw there was a practice of head deformation for aesthetic purposes. A hinged piece of wood was put to the foreheads of male infants to apply pressure over a period of time. Choctaw men let their hair grow long. The males of most other Southeast tribes had quite different custom, they shaved their heads. Online MacDuffie? The Chickasaw name for them was Pansh Falaia, meaning 'long hairs.' When it comes to leisure time activities The Choctaw are known for playing lacrosse, also known as Indian stickball.

The game is played in research on critical thinking, a way that players 'toss a leather ball between posts with sticks. Touching the ball with the hands and using the writing MacDuffie School, sticks to marketing essay writing, fight were forbidden, but just about everything else was fair play.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) Often, players would sustain injuries, even deaths, during lacrosse games. Dancing and singing took place prior to the matches between two village teams. Villagers gambled many of their possessions because of placing bets on their teams. Song competitions were held, too. Villagers used to write songs, keeping their songs secret until performance time. Jobs MacDuffie School? A 'song thief' was name for those who spied on thinking, songs of article writing online MacDuffie School, another tribe. The Choctaw had a ritual of so called 'cry-time'.

This tradition involved placing the essay, deceased on a scaffold. On that occasion family members went into retreat and mourned. The Choctaw tribal members practiced fasting. Once the corpse dried out in MacDuffie, the open air, tribe members 'officially appointed as bonepickers, scraped the flesh away with their extra-long fingernails. Then the bones would be buried.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 70) English traders named the Native American tribe Creek, since most of marketing writing, their villages were built on writing jobs online, woodland rivers and creeks. The Creek were a complex tribe, consisting of writing The Knox School, many different bands and villages with many names. The majority of their villages were situated along the banks of the Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Chattahoochee Rivers. Their ancestors inhabited majority of territory of article writing jobs School, present-day Georgia and essay The Knox Alabama and small parts of northern Florida, eastern Louisiana, and southern Tennessee. Since they were one of the most widespread tribes, they represent the jobs MacDuffie, typical Southeast Indian culture. Essay? The Creek, like Choctaw and Chickasaw, were descendants of the Mound Builders who lived in article MacDuffie, the Southeast.

The Creek had two branches, the Upper Creek, situated in Alabama, and the Lower Creek, mostly in Georgia. The most significant band of Creek that is used for info School, referring to other groups as well is Muskogee. Muskogean language family was named after term Muskogee. Among Muskogean-speaking tribes belong the Alabama, Coushatta, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, too. In history, the article MacDuffie School, Creek Confederacy referred to the Alabama and Coushatta, the Muskogee and other Creek bands.

The Creek share many cultural traits with other Southeast Indian tribes. The Creek villages were situated by the rivers and streams. Each village had a chief called a 'micco', who carried out duties similar to those of a modern-day mayor. In making decisions he relied on critical paper Rossall School, a council of elders and the Beloved Men. Writing Online MacDuffie? So called town crier was in charge of announcing the info, decision to the other villagers. Article Writing MacDuffie? Each village consisted of The University, 'red towns' and 'white towns.' 'In the article writing, 'red towns' lived the Arts Bournemouth (AUB), warriors who launched raids for purposes of honor and revenge; ceremonies such as war dances were held there. In the 'white towns' lived the peacemakers who kept track of alliances and article School gave sanctuary to refugees; ceremonies such as the signing of treaties were held there.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 84) Villages had a town square with earthen banks for spectators to marketing The Knox, sit. The ceremonies and games were held there. Article Writing Online MacDuffie School? Their villages had a central circular house with clay walls and a roof about 25 feet high, the ceremonial lodge, and a shelter for the old and the homeless. The houses were organized in clusters.

The villagers had a winter house, a summer house, a granary, and a warehouse. Each clan was named after an animal. Marketing The Knox? Clan membership was determined by the mother. It was forbidden to marry someone within the same clan. The Creek like many other tribes were skilled farmers and hunters. One of the writing jobs MacDuffie, most important ceremonies in their culture was the Green Corn Ceremony also called the Busk, from the Creek word boskita, meaning 'to fast' was a ritual of renewal. It was held four to eight days at the end of the summer, the time when the thinking Rossall, last corn crop ripened. The shamans, elders and warriors all fasted. The purpose of the article jobs School, ceremony was a new start and forgiveness of all mistakes, except murder.

During this feast villagers would eat corn and take part in lighting of the paper Academy, Sacred Fire. On this occasion villagers also consumed the Black Drink, which is a tea made from different types of herbs and tobacco. Its consumption induced vomiting and it was believed that it purifies the article jobs online MacDuffie, body. The records indicate that as of 1715 they were called 'Creeks' by the English newcomers from South Carolina. Essay School? Their population at that time numbered about 10,000 in the Deep South. Article Writing? The establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the article writing prompts of Canberra, Creeks begun doing business with their new neighbors.

The new form of business was capturing and selling Florida Indians. However, those profits nearly vanished by jobs online MacDuffie, 1715 and the trade of writing, deerskins became the writing jobs, main source of profit. Until 1730s skins were deported from the port of Charleston, South Carolina, for English market. Thinking Paper School? In exchange for deerskin, the Creek obtained kettle, guns, and rum. The name Seminole is writing online MacDuffie derived from the an argumentative research Thornton, Spanish word cimarr??n, meaning 'wild' or 'runaway.' Their ancestors lived in the north of Georgia and Alabama states, migrated southward during the 1700s. Supposedly, they were Creek Indians, who sought refuge from slavery from writing online School northern colonies that were at that time under British control. Upon their arrival to Florida, they were no longer called Seminoles, but Creeks. Research On Critical Thinking Hudson College? The majority of Lower Creeks from Georgia settled in Florida that was under Spanish control, at that time. By the early 1700s f the native tribes that existed in article writing online MacDuffie, Florida, prior to the arrival of the Seminole, had been reduced as a result of the Spanish warfare or diseases.

Around 100,000 native Americans occupied Florida in the 1500s, and only 50 survived. In 1767 the Upper Creeks from Alabama arrived and established their settlements in the Tampa area. Shortly after that, in 1771, the first time name Seminole was used with regard to an actual tribe. In 1778 followed the settlements of the Lower Creeks and a good essay Arts University Bournemouth a small number of Appalachians. MacDuffie? Owning black slaves was a practice that many tribes adopted in their attempt to assimilate their culture to the culture of the writing a good Arts University Bournemouth, white settlers. However, the Seminoles never did and Africans slaves who escaped the writing jobs School, Carolinas and Georgia built settlements along with the Seminoles in a good University Bournemouth (AUB), Florida, became known as the Black Seminoles.

Both, the Seminoles and Africans were united by their fear of slavery. 2. BACKGROUND CONTEXT. 2.1. The Creek War. In the colonial period, the Creek allied with the writing jobs MacDuffie School, British in the French and Indian War of article prompts The University of Canberra (Navitas), 1754'63. Creek warriors attacked the Choctaw, allies of the French. They fought against the Cherokee, too. Bands of Creek also took side with British troops against the rebels in the American Revolution of article jobs, 1775'83. As a consequence of that, huge portions of their lands in research paper Thornton, Alabama and Georgia were ceded by the United States in 1790. Tecumseh, leader of the article jobs, Shawnee, counted on the British support in recovering possessions lost to settlers. He travelled to the south intending to warn native cultures of growing threats posed by research paper Thornton, the whites.

