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White British Cultural Identity in essay, Film an Essay. “The English are great lovers of themselves and who writes newspaper articles Limkokwing University, of everything belonging to them. They think there are no other men like themselves and no other world but England and research essay The Village School, whenever they see a handsome foreigner, they say he looks like an Englishman and it is who writes articles Limkokwing University a great pity he should not be an Englishman…” The Venetian Ambassador of 1497, quoted in ‘English Traits’ In Ralph Waldo Emerson: Essays 1856 London: Read Books (2006 edition p.85-6) “They’re rubbish the research writing, French. They’ve never forgiven us for the Armada.” Irate English holidaymaker, interviewed by the BBC during the 1995 French seamen’s blockade of English ferries. The film I have chosen to analyse as a representation of my personal cultural identity is Alfonso Cuaron’s Children of Men (2006). My identity, at its broadest level, is ‘white English’. Oswestry! However, the white identity is one in crisis, and research essay, has been since the mass immigrations of the 1960s and 1970s, which saw a totally unprepared Britain become a multi-racial society in the space of one generation. I personally find the racial definition ‘white English’ entirely unhelpful when considering contemporary cultural identity. Today, with the added threat of College Cambridge, global Islamic terrorism, and the converse emphasis of Islamic rights and culture, a dangerous breed of white English anti-immigrant sentiment, the like of which hasn’t been seen since the 1960s and 70s, is threatening to rear its ugly head once again. Children of Men does specifically address the white English fear of mass immigration, which is the root of its identity crisis, but it also addresses the general contemporary British issues of identity and stereotypes, class, rural romanticism, urban violence, nationalism, terrorism, torture, state power and militarism, the media and the state, disease-terror and infertility, religion, and essay writing, a growing crisis of violence and anti-social behaviour amongst the youth of Britain. These issues are bombarding all Britons, of all classes, ethnicities and races, not just my own.

They are issues that we all hold in common, and which unite us as a country. To be British today is to be facing these problems, and that, to me, is our British cultural identifier, which means so much more to me than the teacher Stenden University, narrow racial definition ‘white English’. These are the issues and research The Village School, themes which I consider to be indicative of my British cultural identity, and I will extract and analyse them from within the film. Children of Men is set in 2027, in a world where the human race has become mysteriously infertile, where Britain is the last remaining civilisation, and where immigrants are being purged. The film couldn’t be more blatant in its warning about immigration fears, and who writes Limkokwing, its relevance today is stark. With the entering of research essay, Romania and Bulgaria into the European Union this year, Britain has put up quota blocks on the number of immigrants it is allowing into this country, after public outcry over uncontrolled immigration from who writes newspaper articles Limkokwing University Europe. Research Writing The Village! In the 1960s Enoch Powell made his famous ‘Rivers of University of Applied Sciences, Blood’ speech against School mass immigration, and Stenden of Applied Sciences, this film is an extreme image of what could happen if the government took his advice.

“As time goes on, the proportion of research essay writing The Village School, this total who are immigrant descendents, those born in England, who arrived here by exactly the same route as the rest of news article, us, will rapidly increase. Already by 1985 the writing The Village School, native-born would constitute the majority… The natural and rational first question with a nation confronted by essay writing Monash, such a prospect is to ask: ‘How can its dimensions be reduced?’…The answers to the simple and rational question are equally simple and rational: by stopping or virtually stopping, further inflow, and by promoting the maximum outflow.” (Powell, 1968) In Children of Men this is research The Village School exactly what is happening. Immigration has been stopped and emigration is being forced. Though Powell’s opinions might appear repulsive, it would be foolish to deny their relevance in today’s society as the race issue again comes to the foreground of the professional article service London International Academy, social and writing School, political scene. Islamic militants, born and bred in Britain, have bombed London, violently spitting in the face of the country which their parents chose to come to, and are still desperate to come to, if the images of desperate immigrants jumping on the backs of lorries at Calais are to be believed. Immigration is a key issue in the crisis of white English national identity, along with British identity as a whole. But the concept of what defines the article, white English identity is just as problematic. There are many different stereotypes of the typical English character, and research writing School, they are as tenuous as they are popular. Though it is not so much addressed within Children of Men as an Oswestry issue, we are very aware that the central character is a white English male, and that the enemy in research writing The Village, the film is a black English male. How different would the film be if it were a black English male who was the protagonist? I suspect very.

As it is articles of Northampton though, we are following Theo, whom I would describe as a typical English gentleman hero. But in making this assertion I must describe what a typical English gentleman is, and to do this I must utilise stereotypes, which are the only way we can possibly describe peoples of an entire nationality. The stereotypes of the English are varied but generally similar. Research Essay Writing The Village School! In 1944 George Orwell praised us as being law-abiding, considerate, gentle, decent, insular, patriotic and anti-intellectual (1944:79), while Clive Aslet, who also quotes another English gent, Horatio Nelson, says, “Outsiders tend to view the English as arrogant, and it would be difficult to think otherwise if one were to look only at a turn-of-the-century imperialist…It would be true enough to say that the English are the reverse of arrogant; we are the nation which eternally hovers at doorways, inviting the other person through first. Perhaps the habit of Cambridge, self-effacement stemmed from a kind of arrogance: we believed we could afford it. Essay Writing The Village! Traditionally we never felt the need to trumpet our strengths because they seemed to teacher Stenden University of Applied Sciences, us quite obvious. We are not triumphalist about triumphs. ‘It is the custom, and a very bad one,’ wrote Horatio Nelson, ‘for the English never to tell their own story.’” (Aslet, 1997:5) The results of a questionnaire taken in 1985 amongst final year secondary and first year university students from a variety of European and research essay The Village, Asian countries, concluded that the English are reserved, practical, peaceful, calm, sceptical and self controlled (Peacock, 1985:95-108). Theo as an Englishman affirms many of these characteristics. He is calm to the brink of lethargic throughout the film, and certainly is undeterred by the violence taking place around him. He is sceptical of all who attempt to interfere in article service International Academy, his quest, and never once questions his duty to Kee, who he has sworn to protect. In its portrayal of the violent city, the film is also confronting the British romanticism with the countryside, by The Village, contrasting the professional writing service London Academy, peaceful rural with the violent urban.

It is a typical trait of English culture to research essay School, idealise the rural. Writing Abbey Cambridge! As Aslet phrases it, “[t]he British countryside retains an emotional significance even for people who do not visit it very often. We almost take this for granted. Research Essay The Village School! No other nations are possessed of such a yearning for critiquing articles The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) the rural idyll…Partly in reaction against the unattractive condition of the towns, well-to-do people developed a taste for living in the country, which became an art in itself.” (1997:168-9) This is a theme also explored by Peter Hutchings in his ‘Uncanny Landscapes’ article, where he identifies this futuristic landscape as being “[one] suffused with a sense of profound and sometimes apocalyptic anxiety; it is also a landscape of a comprehensive dispossession and writing, vacancy. It might best be thought of as the British antilandscape, the landscape that provocatively throws into question the very idea of the human/national subject as the owner of landscape, as a figure in that landscape, or as an observer of it.” (2004). In Children of Men , Theo leaves the teacher Stenden University Sciences, city after a bomb is detonated in a cafe he has vacated. He visits Jasper, who lives in a hidden cottage in the woods. Theo later goes to the FISH headquarters, which is situated in a large, cosy farmhouse in the countryside. He is escaping the violent urban for the peaceful rural.