This led to formation of a group, within the Creek, so called the Red Sticks. 'The increasing divisions in Creek society led to bloodshed in 1812 when the traditionalists retaliated against the National Council's attempt to punish Creeks involved in attacks against settlers. A Creek civil war erupted, with Red Sticks (as the traditionalists were called) launching attacks on the towns of Creeks friendly to white settlers.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. 218) In return, the United States got involved into the war, despite the fact that U.S. was already at war with Great Britain. The Southern states roused to take revenge for the Fort Mims Massacre. The army of 5,000 militiamen, aided by Cherokees, and Creeks, under command of General Andrew Jackson destroyed completely two Indian villages: Tallasahatchee and article jobs MacDuffie School Talladega. The Red Sticks were first defeated at Fort Mims, in 1813, and then in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in March 1814. The same year Treaty of Fort Jackson forced Creek chiefs to give away 23 million acres of land that was in possession of both the militant Red Sticks and thinking paper School the peaceful White Sticks. Some of Red Sticks managed to escape and settle in Florida. Along with Seminole they managed to remain undefeated, until the First Seminole War (1817-1818). 2.2. Article Online? The Seminole Wars.

The aftermath of American Revolution brought even deeper division between the on critical thinking College, Seminoles and the United States. Many Seminoles relied on Britain for support. American settlers argued that Seminoles provided a refuge for runaway slaves. The Seminole became friends with escaped African-American slaves. The slaves were given shelter among Seminole families. A fraction of Seminoles held side with the Red Sticks faction of Creeks in the Creek War (1813-1814). After their defeat, many Red Sticks found shelter with the Seminoles in writing jobs MacDuffie, Florida. As a justification for leading an army out of Georgia, General Andrew Jackson used the runaway slaves, against the Seminole. This event initiated the First Seminole War of 1817'18. Prior to returning his troops north to Georgia, Seminole villages were completely devastated.

When Jackson was elected president, he intended to send the Seminole to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Along with other Southeast tribes 3,000 Seminole were relocated westward by U.S. soldiers in the 1830s. When counting the Seminole casualties starvation and disease should be considered, too. Essay School? Those who survived were not even allowed to stop and article writing jobs online School bury their dead. The Seminole who were not willing to leave Florida begun a guerrilla war. The name for their resistance was the Second Seminole War of 1835'42. The Treaty of Payne's Landing, was ratified by critical thinking, minority of Seminoles in writing jobs online MacDuffie, May 1832. Indians were demanded to give up their Florida lands within three years and move westward. The U.S. Army arrived in 1835 to implement the treaty and essay writing found Indians unwilling to move and ready for article jobs online, war. The federal government lost 1,500 men and some 500 Seminoles managed to escape.

In 1842, the war ended and majority of Seminoles had been relocated from Florida to Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. A Third Seminole War (1855-1858) was based on disputes, largely over essay info St. Michael's School land, between whites and Seminoles who remained in Florida. Since military patrols were in charge of capturing the Indians, it does not surprise that the article online School, Seminole population numbered about writing a good Arts 200 at the end of Third Seminole War, in 1858. The Third Seminole War represents the last attempt of forced removal. 'Approximately three thousand Seminoles were removed to the Indian Territory, voluntarily or otherwise.' (The Editors of Salem Press, 1995, p. 469) 3. SOCIO-POLITICAL ASPECT OF THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT.

The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 paved the way for the removals of Indians that would follow. The eastern Indian communities, even then, presented a problem in the view of American politicians. The Jefferson administration bought from the article jobs online MacDuffie School, French a vast region of land west of the Mississippi River, for $15 million, Thomas Jefferson had every reason to believe that such vast territory would pay off. Critical Thinking Rossall? Jefferson proposal was with regard to Indians who continued to occupy lands between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River that the Louisiana Territory could become a new home to these people. Even public, was misguided into writing jobs online MacDuffie thinking that the federal government would be helping the Indians, and that the Indians and their culture would eventually disappear, if they remained exposed to the whites. Writing Essay University (AUB)? It was presented as a matter of choice, although it had very little to do with the harsh reality Native Indians were about to article writing jobs online MacDuffie, face. 3.1. The Indian Removal Act. The settlements of both the Europeans and research on critical thinking Hudson the Americans from the early 1600s to the early 1800s were pushing the boundaries of the Indian territories further inland. Territorial expansion of the United States was often backed up by various treaties, laws and even some of jobs online, legal rulings supported these actions.

From 1780's the U.S. Constitution had already contained articles granting 'Congress and marketing writing The Knox School the president exclusive control over Indian affairs. This essentially meant that each of the states was subject to federal regulations in its dealings with local tribes. ' (Marsico, 2010, p. 20) At the time, the state of Georgia was dealing with legitimate means to dissolve the Cherokee Nation; the Congress passed the article School, Indian Removal Act (1830). Writing Prompts Of Canberra (Navitas)? It was Andrew Jackson who signed it into law on May 28, 1830. 'This act granted the executive the authority to negotiate land-exchange treaties with native nations residing within the boundaries of the United States. Cooperating nations would receive Western land in return for ceding their territory.

Thus ''Indian Territory'' in MacDuffie School, present-day Oklahoma was born.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 37) Even though the Indian Removal Act contained clauses regarding the protection of the tribes that were subject to removal, it was carried out without this clause being enforced. Article Prompts The University? At first glance, those Americans who believed that it would serve to the benefit of the Native Indians and would protect them of possible extinction even favored it. However, it raised much controversy among numerous organizations; especially the ones in the Northeast were hard opponents of the legislation. Some of the statesmen and senators opposed to the notions of article writing jobs online MacDuffie, removal. Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen of New Jersey was among the marketing The Knox School, loudest opponents: 'We have crowded the article writing, tribes upon a few miserable acres on our southern frontier,' he proclaimed.' (Bowes, 2009, p. 19) In spite of the opposition efforts, the passage of the Indian Removal Act in essay, the House of Representatives was ensured by a vote of 102 to 97. 'In the succeeding ten years the Atlantic and article MacDuffie School Gulf states were cleared of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles.

Some went resignedly, others at bayonet point.' (McNickle, 1973, p. 74) Early XIX century witnessed an increase in the number of non-Indian settlers. In 1820s, a number of the Choctaw migrated west of the critical thinking paper Rossall School, Mississippi. However, the majority was not willing to leave their homeland. Writing School? The reason that some left voluntary was the, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek that was signed between the Choctaw negotiators and the government representatives Colonel John Coffee and Secretary of War John Eaton, on research paper, September 27, 1830. This treaty is regarded as one of the largest transfers of land between U.S. Government and Native Americans. In sequence of events, this presents the first removal treaty enforced under the Indian Removal Act. The Choctaw gave away 11 million acres of the Choctaw land in exchange for writing jobs MacDuffie, 15 million acres in article The University of Canberra (Navitas), the Indian Territory. The U.S. Congress ratified the Treaty in 1831.

The treaty contained a clause applicable to those who remained to obtain U.S. Article School? citizenship. Some 1,300 Choctaws, who remained in marketing The Knox School, the state of Mississippi, became citizens of the jobs MacDuffie School, United States. It is estimated that around 15,000 Choctaws left and found their new homes in an argumentative research Thornton Academy, the Indian Territory, i.e., state of article jobs online MacDuffie School, Oklahoma. The word Oklahoma is of Choctaw origin, meaning red people. On the grounds of the Curtis Act, their government was disassembled, as it was a precondition for acknowledging the Oklahoma status of a state. Subsequently, the Choctaws ended up divided into essay two distinct groups: the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians that gained federal recognition in 1945. The Mowa Band of Choctaw presently inhabiting state of writing School, Alabama is not recognized by the federal government. 3.2. Andrew Jackson.

Andrew Jackson was seventh President of the research on critical thinking College, United States. He was born in 1767 in Waxhaw, South Carolina. He studied law. In 1788 he moved to Nashville. During his career, he worked as prosecutor, judge, Tennessee congressman and senator from 1823 to 1825. He fought as general in the War of 1812 defeating the Creek Indians in 1814 and the British at New Orleans in 1815.

Three years later, in 1818, he undertook another military assignment to chase off Seminole Indians into Spanish Florida. John Quincy Adams won the presidential elections of 1824. Four years later, Jackson defeated Adams and became the seventh president of the United States. Jackson was a founder of the Democratic Party. He supported extension of slavery into the West. He was a political opponent of the Whig Party and Congress on matters such as the writing jobs MacDuffie, Bank of the United States. He was known for his rage. He used to challenge men to duels and sometimes even causing deadly consequences. Info? During his military career, he fought against jobs online MacDuffie School the Red Stick Creeks and Seminoles, and the War of 1812 in the Battle of New Orleans; he earned a status of a national hero. 'Jackson cultivated his military reputation as an ''Indian fighter.' He often acted as a loose cannon, disobeying orders or creating his own, in order to thinking, further the cause of Manifest Destiny, the spread of U.S. control over the North American continent.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 85) In Jackson's perception the greatest threat to writing online MacDuffie School, settlement and expansion of the United States, was the The Knox School, question of Native Indians.

In the eyes of the common man Jackson was regarded not only as a war hero, but also as one of MacDuffie, their own, a common man. His presidential career, in two subsequent terms, lasted from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Jackson is perhaps best known for providing the environment and tracing the route for the Trail of Tears through the an argumentative paper Academy, Indian Removal Act. The 'Indian fighter' ratified nearly seventy removal treaties. The majority of those treaties provided for relocation and primarily by the use of force of nearly 50,000 eastern Indians to Indian Territory with aim to make available millions of acres of land to white settlers. 'Although the Trail of Tears itself did not occur until the administration of Martin Van Buren, Jackson's former vice president and hand-picked successor, Jackson was responsible for providing the key ingredients necessary for removal to take place.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Writing MacDuffie? 86) Jackson's approach to the ''Indian question'' is critical thinking Rossall perhaps best exemplified by his ignorance toward judiciary and non-interference regarding Georgia's oppression of the Cherokee Nation. 'Georgia lawmakers devised a lottery system to redistribute Cherokee land to Georgia citizens. The Cherokees appealed to the national government, claiming that the Georgia state laws, by violating the sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation, also violated international treaties that the United States had made with the Cherokees.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Article Writing Jobs Online MacDuffie School? 87) According to John Marshall in case of Cherokee Nation versus Georgia, in 1831, the treaties with the Cherokee Nation were not to be regarded in terms of international treaties, instead native nations were to be regarded as ''domestic dependent nations.'' Further on, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the Supreme Court did not have jurisdiction over this matter since the Cherokee Nation was not a foreign nation. Therefore, they were not entitled to sue in federal court that would eventually provide them with legal grounds for prevention of further cessions of their lands as well as their removal from tribal lands. However, this case was important as the Cherokees based on this interpretation of a legal matter decided to bring another case before the court.

The second case Worcester versus Georgia before the Supreme Court was in 1832. This case was initiated by white missionary Samuel Worcester who sued the state of Georgia on the grounds of imposing its laws over the Cherokee Nation. Essay Info? 'Georgia had passed an act that required all whites who lived within the Cherokee Nation to article writing School, apply for a state permit and swear an oath of allegiance to marketing School, Georgia.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 87) Worcester was a minister within the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. His non-compliance with the Georgia act resulted in School, subsequent arrest. He was tried and sentenced to critical School, four years of hard labor in a Georgia court. Article Writing Jobs Online MacDuffie School? According to Marshall the relations with native nations were within a jurisdiction of the national government, therefore Georgia State was not entitled to intervene into an issue involving 'a group the United States had already recognized and agreed to protect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 87) The state of Georgia refused to release Worcester. 'President Jackson, the so-called old Indian fighter, is reported to have said in response with reference to the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it (Mooney, 1900: 114).' (Russell, 1987, p. 116) However, none of the cases tried before the U.S. Supreme Court served its purpose and the Trail of Tears was inevitable.

President had at his disposal a discretionary power, to authorize forceful removal, since such clause was incorporated in many removal treaties and bills. Furthermore, those policies included the deadlines, and in some cases even prior to marketing essay School, the expiry of the deadline, force was used, if deemed necessary. Whether enforcement of the bills justifies the use of force is disputable. Since historical sources indicate that vast majority of Indians opposed the removals, it was obvious that if government wanted to enforce removal bills, it had to be, by force. 3.3. The Treaty of article writing School, New Echota.

The Treaty of New Echota was named after New Echota, the Cherokee capitol in Georgia, where it was signed. The United States as a result of this cession claimed the Cherokee lands in the Southeast in exchange for lands in Indian Territory and $15 million. 'The U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota by one vote, and on thinking Hudson College, May 23, 1836, President Andrew Jackson proclaimed it in effect.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) About twenty thousand Cherokees were to voluntarily leave their homes as of May 23rd, 1838. Jackson remained firm and acted accordingly, The Treaty of New Echota had to be implemented, regardless of evident hesitations by his own men. U.S. Troops commander, initially appointed to MacDuffie, implement the critical thinking paper, Treaty of New Echota, was General John Ellis Wool. Upon his arrival, he was faced with the protesting by the Cherokee to both, the jobs online MacDuffie, process of an argumentative research paper, disarmament and the Treaty, itself. 'Wool asked to be relieved of his mission, and he was.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 55) In December 1837, the Cherokee were notified by the government that the clause in the Treaty of New Echota under which, they were given deadline of two years from the ratification of the treaty, to leave, would be enforced. In early 1838, and A delegation headed by article writing jobs School, John Ross and other Cherokee leaders, paid a visit to writing essay University Bournemouth (AUB), Washington, D.C. to present the signatures of 15,665 Cherokees who were against the Treaty of New Echota, but the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs had voted and authorized the Treaty implementation. 'The U.S. Article Jobs MacDuffie School? secretary of war told John Ross that Jackson no longer recognized any government among the Eastern Cherokees, and neither Ross nor anyone else would be allowed to challenge further the legitimacy of the removal treaty.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. An Argumentative Paper? 55) Approximately two thousand Cherokees, which is some 15 percent of the Cherokee Nation, acted out of their own will and writing online School joined ''Old Settlers'' in Indian Territory, along with members of the Treaty Party. Narrative Essay? According to Jackson no further communications with John Ross, in writing or orally, on this matter is allowed.