However, conforming to what Hutchings calls the “savage-rural”, Theo finds himself threatened both by the inhabitants of the farmhouse, and also by a feral gang which are living in the woods like olden-day bandits. It is important to recognise that Theo is foremost a city dweller, looking at this rural landscape from an urban mindset. As Hutchings notes, “[t]he savage or beastly rural landscape is usually a negative landscape as viewed from the research essay writing School, perspective of the modern city dweller.” (2004) It is traditionally the city dweller who is attacked within the rural landscape in British film and drama, whether by a monster or beast such as The Hound of the Baskervilles (1968/2002) or by a rural dweller, for example Straw Dogs (1971). This appearance of the marking Stenden University Sciences, wild gang in the woods complies with Hutchings’ “comprehensive dispossession and vacancy” and shows a landscape in research writing School, which the human element is “either completely disappearing or becoming subject to mechanics Monash, uncontrollable impulses or compulsions, or regressing into something less than human.” Certainly the gangs are a sign of apocalyptic, atavistic regression into tribal brutality. But in Children of Men , these gangs are also to be found in the city itself. As Theo takes the train home from work, a mob of violent youths hurl stones at essay School, the train window and of Applied Sciences, attack it with bars and bats, in much the same way that the woodland gang attack the writing School, car with similar instruments. It is a deliberate mirror image used by the film to professional writing Cambridge, emphasis the research writing, idea of the city regressing into primitive anarchy. Hutchings identifies this use of regression to a pre-modern condition in order to change cityscapes into uncanny landscapes, and describes them as “such menacing cityscapes and landscapes, which form part of what might be termed ‘dark heritage’” (2004). This idea of the cityscape transformed into writing Cambridge a landscape is explicit in the final sequence of the The Village, film, at Bexhill relocation camp. Professional Service London! The city has been cordoned off into a ghetto for immigrants, and research The Village, is now virtually a war zone of scavenging beggars and journal The University of Northampton, mob violence. The Village! It is then stormed by the army and by members of who writes articles Limkokwing, FISH, whereupon it becomes literally a war zone, deliberately mirroring the storming of the Warsaw ghetto of the Nazi Reich.

When considering the reasons behind the creation of this regressive, ‘dark heritage’ landscape, Hutchings claims that, “for all the importance of notions of history within this type of location, it is research writing School anxieties about modernity and modern social change that arguably explain its appearance. In a curious way, prospects of the future lead inexorably to fantasies about the past and about annihilation of the national self.” (2004). This is precisely what the film is about. The contemporary British fear of modernisation and globalisation, personified on screen by professional writing service International, a world collapsed by the ethnic strife within nations, and the resultant surge of anti-immigration sentiment and ignorant nationalism. This theme of unrestrained nationalism is also a key element in research School, the film. Articles Limkokwing! As numerous television, newspaper and bus-side adverts tell us throughout the film, ‘The world has collapsed, only Britain soldiers on.’ It is a chilling exploitation of the The Village, natural nationalist sentiment of all peoples, in order to encourage them to inform on immigrants. Nationalism is an issue gaining significance today with the rise of political parties such as the British Nationalist Party and Scottish Nationalist Party. As Anthony Smith posits, “Of all the collective identities which human beings share today, national identity is perhaps the most fundamental and inclusive…other types of collective identity – class, gender, race, religion – may overlap or combine with national identity but they rarely succeed in undermining its hold.” (1991:143) Erik Hobsbawm corroborates this in his claim that the very process of industrialisation and nationalisation throws any notions of territorial ethnic homogeny out of the mechanics University, proverbial window, relying as it does on mass immigration and writing, urbanisation of diverse mixtures of peoples within a single identifiable territory (1993: 156-157). But what happens then, when an immigration of peoples is so huge that the articles Limkokwing, infrastructure of the host nation is threatened? Will religious or ethnic loyalties prevail to support them? Beverly Milton-Edwards claims that ethnic solidarities only survive if they provide security and research writing The Village, status, the reward of which is better than any alternatives (2004:24).

We can certainly see evidence of this in Britain today with the emergence of ethnic movements and the solidifying of the British, Scottish and Welsh nationalist movements. Professional Essay Writing Abbey College! Ethnicities are segregating not assimilating. Hobsbawm and Smith were writing for their times. With the rise of global terrorism and the bombing of London, my time is sadly much less optimistic. The issue of terrorism is explicit in the film, and its examples are not just restricted to terrorist organisations like FISH, but also include state-sponsored terror. Essay! Jasper’s wife, an critiquing journal The University (NAVITAS) academic in the original book, here converted into a journalist too, has apparently been tortured so horrifically by the state, that she has been left in a permanently catatonic state. The themes of state power and militarism are central to essay writing, this film’s portrayal of writing Abbey Cambridge, a semi-fascist state, unapologetically Nazi in its overtones. Aslet identifies as the research The Village School, main cause for the contemporary mistrust of the state and its institutions, “[a] series of spectacular miscarriages of justice, dating from the 1970s,” and also “arising from articles Limkokwing University their abandonment of essay, their old homely persona in favour of a more macho, violent image derived from American television programmes.” (Aslet, 1997:206). Never was this a more relevant statement, as we hear that the Welsh police forces are planning to dispose of their traditional helmets in favour of American SWAT style baseball caps. The shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes in 2005 was also another dire warning of the growing militarism of the police, and a reminder of its innate incompetence. In Children of Men , as we watch Theo enter the ghetto at Bexhill, in writing article School, the background we are shown a truly horrible image.

A man covered in a dirty sheet, standing on a box, with a triangular black hood over his head, his arms outstretched. We have all seen this image in the newspapers of today, taken at the Abu Ghraib prison camp, where British officers were torturing inmates. Research Essay School! In this film we see it taking place, apparently routinely, in the background. All of the news reports of the atrocities committed by British troops in Iraq are brought sharply home to us all. The use of these media images, so recognisable to use today, ties into another theme in the film, that of critiquing journal The University (NAVITAS), government propaganda and media hijacking by the state. The use of the media as a government tool is an essay The Village issue I am personally becoming more and more suspicious of. The words “Britain” and “British” are being slipped into the media lexicon with increasing frequency. British beef, British Burberry, British history, British countryside, etcetera etcetera.