When Jackson's second presidential mandate ended, the White House successor became, Martin Van Buren. He commenced his presidential duties in March 1837. Since he was vice president during Jackson's mandate, he made it known that he will stick with Jackson's policies. Out of sympathy with the Cherokee cause, citizens around the United States sent messages and petitions; however, Van Buren organized seven thousand soldiers to article writing jobs online School, prepare for writing narrative essay University Bournemouth (AUB), action. Article Writing Jobs? 'Time had run out. On May 23, 1838, the military roundup of the Cherokee Nation began.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. Writing Narrative Essay? 57) The Cherokee were disarmed and General Winfield Scott was assigned to monitor their removal.

'On May 10, 1838, General Scott issued the following proclamation:' 'Cherokees! The President of the United States has sent me, with a powerful army, to cause you, in obedience to the Treaty of 1835, to join that part of article writing jobs MacDuffie School, your people who are already established in prosperity, on the other side of the Mississippi. . . . The full moon of May is already on Thornton, the wane, and before another shall have passed away, every Cherokee man, woman and child . . . must be in motion to join their brethren in the far West.' Scott's proclamation clearly outlined that no Cherokee would remain in the territory, they all had to 'move' and that Army would reassure the implementation of the Treaty, by force. 4. EXODUS OF NATIVE INDIAN TRIBES. 4.1. The Trail of Tears. It took four weeks in writing jobs School, May and June, to carry out article of Canberra, four military operations (Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Alabama).

Approximately seventeen thousand Cherokees rounded up at gunpoint were removed to various containment camps designated for the Cherokee prisoners. Those camps proved to article jobs MacDuffie, be inadequate as no basic sanitation was provided for the prisoners. An Argumentative Research Academy? The roundups were carried out in a way that took the Cherokees by surprise. Vast majority of families were separated, husbands from wives and children, and many had only their clothes on them, and all other possessions were left behind. 'John G. Jobs Online School? Burnett, a soldier involved with the roundup, described the operation: 'Men working in the fields were arrested and driven to the stockades. Women were dragged from their homes by soldiers whose language they could not understand. Children were often separated from their parents and driven into the stockades with the sky for article prompts (Navitas), a blanket and the earth for article writing School, a pillow. . . .' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 58) John Wool, though initially appointed as the military commander of the essay School, removal campaign was replaced by Major General Winfield Scott, also known as ''Old Fuss and Feathers,'' Scott was a renown veteran, he fought in the War of 1812, the Blackhawk War and the Seminole Wars. ' Scott looked at his mission without enthusiasm; when he realized that many of the Georgia troops seemed as interested in killing the article writing jobs online MacDuffie, Cherokees as removing them, he realized the extent of the challenge he faced.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 57) The first exodus westward occurred from spring 1838 and lasted to writing a good narrative Arts (AUB), the summer. The first groups marched the jobs online MacDuffie School, route of 800 miles.

The intense heat had deadly consequences for children and the elderly. Writing A Good Essay Bournemouth (AUB)? The second exodus was in the fall and winter of 1838-39. MacDuffie School? Unlike the first exodus that was in the heat, the an argumentative paper Thornton, second one was in the rainy season and for that reason the wagons sunk down in article jobs online MacDuffie, the mud, and with freezing temperatures and snow, the journey got even worse. Numerous reasons need to be taken into account when considering the Cherokee casualties, from The Knox School disease, food shortages, and weather conditions to failure of the U.S. troops to protect the Cherokee from attacks by bandits. Initially, the Cherokees were loaded on article writing MacDuffie, steamboats, taken down the Tennessee and essay info Ohio rivers to the Mississippi and writing jobs School from there forced to take the (AUB), land routes to Indian Territory. Indeed, a few thousand Cherokee were removed, as planned. Since this removal was undertaken in article online School, the hottest season, due to sickness, human losses were enormous. the Cherokee National Council, John Ross along with other chiefs made a proposal to General Scott that the Cherokee be allowed to postpone the removal to the fall, when the weather is milder, to article The University of Canberra (Navitas), prevent further casualties. 'That request was granted, and in October, 1838, the Cherokee began to remove themselves, primarily over article online MacDuffie land, in 13 recorded groups averaging about 1,000 people each.' (Russell, 1987, p. 117) The first and the second exodus in prompts of Canberra (Navitas), combination with the dreadful conditions of the confinement camps caused the deaths of writing jobs online, nearly 4,000 Cherokee, which represents a quarter of critical thinking paper School, their total number.

The death toll rose even with the arrival of the Cherokee in the Indian Territory, due to epidemics and continuous lack of article online, food. Article Writing Prompts The University Of Canberra (Navitas)? Other Southeast tribes primarily the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole shared the writing jobs online, destiny of the Cherokee. Perhaps the closest to a good Arts Bournemouth, the exact figures of Cherokee population, which was primarily affected by the Trail of Tears, is statistical information provided by Russell Thornton. According to Thornton: 'A census of the article jobs online, Eastern Cherokees (sometimes called the Henderson Roll) was conducted in 1835: it enumerated 16,542 Cherokees. Essay Info? By this time there may have been 5,000 Cherokees west of the Mississippi River: from 1828 to 1834, 2,802 Cherokees had registered for article writing jobs, removal (plus 578 blacks and 47 whites. Nevertheless, by 1834 only 1,171 Cherokees (plus 293 blacks) had actually emigrated, according to official records).' (Russell, The Cherokees: A Population History, 1992, p. 50) The removals that lasted from 1831 to 1834 were carried out under inhumane and horrifying conditions, such as lack of food, blankets and wagons. Sporadic attacks from ambush by bandits were not prevented by the U.S. soldiers. It is estimated that nearly a quarter of the Choctaw died during the marches, while those who survived the dreadful journey, after their arrival in the Indian Territory, died as a result of article, various diseases and starvation. Theoretically, the Indian Territory was regarded as a permanent homeland for article jobs MacDuffie, many tribes. 'Originally, the article The University of Canberra (Navitas), promised region stretched from the state boundaries of Arkansas, Missouri, and Iowa to the 100th meridian, about 300 miles at the widest point. Nonetheless, with increasing non-Indian settlement west of the Mississippi in writing jobs online School, the mid- 1800s, the Indian Territory was reduced again and again.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) As of 1854, the north of the Indian Territory included the territories of Kansas and Nebraska that were later recognized states status. From 1866 onwards, tribes situated in thinking Rossall, those regions were resettled to the south, allegedly reserved for the Southeast tribes, also known as the 'Five Civilized Tribes.' In the 1880s, arrival of the Boomers followed and again Indian reservations became matter of interests of the Whites in pursuit of more Indian lands for settlement.

Most of the article writing online MacDuffie, relocations of the Five Civilized Tribes were carried out on The University of Canberra, the grounds of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Article Writing Jobs School? The political viewpoint of President Jackson on Indian question was backed up by essay writing The Knox School, his own views that the 'red men' were not capable of integration into the society of the Whites, nor did they have the intelligence to coexist in the white society. Moreover, according to him, they had to accept Christianity; otherwise they are destined to jobs, eventual extinction. Further on, the critical paper Rossall School, government's policy was to be welcomed by the Native Indians, as it will, at School the expense of the marketing essay writing The Knox, government, carry out the relocation. Such policy would positively affect other Native Indians, to follow the pattern of the 'five civilized tribes'. President Andrew Jackson' in his Message to article writing jobs online, Congress 'On Indian Removal' (1830) outlines the relevance of the government's policy, as follows: 'The waves of population and civilization are rolling to the westward, and we now propose to acquire the countries occupied by the red men of the South and West by a fair exchange, and, at the expense of the United States, to send them to land where their existence may be prolonged and perhaps made perpetual.' The map shows numerous routes that were taken by Native Indian tribes at the time of forcible removals from 1830 to 1840. The Choctaw were the first tribe forcibly removed from their homeland. Non-Indian settlers had territorial aspiration toward their lands. Essay Writing The Knox School? State governments just as the article MacDuffie, federal government kept side with whites over Indians. Ironical was their role in the Creek War, when the Choctaw had fought under Andrew Jackson, who would later become president of the United States and mastermind of the 'legitimate' removal of the Native Indians.

Despite the fact that the Choctaw were not represented by the majority, a few members of the Choctaw were talked into signing the article writing prompts of Canberra (Navitas), Treaty of article jobs School, Dancing Rabbit Creek, in 1830. This Treaty led to an argumentative research paper Academy, ceding of all Choctaw lands in the state of article writing online School, Mississippi. Those who disapproved the Treaty remained and hid out in the Mississippi and Louisiana woods. However, the vast majority were made to move westward by U.S. Army.

However, the Choctaw who reached their new homelands, designated by the U.S. Marketing Writing School? government, persisted and had undergone reorganization as a tribe and article writing online started a new life. They even adopted a republican form of government, modeled after that of the United States and many customs of the 'civilized' Whites, and that is how the Choctaw along with the Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole, gained a reputation as one of the 'Five Civilized Tribes' During the Creek removal of 1836 and following their arrival in writing The Knox School, the Indian Territory, out of article online MacDuffie School, 15,000 who were to move to the Southeast, about 3,500 died as a consequence of hunger, disease and ambushed bandit attacks. 'Pressures caused by non-Indian expansion did not cease, however. The General Allotment Act of 1887, designed to force the breakup of essay, tribal landholdings for increased development, caused the article writing online School, eventual loss of much acreage. What was supposed to exist permanently for native peoples as the narrative essay Arts University, Indian Territory became the writing online School, state of Oklahoma in 1907 (Oklahoma is a Muskogean word, coined by marketing essay The Knox School, the Choctaw Allen Wright to mean 'red people,' and first applied to jobs online, the western half of the Indian Territory in 1890.)' (Waldman, 2006, p. Paper? 71) 4.3. Georgia Gold Rush. The Native Indians inhabiting the area of the Appalachian Mountains were aware of the gold resources long before the arrival of the first Spanish expeditions in their lands. Writing Online MacDuffie? The gold was discovered in the Blue Ridge Mountains around 1733, and for almost 100 years the site remained unmined. Frank Logan, farmer and prospector, takes credit for discovering gold on Dukes Creek, a tributary of the Chattahoochee River in 1828.

America's first gold rush was on horizon. Critical Paper Rossall School? Many explorers told stories of Indians wearing gold. One such story was that of Diego Miruelo, who was supposedly given a small quantity of gold when trading some goods with Florida Indians. However, Hernando de Soto is known for launching the first grand expedition in pursuit of gold in 1540. Thousands of writing, prospectors in late 1829 rushed to North Georgia, also known as the (Navitas), Cherokee Nation, looking for gold . ' The sudden influx of MacDuffie School, miners into the Cherokee Nation was known even at essay info the time as the Great Intrusion. One writer said in the Cherokee Phoenix, Our neighbors who regard no law and pay no respects to the laws of humanity are now reaping a plentiful harvest. . Jobs Online MacDuffie School? . . We are an abused people. The gold was discovered in Georgia on October 27, 1828. Benjamin Parks, who lived in Hall County (now Lumpkin County), is known as the first discoverer. Among other first discoverers is Georgia prospector Frank Logan. Supposedly, Logan on his way back to the North Carolina gold fields, discovered gold in 1828 on marketing writing The Knox, Dukes Creek. Writing Online MacDuffie? The story of Benjamin Parks is considered unsubstantiated because he initially claimed he found the gold in 1827 and leased the land to essay info St. Michael's, mine, but he was not the owner of that land until July, 1828.

The news of gold mines spread and more men were lured into making money, the easy way. Article? 'Whispers of the gold in article prompts The University, Georgia spread slowly, but the trickle turned to a flood when the Georgia Journal ran a story on Gold. two mines in Habersham.' 4.4. Assimilation and Allotment. Controversial political views outlined a necessity for their removal. Some argued that the Indians could have remained, if assimilated; while others proposed their removal, as they had no capacity for article jobs MacDuffie School, assimilation into superior and technically advanced society of the whites. Either way, the choice was not to be made by article writing prompts, the Indians.

Numerous arguments in article jobs MacDuffie School, favor and against removal legislation come down to one distinct term ' assimilation. Thinking? Much debate evolved around the article writing online School, process of assimilation. Writing Narrative University Bournemouth? Whether Indians could assimilate or had no capacity of it is article writing irrelevant, as they could not be accepted for marketing essay School, who they are. They were deprived of right to jobs online, live in accordance with their own culture and customs, in their traditional lands, using their native languages. Some 50 years after the Removal of Native Indians, more precisely on February 8th, 1887, Congress passed the General Allotment Act (or the Dawes Severalty Act). Marketing Writing? 'U.S. Article Writing Online School? law providing for the distribution of School, Indian reservation land among individual tribesmen, with the aim of creating responsible farmers in the white man's image. It was sponsored in writing jobs MacDuffie School, several sessions of Congress by Sen.

Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts and finally was enacted in February 1887. Under its terms, the president determined the suitability of the recipients and research paper issued the grants, usually by a formula of 160 acres to each head of household and 80 acres to each unmarried adult, with the stipulation that no grantee could alienate his land for 25 years.' It also enabled the Indians who received land, to become U.S. citizens, meaning they had to comply with the federal, state, and local laws. Although it was aimed at the welfare of the Indians, there were no enough votes in Congress to writing jobs School, pass it. Amendments to the Act were made, in terms of any remaining land, after the allotment to the Indians, would be offered for public sale and then passing the Act followed. 'By 1889, 2 million acres had been bought from the Indians, usually at ridiculously low prices, and thrown open to non-Indian settlement. The Oklahoma Land Run took place that year, with settlers lining up at a starting point to an argumentative paper Thornton, race for choice pieces. Those who cheated and entered the article writing jobs School, lands open for settlement were called 'sooners.' In 1890, Oklahoma Territory was formed from these lands.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) The leaders of marketing essay writing The Knox, Cherokee and Choctaw leaders rejected allotment and decided to resolve the writing jobs online MacDuffie, matter at federal courts. In response, Congress passed the Curtis Act of 1898, with aim to dissolve their tribal governments and courts. Furthermore, The Curtis Act was, in a way prolongation of land Allotment policy. The U.S. government's policies were structured around regaining Indian lands. In 1905, a proposal to the federal government was made by representatives of the Five Civilized Tribes for establishment of research on critical, a separate Indian state, known as Sequoyah. 'Legislation was submitted to Congress but was not enacted. Writing Jobs Online? Oklahoma, all of which had once been Indian land, became a state in research on critical Hudson College, 1907.

During this period, in 1924, the federal government passed the Citizenship Act, conferring citizenship on all Native Americans. Two states'Arizona and New Mexico' delayed giving Indians voting rights until much later. In 1934, with the Indian Reorganization Act (or the Wheeler-Howard Act), the article jobs School, policies of Assimilation and Allotment ended.' (Waldman, 2006, p. 54) It was not until President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his commissioner of Indian affairs, John Collier appeared on the political stage that the Native Indians would initiate the thinking School, process of jobs MacDuffie, rediscovering their lost culture. Those who imposed the assimilation policy had intended to diminish the relevance of Indian heritage and reorganize their tribal features to writing of Canberra (Navitas), fit into article jobs MacDuffie their own. However, the tribes that were encircled with the allotment process never repossessed the lands lost to whites.

The term reservation is applied to most of tribally held lands in other states. Remaining Indian lands in Oklahoma are referred to paper Thornton, as Indian trust areas. 5. THE TRAIL OF TEARS, WATER AND LAND ROUTES. 'Various scholars have speculated that the camp conditions might have been responsible for perhaps one-third to one-half of all of the deaths associated with the Trail of Tears, though the records leave little chance for anything more than speculation. Scott divided the camps into three military districts, each with its own plan for removal to Indian Territory involving land and water routes.' (Sturgis, 2007, p. 59) The tribes were made to take two main routes to article writing jobs MacDuffie, reach Oklahoma. Each route went through the Ozarks; the water route, also called the southern route went through Arkansas and the land route, also known as northern route, went through the Ozarks of southern Missouri. The Native American Indians were removed from the southeastern United States to west of the Mississippi. The outrageous 800-mile trail, from an argumentative research Thornton Georgia to eastern Oklahoma, took place during 1838 and 1839. The illustration presents both main routes, i.e., the land and water route. Illustration 2 - Routes of the Trail of Tears from the National Park Service. The territorial aspirations of the Whites were fueled by the discovery of gold in Georgia in 1828, which was confirmed in article jobs online MacDuffie, 1830.

President Andrew Jackson's policy on the Indian Removal corresponds to that timeframe and that same year Congress passed the Indian Removal Act and from that moment on it was 'legitimate' to remove Native Indians from their ancestral lands to critical paper School, so called Indian Territory or reservations. The map illustrates ceded lands, routes of Indian removal and Indian reservations. President Jackson outlined in his Second Annual Message to Congress on December 6, 1830 that: 'The consequences of article, a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to individual States, and to the Indians themselves'It puts an end to all possible danger of Hudson College, collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians. It will place a dense and civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by a few savage hunters.' ' European settlements in the Southeast of the U.S: begun with explorer expeditions in XVI century. The Spanish established missions in Florida and Georgia, and in 1607, the English established Jamestown, Virginia. Later XVII century is marked by the English who took part in Indian slavery and article writing jobs deerskin trade in South Carolina, and exploitation of the Mississippi River by the French.

Perhaps the most genocidal event was triggered by the passage of the 1830 Indian Removal Act. Known as 'Indian Fighter', President Andrew Jackson authorized the use of force to implement it. It provided European settlers with vast regions of rich soil to establish farms on lands inhabited by the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Namely, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole presented a role-model of successful assimilation into whites' society and it was from 1830-1839, that systematical removals were enforced upon writing prompts The University of Canberra, them. The routes they were forced to take, from jobs their southeastern lands to critical Rossall, present-day Oklahoma, became symbolically known as the writing jobs online, 'Trail of Tears'.

According to data from 1980, 60,000 Cherokee, 24,000 Choctaw, 15,500 Creek, 6,000 Chickasaw, and 5,000 Seminole live in Oklahoma. Some argue that genocide is difficult to identify while others have no doubt about its classification. Genocide in broader context applies to the acts 'committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. ' The Trail of Tears cannot be categorized only in terms of tragedy of the 'Five Civilized Tribes'. Modern society has name for it and this event is to be named for what it is. The intention to eradicate Native Indians may be questionable; however the Indian Removal Act clearly outlined that Indians may become extinct or their lands abandoned: The fact that Indian Removal Act was an instrument in the hands of U.S: government to relocate five Native Indian Nations without their consent, by force, constitutes crime. 'The crime of genocide has two elements: intent and an argumentative Thornton Academy action 'it must be inferred from a systematic pattern of coordinated acts.

Intent is jobs online MacDuffie School different from research paper Academy a motive. Whatever may be the motive for the crime (land expropriation, national security, territorial integrity, etc.,) if the perpetrators commit acts intended to destroy a group, even part of a group, it is genocide.' Bowes, John P. (2009). The Trail of Tears: Removal in the South (Landmark Events in jobs MacDuffie School, Native American History). New York: Infobase Publishing. Marsico, K. (2010).

Perspectives on the Trail of Tears: The Tragedy of American Indians. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. McNickle, D. (1973). Indian Survivals and Renewals. New York: Oxford University Press. Rasmussen, Kent R., the research Hudson, Editors of Salem Press. (1995). American Indian Tribes. Pasadena: Salem Press, Inc. Sturgis, Amy H. (2007).

The Trail of Tears and Indian Removal, Westport: Greenwood Press. Thornton, R. (1990). American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History since 1492, (The Civilization of the American Indian Series, Vol. 186). University of Oklahoma Press. Thornton, R. (1992).

The Cherokees: A Population History, University of Nebraska Press. Waldman, C. (2006). Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, 3rd Ed., New York: Checkmark Books. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Language essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in article writing online MacDuffie, our area of expertise, and essay St. Michael's School we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Online MacDuffie? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Language work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Language essay was submitted to us by an argumentative Thornton, a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in jobs School, your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:

Essay UK, The Trail Of Tears American Indian Genocide . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/english-language/trail-tears.php [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on article prompts of Canberra (Navitas), the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Writing MacDuffie School? Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.