As if eating British foods and visiting the British countryside will somehow make you more British. Jeffrey Richards recognises that “[c]ulture, in particular popular culture, is the battleground for identity. Cinema and marking of Applied, latterly television have played a vital role in defining, mythifying and disseminating national identity.” (1997:xii). The state’s appropriation of research writing, religious, ethnic and linguistic history is part of the formation of what Seton Watson describes as “official nationalisms” which provided an efficient means of spreading appropriated notions of history, ethnicity and language, in order to promote the professional essay, idea of ‘nation’ to the masses, (1977: 148) and research writing School, creating what Benedict Anderson calls “imagined communities” which gave both meaning and legitimacy to the state (1991: 109). This is certainly the case in Children of marking Sciences, Men, where we are bombarded with adverts and essay The Village School, posters encouraging us to professional essay writing Abbey Cambridge, obey the research The Village School, state and who writes newspaper Limkokwing University, inform on immigrants, that Britain is great and that the state is protecting us. This kind of propaganda has been unheard of in Britain since rationing ended, and has always been attributed to wartime necessity. That it should be used today is a signal of regression to this wartime ignorance, where we were told what to do by the state ‘for our own good’. Also the news reports of Diego’s murder, and the subsequent images of public mourning remind us of the deaths of Princess Diana and Ken Bigley, and the displays of irrational public grief which the media fed upon and encouraged during that time. Research The Village School! Hutchings discusses the writing news School, dangers of public hysteria and mass pathology within anti-landscapes, saying that, “[t]he human presence in essay The Village, these landscapes is shown to be diminished through the loss of individuality within a homogenous instinctive crowd or through the absence of humans altogether.” (2004). Ian Pears even calls this kind of mass behaviour distinctly un-British. When considering the funerals of critiquing articles of Northampton, Wellington and Napoleon, he claims that, “[t]he English liked to see themselves as a nation pre-eminently able to produce heroes, but peculiarly resistant to the fawning displays of devotion to them that was so dangerous an element of the French character.” (1992:220) Again, it is a centuries old stereotype, but one that still holds today, of the British and English as emotionally stoic and self-controlled.

Disease, medicine and infertility are some of the most significant elements of the film in reference to Britain today, where the white population is steadily breeding less and less, whether waiting longer to have children, preferencing careers over essay The Village, family, or simply choosing not to critiquing articles The University, have children at all. The immigrant population however, is showing no such reluctance to multiply, much to research writing, the disgruntlement of the white population. Children of Men offers us a vision of a world without children, at a time when our own youth seems to be spiralling into a web of College Cambridge, violence, drug abuse, obesity, sex and alienation. The absence of religion, especially Protestantism as a British institution, has been blamed as a cause of this new pathology, but there are many other reasons for the descent. Research Essay School! Aslet indicated the sexual liberation movement of the 60s as another root cause, saying that, “Since it was the parental generation which created the culture of anything-goes, they cannot be surprised if anything-goes for their children, too. But life was easier in the parents’ time, when the older generation had a firm set of values to rebel against.” (1997:63) In society today, children have no sense of the boundaries of acceptable behaviour, as the state treats them more and more as though they were made of glass.

One reason for this has been the many horrific child-abuse scandals which have rocked both Britain and teacher marking Stenden of Applied, its most prized institutions. Children have become untouchable, and are more and more instilled with a sense of invincibility, so much so that gangs of yobs are now able to ‘happy slap’ strangers on buses, or even kick adult men to death in parks with little fear of reprisal. Richards blames this new cult of violence on The Village the Americanisation of critiquing journal articles of Northampton (NAVITAS), Britain. “The Americanisation of the youth culture, underway since World War One, was completed – and research The Village, the British young now go round in baseball caps, eating Macdonalds, using American slang, watching American films, idolising macho American stars, and supporting a culture that advocates the virtues of extreme individualism, violent self-assertion and writing article Oswestry School, total sexual freedom.” (1997:22) Children of Men does not give us an image of the future of our own violent British youth. It simply removes them, entirely, from the research essay School, planet. It also seems to suggest that we are to Stenden Sciences, blame for this catastrophe, through our own sin or industrial greed and negligence. Certainly society today has to take the blame for the state of our youth, which appears, even within a generation, to be wholly alien to the previous one.

In Britain we are trying to research writing The Village, come to terms with so many issues all at once, it is little wonder our youth are in such a mess. Critiquing Articles! But they are problems we cannot run away from, or blame on research essay writing The Village someone else. They are British issues, which effect the whole population of this island, whatever race or ethnicity, and this is why Children of Men speaks volumes to me, like no other film. We are a changing society, and who writes articles Limkokwing, we are struggling with the process. The stereotypes simply do not fit anymore. I will end this essay with a quote from Jeffrey Richards which I believe sums up our national predicament perfectly. “When a third of research essay writing The Village, young men under thirty have criminal records it is hard to see the gentleness and law abidingness that Orwell so praised. The culture is steeped in violence and images of violence, and where violence rules, tolerance, fair play and restraint go out of the window. As an ever nastier yob culture swirls around us, the national character inexorably changes. Britain is currently undergoing a crisis of national identity as profound as that of the eighteenth century which produced the new sense of Britishness. Evidence of this can be found in a recent Gallup poll which revealed that 48 percent of the British population would like to writing article, emigrate.” (1997:25) Anderson, Benedict. Research Writing School! (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.

Aslet, Clive. (1997) Anyone for mechanics University England?: a Search for British Identity. London: Little, Brown and Company. Behtzi by Gurpreet Kaur Bhatti. Accessed 3 rd jan 2007. Haseler, Stephen (1996) The English Tribe: Identity, Nation and Europe , London: Macmillan Press Ltd. Hobsbawm, E. J. (1993) Nations and Nationalisms since 1780: Progeny, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hutchings, Peter. (2004) ‘Uncanny Landscapes in British Film and Television’. In Visual Culture in Britain vol.5 Issue 2. Essay! p27. Essay Writing Mechanics! Manchester University Press. Milton-Edwards, Beverley. (2004) Contemporary Politics in essay writing The Village, the Middle East . Essay Writing Monash University! Cambridge: Polity Press. Orwell, George 1944 The English People from Collected Essays, Journaism and Letters, volume 2. p.79 London: Harmondsworth 1973. Peabody, Dean (1985) National Characteristics . Essay School! Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pears, Ian. ‘The Gentleman and the Hero: Wellington and Napoleon in the Nineteenth Century’. In Myths of the writing service, English , edited by The Village School, Porter, Roy (1992) Cambridge: Polity Press. Powell, Enoch (April 20 th 1968) ‘Rivers of Blood’. Speech to the Annual General Meeting of the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre. Birmingham.

Full text found at critiquing (NAVITAS), http://the Powell, Enoch (Jan 21 st 1977) ‘The Road to National Suicide: Immigration, the Public Interest and the ‘Uniform of Colour’.’ Speech to writing The Village, a meeting of the Stretford Young Conservatives. Civic Theatre, Stretford, Manchester. Richards, Jeffrey. Mechanics! (1997) Films and British National Identity: From Dickens to Dad’s Army . Manchester: Manchester University Press. Studies in research essay writing School, popular culture series.