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How to Make an Acting Resume With No Experience. Putting together an actor resume is probably the first and easiest thing an aspiring actor should do. But here’s the conundrum: how do you make an acting resume with no experience ? If you’re in this position, don’t sweat it. It’s not a big deal. Really, it’s not.

I remember myself having this exact same thought when I was just embarking on writing School the acting journey. In reality, almost every single actor has been in a position of having an empty actor resume. We’ve all started out acting with no credits. As a newcomer, you’ll have to get comfortable with the idea that you’re a fresh face on the block, you won’t be signed by any top talent agencies in Los Angeles (yet) and article prompts you’ll have to work with what you have. Below, I will quickly walk you through what an actor resume is, what purpose does it serve, what resume you need for article writing online MacDuffie voice over essay writing The Knox, jobs, the standards for an acting resume in Los Angeles, and the best way to go about writing your actor resume when you have no experience to list. Before we begin, would you like a sample standard LA acting resume that you can edit with your own details? Share some social love and you can download an article jobs School, editable PDF. Let’s start at the beginning. Writing The University Of Canberra (Navitas)! After reading through this acting resume guide, if you have any questions, drop your comments here and I will try to answer them the best I can. What’s an acting resume, and why do you need one?

I’m sure everybody knows what a CV (curriculum vitae) is. It’s that piece of paper that people use to show to their potential employers. Surprise surprise, an actor’s resume is the exact same thing that you use when they’re looking to writing online MacDuffie book acting auditions in LA. It serves the same purpose, and is even structured similarly. Alongside your headshot, an acting resume is one of the thinking paper School, most important actor’s marketing tools that every aspiring thespian needs to have. It’s your calling card. You will list all of your acting experience, education, acting training and special skills that you have alongside your contact information, and a few physical stats. Look to the right. This is what a Los Angeles based working actor’s resume looks like. I removed the name and contact info.

When you submit for an acting job, a CD will receive your full actor’s package: actor resume, headshot and, if you have it, your demo reel. The CD will look at jobs MacDuffie School your headshot first (!) and if you look the a good narrative essay University Bournemouth (AUB), part, they will turn it over to see your acting resume on the other side. They’ll scan through your physical stats, your credits and, sometimes, your special skills if that applies. Say your resume looks professional, your look fits the part, and the CD is happy with your experience and credits. In this case, you’re going to article jobs online School get a call about an audition. Marketing Writing School! Congratulations! You just got your first audition. Now back to the real world… Even if you have not done any acting work whatsoever, you can still put together an actor resume with no experience, and send it over to CDs with confidence . Despite your worst delusional fears (we’ve all be there, trust me), nobody’s going to think of you poorly if you have little or no acting experience. CDs understand that every actor has to start somewhere, thus you may get by on your looks, physical stats, training and/or special skills alone. Most importantly, don’t get discouraged if you don’t.

Simply move onto the next project. Bottom Line : An acting resume is article writing jobs online MacDuffie School what every actor needs to put together as soon as they’ve decide to enter show business. Marketing Essay Writing! It’s their calling card. Basics of a professional actor resume. Even though you have no credits under your belt yet, you still want to keep your actor resume looking clean and professional. Article Jobs Online School! Here are some basics to marketing writing The Knox go by when structuring an jobs online, acting CV: An acting resume is ALWAYS only one sheet of paper. No exceptions. It must have enough white space to be read easily (hey, you’re perfect for it!) It should be sized to fit a 8?10 headshot so that you can staple it to the back. Use standard fonts such as Arial or Times New Roman. Essay St. Michael's School! Do not cram the resume with too many things.

Keep it simple and relevant. Do not use any colors. It’s just black and white, plus headings for sections. Writing Jobs Online! Never lie on your resume. You’ll be surprised how quickly that gets out. “ DON’T lie on your resume. Actors do this all the time and they always get caught. If you claim to writing a good essay Arts Bournemouth have booked a guest star role on “NCIS,” it stands to writing jobs reason you would have footage from the show on your reel. If you don’t, I’m going to ask why. And that’s where the essay info St. Michael's, lie will start to jobs MacDuffie School fall apart. ” – Secret Agent Man , Backstage.com. These are the primary “rules” for article prompts The University of Canberra a professional looking acting resume.

Follow them and you’ll be alright. If you download the sample acting resume above , you’ll notice that it’s slightly different from the resume in the picture, but the difference is irrelevant. In fact, most casting directors prefer the simplicity because it’s easier to read and remember. What matters the most in an acting resume is the article jobs online School, basic information that’s easy to see: personal details at the top, followed by credits and then training. You can choose either format, just keep it clean and easy to read. And now for essay The Knox School the acting resume format technicalities.

I suggest you opening that resume sample from above so that you understand better what’s what. Bottom Line : Your acting resume should look clean, professional, adapted for quick reading, and jobs MacDuffie School with the most recent and most relevant credits. Your personal information . As you can see in the acting resume template I’ve linked to above, and the provided Los Angeles actor resume example, we’re supposed to start with some personal details. For the purpose of this article, let’s assume that you’re a non-union actor with no talent agent representation, which is paper most likely the case anyway. Actor’s name . This is where your stage name (not your legal name) goes. Simple. Union title. Article Writing Jobs MacDuffie! If you’re not affiliated with any actor’s union, then skip this part.

Phone number . Always use the info, number by which you can be reached any time. Physical stats . Self-explanatory. NEVER put your age or date of birth on the resume. After the basic personal information, we’re moving onto the credits and what acting experience you have. Your acting experience. Normally, this is jobs where you would list all your credits, from Arts University Bournemouth (AUB) television to film to theater to new media. Article Writing Jobs MacDuffie! If you’re pursuing acting in Los Angeles, most of your work will be focused on Film/TV, thus one resume is usually enough. Thinking Paper! However, people in New York City, for example, will often have at least two actor resumes: one focused on screen work, one on stage work. Writing Online MacDuffie! If you don’t have much acting experience, then one acting CV will be enough.

Film credits . In this section, start with the a good narrative essay University, name of the show , followed by MacDuffie the type of role (NOT your character’s name; see below) you did, then production company and finally director’s name . Television credits . Similarly to an argumentative research paper Thornton Academy film credits, start with the name of the show , then the writing jobs online MacDuffie School, type of role (different to film type roles; see below), followed by a good narrative University Bournemouth television network and the director’s name . The same applies to Web Series/Webisodes productions. Theater credits . Again, begin with the name of the production/play , followed by your role/character’s name (this time it’s the writing MacDuffie, other way around), then the theater company’s name and the location of where the production took place. A few quick tips: Always, always list film and television credits under separate sections. You’ll see some bad actor resume examples where they’re filled under “Film/TV.” DO NOT do this, because it will make your acting resume look very unprofessional. The reason is mostly because role types work differently on film and TV (see below). Once you get more experience under your belt, try to remove some of the older and/or less important stuff from the critical thinking, resume. Online! Keeping it clean will make you look more professional. You also want to essay info School have casting directors focus on your best and article online MacDuffie School most important work.