Seton-Watson, H. (1977) Nations and States, an Enquiry into the Origins of Nations and the Politics of Nationalism. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press. Smith, Anthony D. (1983) Theories of who writes newspaper articles Limkokwing University, Nationalism . 2 nd edition, London: Duckworth. Smith, Anthony D. (1991) National Identity . School! London: Routledge. Children of writing mechanics, Men , dir. Alfonso Cuaron (United International Pictures, 2006) The Hound of the research essay writing The Village School, Baskervilles, (BBC television, 1968/2002)

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Ketogenic diet does not “beat chemo for almost all cancers” One of the difficult things about writing School science-based medicine is determining what is and isn’t quackery. Professional Writing Abbey. While it is quite obvious that modalities such as homeopathy, acupuncture, reflexology, craniosacral therapy, Hulda Clark’s “zapper,” the Gerson therapy and research School, Gonzalez protocol for cancer, and reiki (not to mention every other “energy healing” therapy) are the rankest quackery, there are lots of treatments that are harder to writing news article Oswestry School, classify. Much of the essay writing The Village time, these treatments that seemingly fall into mechanics University a “gray area” are treatments that have shown promise in animals but have never been tested rigorously in humans or are based on scientific principles that sound reasonable but, again, have never been tested rigorously in humans. (Are you sensing a pattern here yet?) Often these therapies are promoted by essay writing, true believers whose enthusiasm greatly outstrips the evidence base for their preferred treatment. Lately, I’ve been seeing just such a therapy being promoted around the usual social media sources, such as Facebook, Twitter, and the like.

I’ve been meaning to write about it for a bit, but, as is so often the case with my Dug the Dog nature—squirrel!—other topics caught my attention. I’m referring to a diet called the ketogenic diet, and critiquing articles of Northampton, an article that’s been making the rounds since last week entitled “Ketogenic diet beats chemo for writing The Village School, almost all cancers, says Dr. Teacher Of Applied. Thomas Seyfried.” Of course, when I see a claim such as that, my first reaction is, “Show me the evidence.” My second reaction is, “Who is this guy?” Well, Dr. Seyfried is a professor of The Village School biology at Boston College, who’s pretty well published. He’s also working in a field that has gained new respectability over the last five to ten years, namely cancer metabolism, mainly thanks to writing article School, a rediscovery of essay The Village what Otto Warburg discovered over 80 years ago.

What Warburg discovered was that many tumors rely on glycolysis for their energy even in environments with adequate oxygen for oxidative phosphorylation, which generates the writing news article School bulk of the chemical energy used by cells. I described this phenomenon in more detail in a post I did four years ago about research writing The Village School a drug that looks as though its anticancer properties come from its ability to reverse the Warburg effect. What not to do if you want your hypothesis to be taken seriously. So on the surface, Dr. Seyfried’s argument that cancer is primarily a metabolic disease (an argument I’ll look at in more depth shortly) is well within the writing Abbey Cambridge bounds of current oncologic science. Research The Village School. Indeed, a few years ago it was all the rage, and I remember attending several sessions and lectures on the Warburg effect and cancer at the AACR meetings three or four years ago, although, oddly enough, I don’t recall as many the last couple of years.

In any event, if that’s all I looked at, I probably would have shrugged my shoulders and moved on, as in, “Nothing to see here.” But there are quite a few red flags. The first red flag is a claim that a ketogenic diet can treat cancer better than chemotherapy. Of Northampton. The second, even bigger, red flag is on Dr. Writing School. Seyfried’s Boston College web page: In addition, Dr.

Seyfried has worked with noted alternative health advocate Dr. Mercola to service Academy, provide a thought-provoking discussion on the benefits of a ketogenic diet. Dr. Mercola provides a thorough synopsis of the talk on research essay School his website, and also includes the original audio recording of their conversation. Uber -quack Dr. Mercola?

Oh, dear. His evident pride at having been interviewed by Dr. Mercola does not reflect well on Dr. Seyfried’s critical thinking skills and knowledge of who writes Limkokwing medicine. Dr. Essay Writing The Village School. Mercola sells quackery. He has promoted antivaccine views, breast cancer pseudoscience, and College Cambridge, the rankest cancer quackery, such as that of Tullio Simoncini, who believes that all cancer is research The Village, a fungus and that baking soda is the way to treat it, and the Gerson therapy, which involves massive doses of supplements and, of critiquing articles The University of Northampton course, twice-a-day coffee enemas. Research Essay The Village School. Seriously, this is writing International Academy, not the research essay sort of person a legitimate scientist wants to associate himself with—ever—if he wants to essay writing Abbey College Cambridge, be taken seriously. I can see a naive researcher making a mistake and, not realizing who Dr. Mercola is, agreeing to an interview, but that’s the writing sort of thing that a reputable scientist would do his best to disavow and who writes articles Limkokwing, distance himself from. Neither is the American College for Advancement in Medicine (ACAM), which bills itself as the “voice of integrative medicine,” where he’s given a major talk, the sort of organization a legitimate scientist wants to associate himself with if he wants to be taken seriously.

Don’t believe me? Just peruse the ACAM website, where you will find lots of research The Village chelation therapy, including a program to “certify” in chelation therapy and detoxification, as well as other quackery. There’s a good reason that ACAM has appeared in many SBM posts throughout the years, and not in articles University, a favorable light. I emphasize again, this is not an organization with which a scientist who wishes to research essay writing School, be taken seriously by oncologists associates himself. Also, if a scientist wishes to be taken seriously, he shouldn’t say things like this: The low-carb, high-fat ketogenic diet can replace chemotherapy and radiation for articles of Northampton (NAVITAS), even the deadliest of cancers, said Dr. Thomas Seyfried, a leading cancer researcher and professor at Boston College. In an research essay The Village, exclusive interview, Dr. Service London International Academy. Seyfried discussed why the research essay The Village School ketogenic diet has not been embraced by articles Limkokwing, the medical community to treat cancer despite its proven track record both clinically and anecdotally. “The reason why the ketogenic diet is not being prescribed to treat cancer is purely economical,” said Dr. Seyfried, author of Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. “Cancer is big business.

There are more people making a living off cancer than there are dying of research The Village School it.” And don’t associate yourself with Ralph Moss, the number one promoter of laetrile quackery and make easily refuted claims such as the claim that “chemo and radiation do not cure cancer or extend life, although cancer physicians often make this claim” and that radiation “often does more harm than good to the patient.” Given that all Dr. Who Writes Newspaper University. Seyfried has is a couple of case studies as clinical support for his treatment (see below) and I can produce reams of studies over nearly 50 years demonstrating that chemotherapy can cure specific cancers and prolong life when used appropriately, the research essay School “2% gambit” notwithstanding, it’s not a winning proposition, and critiquing journal of Northampton, it sure doesn’t help your credibility to use the language of cancer quacks to promote your idea. So, what, exactly is research writing The Village School, Dr. Seyfried’s hypothesis? Red flags or no red flags, it is, of course, possible that Dr. Articles Limkokwing University. Seyfried is on research writing The Village School to something and Oswestry School, has let his enthusiasm overwhelm his judgment with respect to whom he associates with and the sorts of statements he makes, many of which sound as though they could have come from Stanislaw Burzynski, Ralph Moss, or Joe Mercola. In actuality, he isn’t totally wrong, but he isn’t totally right, either. Research Essay The Village. As is typical of someone without a medical background, in particular an oncology background, he is, basically, putting the cart before the horse, as you will see. In his talk, Dr. Stenden University Sciences. Seyfried begins with what he refers to as a “provocative question”: Is cancer a genetic or metabolic disease?

Actually, whether he realizes it or not, his question is not quite as provocative as he thinks it is, nor is the essay writing School answer anywhere near as clear-cut as he thinks it is or as he characterizes oncologists and cancer researchers as thinking it is. I’ll tell you what I think the answer to the question is after I’ve discussed Dr. Seyfried’s hypothesis. News Article. In the meantime, not surprisingly, his answer is that cancer is a metabolic disease, while everyone else’s answer—according to him, at least—is that it is a genetic disease, making him the brave maverick doctor, who says things like: The current view now, without any question, is that cancer is a genetic disease. School. If you go on journal articles of Northampton the National Cancer Institute website or you read any of the major articles published in Nature and Science , often the articles will start with, “Cancer is a genetic disease.” I think that this has become dogma. Except that it really isn’t, at least not anymore. If you do a Pubmed search on “targeting cancer metabolism,” which is what Dr.

Seyfried is talking about, you’ll find over 22,000 articles, with over 3,000 in 2013 alone, with a sharply increasing curve since 2000 that only now appears to be leveling off. School. A search on “cancer metabolism” brings up 369,000 references, with 28,000 in 2013 alone. Essay Writing Monash. Cancer metabolism is an incredibly important topic in cancer research and research, has been for several years now, and finding means of targeting the common metabolic abnormalities exhibited by cancer cells is currently a hot area of research. Service London. From my perspective, Dr. Essay The Village School. Seyfried is exaggerating how hostile the cancer research community is marking Stenden University of Applied Sciences, towards metabolism as an important, possibly critical, driver of writing cancer, although, to be fair, one prominent cancer researcher, Robert Weinberg, has been very skeptical. To me, Seyfried just appears unhappy that genetics is currently thought—for good reasons, I might add—to be the primary driver of articles most cancers.

Note that I intentionally used such phrasing, because Dr. Seyfried, in my readings, appears all too often to research writing The Village School, speak of “cancer” as if it were a monolithic single disease. As I’ve pointed out many times before, it’s not. Writing News Oswestry. Indeed, only approximately 60-90% of cancers demonstrate the Warburg effect. There are three components to glucose metabolism: glycolysis, which feeds the Krebs citric acid cycle, which in turn feeds oxidative phosphorylation. I show them below in simplified illustrations: The issue with the Warburg effect is writing, that it leads to a shift in metabolism that favors glycolysis. Marking Stenden University Of Applied. As a result of this shift, tumor cells tend to use a lot more glucose than normal cells because glycolysis is much less efficient at converting glucose into ATP molecules used for cellular energy than oxidative phosphorylation.

One reason that this is thought to provide a growth advantage to cancer cells is research essay writing School, because oxidative phosphorylation requires oxygen while glycolysis does not and cancers frequently outgrow their blood supply such that they often live and grow in tissue spaces where there is not much oxygen. In any case, the avidity of cancer cells for glucose has been known a long time and is the basis for positron emission tomography (PET) scanning, where a radiolabeled derivative of glucose is the most commonly used tracer for articles The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), exactly that reason: Tumor cells take it up much more avidly than do normal cells, leading to School, ugly black blobs (old-fashioned PET scans alone) or pretty bright blobs (PET-CT) where there are tumor masses in the scans. The idea behind ketogenic diets is very simple. If glucose is the primary fuel for cancer, then lower carbohydrate intake and replace carbohydrates with other sources of fuel, such as fats, in order to newspaper University, push the body’s metabolism into ketosis. It actually turns out that ketogenic diets are probably useful in the treatment of research essay writing intractable epileptic seizures in children. Unfortunately, their mechanism of action in preventing seizures is unclear, although four potential mechanisms, including carbohydrate reduction, activation of Monash University ATP-sensitive potassium channels by mitochondrial metabolism, inhibition of the mammalian target of research essay writing rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, or inhibition of glutamatergic synaptic transmission (glutamate as a neurotransmitter), have been proposed.

Interestingly, the mTOR pathway is an important signaling pathway in teacher marking Stenden Sciences, many cancers that couples energy and nutrient abundance to the execution of research essay writing The Village cell growth and division, owing to teacher marking University of Applied Sciences, the ability of TOR protein kinase to essay writing The Village, simultaneously sense energy, nutrients and stress and growth factors. Who Writes Articles Limkokwing University. It’s a commonly overactive signaling pathway in The Village, cancer. It’s also interesting that the cancers used to produce the basic science cited by Dr. Writing Oswestry School. Seyfried are virtually all brain cancers and that virtually all the evidence comes from rodent tumor models. For one thing, if there is research essay writing The Village School, a tumor type that exhibits the Warburg effect and a high degree of professional essay writing Abbey Cambridge metabolic derangement, it’s brain tumors. It’s no coincidence that dichloroacetate was first tested in brain tumors. Research Writing. In this study, VM/Dk mice were used, and a mouse histiocytoma cell line resembling human glioblastoma multiforme with macrophage/microglial properties derived from that same mouse strain (VM-M3) was implanted subcutaneously. This cell line has the property of metastasizing quickly and widely when implanted under the skin and allowed to grow, which actually makes it not very much like brain tumors, which seldom metastasize and usually kill through local invasion and writing, taking up increasing volume in the closed space of the skull, something the brain most definitely does not like. The results showed that a ketogenic diet increased mean survival time by over 56%, while a combination of a ketogenic diet and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) increased survival time 78%.

The result is research writing School, interesting, but it is a mouse tumor model, not a human tumor model, and that makes its applicability to humans tenuous, particularly given the nature of the murine tumor, but probably worth investigating further. Another mouse study cited by Seyfried is one in which dietary restriction was reported to promote vessel maturation in a mouse astrocytoma model. Given that tumor angiogenesis is one of my scientific interests and I have a fair number of publications on the topic, I was interested. Unfortunately, I ended up being disappointed. This was another syngeneic model (i.e., a mouse tumor implanted in mice of the same strain from which the professional writing College tumor was isolated as a cell line, like the one discussed above). Although it showed increased tumor vessel maturation (which is one mechanism by essay writing The Village, which inhibitors of angiogenesis work), I wasn’t quite convinced, because there was a distinct lack of teacher Stenden University of Applied quantification of the phenomenon, and the microscopy appears not to have been blinded, something that’s critical to avoid unconscious bias in the results. It’s not surprising that this result, which, if more convincing evidence had been obtained, could easily have appeared in Cancer Research , was published in a low tier journal. It’s an OK study, but not fantastic. Certainly it didn’t lead me to research The Village School, smacking myself in University, forehead and saying, “Of course!” Throughout his talks, both here and elsewhere, Dr.

Seyfried presents mouse studies that are interesting and suggestive that there might be something to this whole ketogenic diet thing, at least in essay writing The Village School, brain tumors, such as this one. However, this is Monash University, what we in the oncology biz would call pretty preliminary data, worthy of further investigation but not supporting the grandiose claims that Dr. Seyfried makes. We need more beef. Research School. We need clinical studies. Unfortunately, they’re in short supply.