You can list your credits any way you want. Research! Some people list them chronologically, but I usually suggest listing your best work at the top so that it catches peoples’ attention. Never put extra/background work on article writing jobs online MacDuffie your resume. Research On Critical Hudson College! The reason being is that extra work is not considered acting. Some people will do so anyway to fill the space, but I strongly advise against that. If you’re ever asked about that part, and you have to article online MacDuffie School say that you were actually a background on the set, that will make you look very unprofessional. When listing theater credits, you don’t usually name the director. However, if the director’s name is really well-known, I would list that either alongside the theater company’s name, or instead of the location if you’re short for space (similar to Film/TV credit format).

Your training and education . In this section, list all the relevant acting training that you’ve had so far. Prompts Of Canberra (Navitas)! That usually includes: acting classes, workshops, formal theater/acting education and other informal acting/drama training. Begin by writing jobs online listing the critical thinking paper, name of your acting teacher (for private/group classes) or the institution where you’ve studied acting. Right next to article writing MacDuffie it you’ll list what type of acting classes those were, which you’ll know after you’ve taken them. There’s too many for me to list, but the most common are Scene Study, Cold Reading, Audition Technique, Improv, and On-Camera Class.

In the third column of article of Canberra (Navitas), this section, it’s the location. Now in article, terms of what goes where vertically. Normally, you’ll have your formal and probably oldest acting education at writing The University (Navitas) the bottom, which is the college or drama school that you went to. Even if you think it’s the article writing, best type of training you have received, that’s usually not how casting directors and research agents think. Keep the article writing jobs online School, classes that you’re currently taking at research on critical the very top of MacDuffie School, this section, and add “(ongoing)” right next to them. After that, list any other acting class or workshop that you’ve taken chronologically with the prompts The University, oldest class at the bottom of the list. Your special skills . The least useful section of your acting resume is the writing jobs online MacDuffie, one that actors truly obsess over.

You don’t have to, because agents rarely even look here, unless there’s something very specific that they want from an paper Thornton, actor. With that in article jobs online MacDuffie School, mind, don’t over-complicate this part and The University of Canberra list the things that you’re most proficient in. My advice for the special skills section would be to be honest with yourself. Article! If you’ve only essay Arts University Bournemouth strummed a guitar a few times in article jobs online School, your life, don’t put Guitar on there. If you’ve played basketball in high school which was 10 years ago, don’t put Basketball in there. An Argumentative Research Thornton! Also, don’t write down things like Running and article jobs online Whistling, unless you’re a professional. The same goes for listing languages. Over-exaggerating about your special skills used to University (AUB) be a thing back in the day, but in 2015, agents think this just looks dumb. “ I want all of you to look up the writing online, meaning of the article The University, word “fluent.” Make sure you understand what it means before you claim you’re fluent in any language.

I’m fluent in three, and I always test actors when I see one of those languages listed on their resume. Care to article online MacDuffie guess how many couldn’t respond to a simple question in a good essay (AUB), the language they’re supposed to be fluent in? ” – Secret Agent Man , Backstage.com. As you can see, agents do care and they do their due diligence. Bottom Line : Always stick to the standard actor resume format, and jobs don’t reinvent the wheel. Agents and St. Michael's School casting directors should be able to scan through your resume fast. Let me give you quick breakdown of film and television role types. This is something every aspiring actor in Los Angeles has to writing jobs online MacDuffie School know. You’ll be surprised how often you’ll soon be using these terms. Series regular – Main character(s) on St. Michael's the show under contract for jobs online School a certain period of time, usually for the duration of the essay St. Michael's School, whole show/season.

Recurring – Second most important TV acting role type. These are usually signed to jobs online MacDuffie School appear on the show on multiple episodes. Guest star – Third biggest part where the character is directly involved with the plot of the essay writing The Knox School, TV show, usually for a single episode, but sometimes several episodes. Co-star – A small speaking part that will only writing MacDuffie School be involved in one episode for a small period of screen time. An Argumentative Paper! Under 5 (U5) – Normally applicable only to daytime dramas where the character will have less than five lines. Lead – Protagonist. Main character of the story on whom the whole film is centered. Supporting – Secondary character which can be just as important to the film/story. Principal – A small part with spoken lines where the character will usually interact with one of the above characters for a short period, but doesn’t add much to the story. Article Writing Jobs! Featured – A non-speaking part where the character gets enough facetime. This is not the same as an essay info, Extra, but sometimes Extras are promoted to Featured roles.

And that wraps up the article writing online School, whole technical part of an essay Arts University, actor’s resume. Please feel free to come back to this article when you’ll need help with structuring your actor resume format. I’ve already mentioned this, but don’t stress about not having any acting experience. Yes, it is Catch-22 where you can’t get work because you have no experience but you can’t get experience without acquiring work. Welcome to Hollywood. A) The first thing you may want to do is think about whether you definitely have no experience.

Maybe you’ve been in some small plays, or student films, or even indie films with your friends? List them all! Anything where you have actually done acting can go on article jobs online MacDuffie your resume, even if it’s a small part in a silly project. B) The next step is obvious: you need to search for opportunities to act. The easiest way to acquire some credits for your resume is to visit your local community college for some stage work. You can also browse through free casting websites, Craigslist, filmmaking websites and forums where people are looking for actors who would work for free. If you’re willing to do some work for no reward, that means you’ll find opportunities faster. C) The third thing you can do is produce something yourself. An Argumentative Academy! I’ve already talked about the importance for actors to create their own projects, and the earlier you start, the better. All you need is a few bucks, a smartphone with a decent camera and some time. You can gather up a couple of friends, write a screenplay for a short film, shoot it on jobs online MacDuffie School your phone and put it up on YouTube.

That’s your first credit. I would advise against buying memberships on a good narrative essay Arts University casting websites just yet. If this is your first time venturing into the world of performing arts, give it some time, and see if you even like the article online School, craft of acting before spending money. You will be surprised how quickly your resume will start growing if you dedicate some time to this, and if you’re willing to work for free. There are a lot of opportunities out critical thinking paper Rossall School there, especially if you move to a big city such as Los Angeles, New York City, Atlanta, Vancouver in Canada or London in England. Article Writing Jobs Online MacDuffie School! Once you start receiving some acting work, remove your older, “silly” credits and replace them with the essay School, most recent stuff.

Finally, try to jobs online MacDuffie have fun. Critical Paper School! People often forget about this – myself included – but it’s an integral part of article writing online MacDuffie School, succeeding as an writing a good Arts Bournemouth (AUB), actor. Online MacDuffie! After all, don’t we all want to become actors so that we can have fun instead of work? Don’t Build Your Dreams on the Promise of Luck. 5 Skills Actors MUST Adopt from article writing The University of Canberra (Navitas) Entrepreneurs. 10 Top Talent Agencies in Los Angeles for Theatrical Representation in 2017.

I'm a stage actor who moved from London, UK to Los Angeles, CA in 2013 to MacDuffie School pursue a career in film and TV. I'm here to writing narrative Bournemouth (AUB) share my observations on show business and article writing online MacDuffie School provide actionable advice straight from the horse's mouth for anybody else trying to become an actor in Hollywood.