Clinical evidence for ketogenic diets as a cancer treatment. It’s not as though Dr. Teacher Stenden University Sciences. Seyfried doesn’t cite clinical evidence. It’s just that the essay The Village evidence is so darned thin and The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), unconvincing thus far. For instance, in this talk, the first study he presents is a very small case series (two patients, actually) performed in 1995 in which two girls with inoperable astrocytomas were placed on research essay writing The Village School a ketogenic diet in order to “determine if a ketogenic state would decrease glucose availability to journal The University, certain tumors, thereby potentially impairing tumor metabolism without adversely affecting the patient’s overall nutritional status.” Interestingly (to me, at least) these case reports came from University Hospitals of Cleveland, where I did my general surgery residency. Essay Writing. In fact, I was still there in 1995. Unfortunately, I don’t have access to the journal back to 1995; so I’m stuck with just the essay writing Abbey College Cambridge abstract. However, the abstract is writing The Village, pretty clear: Within 7 days of article London initiating the research School ketogenic diet, blood glucose levels declined to professional essay writing Cambridge, low-normal levels and blood ketones were elevated twenty to thirty fold. Results of PET scans indicated a 21.8% average decrease in research essay The Village, glucose uptake at the tumor site in both subjects. One patient exhibited significant clinical improvements in mood and new skill development during the professional service London International Academy study.

She continued the ketogenic diet for an additional twelve months, remaining free of disease progression. One notes that the patient who didn’t survive 12 months wasn’t much mentioned; so I assume she didn’t demonstrate any clinical improvement. Writing. In any case, this study doesn’t really show anything, other than that a ketogenic diet might decrease glucose uptake in some brain tumors. It’s like a Burzynski case report, in which we have no idea whether the professional College Cambridge patient did better than expected because of the essay writing School intervention or because she had less aggressive disease. The next case report is from 2010. Newspaper Limkokwing. It describes the essay The Village School case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with progressive memory loss, chronic headaches, nausea, and a right hemisphere multi-centric tumor seen with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Following incomplete surgical resection, the patient was diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Teacher Stenden Sciences. Now here’s the kicker: The patient underwent standard therapy plus the research essay The Village ketogenic diet. A day after her surgery, she underwent a two-day fast, followed by a three day fast beginning a week after surgery, followed by a restricted ketogenic diet (only 600 Cal/day).

Three weeks after her surgery (and two weeks after starting the ketogenic diet) she began standard of care treatment, concomitant radiation plus chemotherapy (temozolomide), “according to standard procedures,” which lasted six weeks. The patient also had a gene mutation in her tumor that produces increased sensitivity to temozolomide. The conclusion? Fortunately for the patient, she had what appears to who writes newspaper, have been a complete response, after which she went on a less restrictive ketogenic diet. Unfortunately, the research writing patient recurred eight months later. By that point, the patient was off of the article ketogenic diet. The authors’ conclusion? Because it was “unlikely” that the tumor would have responded this well on standard therapy alone, it must have been adding the ketogenic diet that done it.

Worse, in the talk, Dr. Research Essay Writing The Village. Seyfried strongly implies that the tumor recurred because she had gone off the ketogenic diet two and a half months before her recurrence. Irritatingly, during the same talk, Dr. Seyfried refers to having done a “biopsy” on the GBM when the case report clearly says that the patient underwent a partial excision of the temporal pole with incomplete debulking of the news article tumor, which is a different thing. When a surgeon tries to debulk a tumor, he is essay The Village, trying to essay writing mechanics University, remove as much of it as possible. When a surgeon biopsies a tumor, he is trying only to essay writing The Village School, get enough tissue to make a diagnosis. He also heaps scorn on the hospital for insisting that the patient undergo standard of care therapy, clearly demonstrating that he has no understanding of clinical trial ethics. What most likely happened with this patient is that the debulking was significant, and the remaining tumor was small enough to be eliminated by the combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy—at least to the point of no longer being detectable on PET scan. Abbey College. Also, just because the writing diet appears to teacher marking Stenden University, have decreased glucose uptake by the tumor doesn’t mean that the tumor was dying. In fact, it might have even made the PET scan less sensitive to whatever remaining viable tumor cells might still have been around, a possibility that I don’t see Dr.

Seyfried as having considered. There are other studies, but little or nothing in the way of essay The Village randomized clinical trials. For instance, a recent retrospective study of 53 patients, of whom only six followed a ketogenic diet while being treated for GBM, concluded that the diet was safe, but no suggestion of efficacy was noted. More recently, a German group examined the effect of a ketogenic diet on 16 patients with advanced cancer of various types who had exhausted all therapeutic options. Writing University. The treatment didn’t result in essay writing The Village, any serious side effects, although subjects found it very difficult to maintain the mechanics Monash University diet, particularly in the context of research writing The Village School family life. Only five were able to complete the three month treatment period, and it was reported that these five didn’t have progression while on the diet. Of the remaining 11, two died early, one was unable to tolerate the diet and critiquing journal articles The University (NAVITAS), dropped out very quickly, two dropped out for personal reasons, one couldn’t continue the diet for more than a month and three had disease progression within less than 2 months of research writing The Village School starting the diet and one dropped out to resume chemotherapy. As a whole, this study was well-nigh uninterpretable due to the different kinds of cancer, other than to conclude that less than 50% of patients with advanced cancer could adhere to the diet, and Stenden Sciences, that those who could generally had no significant side effects.

Of course, it’s unclear whether the diet helped the research essay writing The Village School five who could adhere to it or whether those who adhered to it could do so because they had more indolent, less aggressive disease. None of this stops Dr. Seyfried from concluding: Preclinical and case report studies indicated that the restricted ketogenic diet (R-KD) can be an effective “metabolic therapy” for managing malignant brain cancer in children and adults. The therapeutic effects of the R-KD against brain cancer can be enhanced when combined with drugs or HBOT that also target energy metabolism. Uh, no. Not exactly. Preclinical experiments are intriguing but fairly limited in applicability, and the case reports demonstrate nothing of the sort.

There’s more to Dr. Seyfried’s hypothesis, for example, his idea that metastatic cancer comes about mechanics University because of alterations in glutamine metabolism, but unfortunately he appears to misunderstand the genetics of metastasis when he bases part of research essay writing School his conclusion on observations that metastatic cancers often have the essay writing Abbey College same genetic derangements as the essay School primary tumor. It’s been a longstanding question whether clones of tumor cells possess the ability to newspaper articles Limkokwing, metastasize as an essay writing, intrinsic part of the process of becoming cancer cells or whether they acquire it later. Given that evolution is a major force driving cancer cells to become more invasive and that tumors are very heterogeneous, full of lots of different clones with different sets of genetic mutations, Dr. Seyfried’s hypothesis is at best simplistic. Also disappointingly, the evidence for any diet as a treatment for professional writing Cambridge, cancer is weak at writing School best. Putting the cart before the professional essay College Cambridge horse. Clearly, ketogenic diets are not ready for research writing, prime time as a treatment for cancer, either alone or in combination with conventional therapy. Unfortunately, that hasn’t stopped it from being touted by all manner of alternative cancer practitioners (i.e., quacks) and teacher of Applied, others as a cancer cure that “they” don’t want you to know about research essay The Village School or saying things like, “…it’s nothing short of medical malpractice and essay University, negligence to fail to integrate this type of dietary strategy into a patient’s cancer treatment plan,” as Joe Mercola did. Dr. Seyfried himself has contributed to the hyperbole quite a bit as well.

For example: These studies are all in combination with either radiation or chemotherapy. My preference is to start metabolic therapy with GBM (glioblastoma multiforme). This is essay writing The Village School, a devastating type of brain cancer. Metabolic therapy with a restricted KD could be done with a few tumors where you know the essay College Cambridge conventional standard of care doesn’t work at all. Essay. You would choose those kinds of writing Monash patients and do a clinical trial based on historical controls and see what the outcome would be and see if you could get some level of survival that would match or be better than the conventional standard of care. Regular readers of SBM should know the problem with this sort of approach. No IRB worth its salt would approve such a trial because it would be ethically dubious, but, even worse, it would be ethically dubious and it wouldn’t really tell us anything unless those few patients either had near-miraculous responses or died very quickly. Anything else would simply tell us that the diet is probably doing no harm. More numbers would be needed, particularly if the comparison is to historical controls, to get even an inkling of essay The Village School whether there might be benefit.

In that case, you might as well do a proper phase I/II clinical trial, which is what is newspaper articles Limkokwing, happening. For instance: Calorie-restricted, Ketogenic Diet and Transient Fasting During Reirradiation for The Village, Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma (ERGO2), a randomized clinical trial designed to evaluate whether a calorie-restricted, ketogenic diet and transient fasting can enhance the efficacy of writing reirradiation in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Pilot Study of research writing School a Metabolic Nutritional Therapy for the Management of professional essay writing Abbey College Primary Brain Tumors (Ketones), a phase I pilot study in my neck of the woods (at least in my state) looking at research The Village School the same sort of diet. Writing Abbey Cambridge. Ketogenic Diet as Adjunctive Treatment in Refractory/End-stage Glioblastoma Multiforme: a Pilot Study, a small pilot study designed to examine the effect of a ketogenic diet in refractory GBM being treated with Avastin. Ketogenic Diet With Radiation and Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma, a phase I/II trial designed to test whether a ketogenic diet enhances the efficacy of radiation and chemotherapy. In other words, clinical data should be rolling in fairly soon, and research essay The Village School, that’s a good thing.

In the meantime Dr. Seyfried and other advocates who so passionately believe that ketogenic diets will greatly help patients with brain cancer do no one any favors by claiming unequivocally that cancer is a metabolic disease and saying that ketogenic diets are more beneficial than chemotherapy for patients with brain tumors. This brings me back to the question of service London whether cancer is a metabolic disease or a genetic disease, the answer to which I promised early on. The likely answer? It’s both! Indeed, a “chicken or the egg” argument continues about whether it is the metabolic abnormalities that cause the mutations observed in cancer cells or whether it is the mutations that produce the metabolic abnormalities. Most likely, it’s a little of both, the exact proportion of which depending upon the tumor cell, that combine in research writing The Village, an unholy synergistic circle to drive cancer cells to be more and more abnormal and essay writing mechanics Monash, aggressive.

Moreover, cancer is about far more than just the genomics or the research writing The Village metabolism of cancer cells. It’s also the immune system and the tumor microenvironment (the cells and connective tissue in which tumors arise and grow). As I’ve said time and time and newspaper Limkokwing, time again, cancer is complicated, real complicated. The relative contributions of genetic mutations, metabolic derangements, immune cell dysfunction, and research essay School, influences of the microenvironment are likely to mechanics University, vary depending upon the type of tumor and, as a consequence, require different treatments. Research. In the essay writing mechanics end, as with many hyped cancer cures, the ketogenic diet might be helpful for some tumors and almost certainly won’t be helpful for others. Dr. Seyfried might be on to something, but he’s gone a bit off the deep end in apparently thinking that he’s found out something about cancer that no one else takes seriously—or has even thought of before. Dr. Research Writing The Village School. Gorski's full information can be found here, along with information for patients. Professional College. David H. Research Writing School. Gorski, MD, PhD, FACS is a surgical oncologist at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute specializing in breast cancer surgery, where he also serves as the American College of Surgeons Committee on Cancer Liaison Physician as well as an article, Associate Professor of Surgery and writing, member of the faculty of the Graduate Program in Cancer Biology at Wayne State University.

If you are a potential patient and found this page through a Google search, please check out Dr. Gorski's biographical information, disclaimers regarding his writings, and notice to patients here.

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15 August Independence Day Essay In Hindi, English for Kids. Essay The Village. 15 August Independence Day Essay In Hindi, English for Kids , India Independence Day Essay for Students, Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 , 15 August, Independence Day Essay in Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit, Marathi also searched by many people around different states in India.. On this occasion of 15 August Independence Day , India is going to celebrate their 69 th Independence Day and writing Oswestry School, many people around the world are busy in searching Independence Day Essay and The Village, Independence Day Speech or 15 August Speech online for their kids, Children. The Independence Day Essays for Stenden University of Applied Sciences, kids must be very simple in content, which should include topics like National Flag, National songs, celebrations, States capitals, leaders Significant Dates etc. Each topic can be described in one or two line to make it 206-210 words. The following are the best samples for 15 August Essay or Independence Day Essay for Kids , You can check out research School, below !! 15 August Independence Day Essay In Hindi For Kids. 15 August Independence Day Essay In Hindi for Kids. 15 August Independence Day Essay In Hindi For Kids.

1.) Before 15th August, 1947, India was ruled by Britishers. India became free on 15th August 1947. The day is celebrated as Independence Day every year. On this day in 1947, our first Prime Minster Jaw Lai Nehru hoisted the teacher Stenden University of Applied, National Flag at the Red Fort Delhi. He also delivered a message to the nation. Si then it is research essay The Village, celebrated every year at the Red Fort. Writing Oswestry School. A V number of research essay writing The Village School men, women and children come to watch celebrations. Essay Mechanics University. A salute of essay writing The Village School twenty one guns is fired and the Nation Anthem is played. The Prime Minister delivers a mess to the nation. This day is celebrated in professional essay Abbey, every part of in the schools; the research School, Principals hoist the National and writing College Cambridge, deliver speeches.

At night the national buildings illuminated. Research. Many people celebrate this day by fl#8217; kites. The day reminds us of the newspaper articles Limkokwing, sacrifice made by School, patriots and martyrs. ( Independence Day Essay In English For Kids ) 2.) 15th August is our Independence Day. It is a red letter day for Indians. On this day we won our freedom from foreign rule. It came after a long and hard struggle. We made many great sacrifices to win our freedom. Our national flag was unfurled on the ramparts of the Red Fort for the first time on 15th August it was hoisted by our beloved Chacha Nehru. This day is celebrated throughout the country. But the main function is held at the Red Fort in Delhi where the Prime Minister hoists the National Flag. Celebrations are also held in the state capitals.

The Governor or the Chief Minister unfurls the tricolour and takes salute. The National Anthem is also sung. The Red Fort ceremony is marked by a guard of honour presented to the Prime Minister and a salute of 21 guns. The military bands play our national song. Then there is an important speech by the Prime Minister. It is a day of national holiday. All the shops, establishments, factories, offices, etc. are closed. This historic day reminds us of many great patriots who sacrificed their lives to win us freedom.

We must struggle and work hard to maintain our freedom. In schools also the tricolour is hoisted on this day. Some important leader or the principal then addresses the who writes articles Limkokwing University, gathering. In the evening there is illumination of research essay School government buildings. Kavi Sammelans, Mushairas and Kavi Darbars are also held on the occasion. ( Independence Day 2015 Essay In English For Kids ) 15th August 1947 Independence Day 2015. 3.) India became independent on 15th August, 1947 after a long struggle. Jawaharlal Nehru, who had spent the prime of his life in British jails while fighting against writing Abbey, the mighty British Empire, became the essay School, first Prime Minister of India and hoisted the Indian flag, tricolor, on the ramparts of the Red Fort in journal of Northampton (NAVITAS), Delhi at 12:00 pm as the zero hour for 15th August started on this date in 1947. He called the research The Village School, moment India’s “tryst with destiny”.

Since then 15th August is celebrated every year as Independence Day. The main festival is held in Delhi. The Prime Minister of India hoists the tricolor early in the morning on the ramparts of the Red Fort before a mammoth gathering of essay writing College Cambridge Indian and foreign dignitaries, VIPs and research School, common people. He makes a speech from behind a bullet proof glass cabin. In his speech, he explains the achievements and policies of the government and highlights the projects in hand. Who Writes Newspaper Articles Limkokwing University. He lists the major problems of the country and how the government wants to address and harness them. Small functions are held in research writing, all towns and cities and even in some big villages. In state capitals, the Chief Ministers and at professional essay writing College Cambridge, other places Governors and other dignitaries such as Deputy Commissioners, senior police officers, Mayors of research writing The Village School Municipal Corporation, etc. hoist the national flag.

In schools and colleges the Presidents of Managing Committees or Principals of the institutions concerned do the ceremony. In all cases, the function always ends with the recitation of the National Anthem with due respect and regard. ( 15 August Independence Day Essay For Kids ) 4.) India won freedom from the British on August 15, 1947. Since then August 15 is celebrated as an Independence Day every year with great enthusiasm. Writing News Article. The Independence Day is a day of pride and happiness for research essay writing The Village School, all of us throughout the country. On this day our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the National Flag at the Red Fort for professional article writing service London, the first time. Since then this day is celebrated as a National festival. The Prime Minister takes the research writing The Village, salute and marking Stenden University Sciences, the guard of essay honor from the three wings of army, navy and air force. Prime Minister gives the message in his speech. This day is celebrated all over India.

The day is celebrated with great pomp and show in Delhi. Articles The University (NAVITAS). In schools, colleges and other educational institutions, the research essay The Village, national flag is unfurled by the Principal. The National flag is also unfurled at all district head quarters by district collectors or political leaders who read out the state governor#8217;s message. The Independence Day is a day of remembrance. This day reminds us the sacrifice of professional article Academy patriots who lost their lives for the freedom of the country.

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Extremism In Pakistan Essays and Research Papers. Understanding the Phenomenon of Religious Terrorism in Pakistan Pakistan has ended up as a target for the Taliban and Al Qaeda . forces through a strange spiral of research essay writing The Village School, events which were triggered after 9/11. Terrorism has reached new and essay writing Abbey College Cambridge, disturbingly dangerous heights. Research School. Not a week seems to goes by anymore without an attack resulting in the death of countless innocent victims. The economy of the country has been severely affected. Hundreds of thousands of people have left their homes to avoid cross fire.

Al-Qaeda , Osama bin Laden , Pakistan 1542 Words | 4 Pages. Pakistan Introduction With a population of teacher University of Applied, around 180 million, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. It is . not one of the richest, but World Bank figures show that its economy has grown at research essay writing The Village School 6.6% a year for the past six years, and so it is an important market for many multinational brands. Furthermore, since media deregulation in 2003 an industry of who writes, just one state-owned television channel and three or four newspapers has blossomed into one of the largest and most vibrant media. Advertising , GEO News , Geo TV 864 Words | 3 Pages.

THE FUTURE OF EXTREMISM IN PAKISTAN. The Future of Extremism in Pakistan A Twenty Year Forward Look to 2028 Jan Consulting is a Private Limited Company . registered in England and Wales Jan Consulting VIOLENT EXTREMISM IN PAKISTAN “ Extremism ” is politically loaded term that can mean different things to different people Refers to ideas/mindsets that are assumed to be rejected by vast majority of people in a particular society Connotes illegitimacy of those views Can be associated with violent. Democracy , Demography , Economics 1942 Words | 21 Pages. Extremism: Political Philosophy and International Political Issues. security experts believe that extremism and terrorism have a cause and research essay writing, effect relation. Who Writes Newspaper Articles University. If this were true, it would be almost impossible for . Pakistan to tackle the issues of research writing, terrorism and militancy without effectively responding to growing extremism and radicalism in the country. Countering extremism and extremist ideologies is an important component of the current debate on internal security and Sciences, counterterrorism. Though extremism has yet to be defined in Pakistan at research essay School least there is a consensus in.

Pakistan , Political philosophy , Political science 981 Words | 3 Pages. program which is based upon teacher marking Stenden Sciences, philosophy” Ideology of Pakistan Pakistan’s ideology was based on the Islamic principle of “the only research essay writing School sovereign is . Allah. Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith based on the Islamic principles. They should have all the resources at the disposal to enhance Islamic culture and civilization. Quid-e-Azam once said: Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national.

Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Federally Administered Tribal Areas 888 Words | 3 Pages. ? POVERTY IN PAKISTAN CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Poverty Condition in Pakistan 3. Definition 4. Causes of Poverty in . Pakistan Government Policies Poor Governance Corruption Unemployment Overpopulation Education 5. Teacher Marking Stenden Sciences. Remedies to research School Overcome Poverty in Pakistan 6. Conclusion INTRODUCTION The word poverty derived from Latin word “pauper” means “poor”. Poverty refers to the condition of not having the writing Oswestry School means to afford basic human needs such as clean water. Basic needs , Governance , Indus River 1800 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorism in essay The Village, Pakistan The term terrorism comes from French terrorisme, from Latin: 'terror', great fear, dread, related to mechanics University the Latin . verb terrere, to School frighten. Though terrorism has no accepted definition, yet it can be defined as the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aim or the calculated use of violence or threat of violence against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature, this is done through intimidation. Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Pakistan 2376 Words | 7 Pages. and peace. Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. But the worst condition of education in critiquing articles of Northampton, Pakistan reflects the fact that . it is unable to defend its own sector.

Though 62 years have passed and essay writing The Village School, 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the College Cambridge educational sector is waiting for an effective educational reforms. School. With respect to Human Development Index, Pakistan has been placed by UNDP at 136th position, lower than some of its regional neighbors like Sri Lanka, Maldives. Education , Functional illiteracy , Higher education 1694 Words | 5 Pages. DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN OUTLINES 1. Critiquing Articles Of Northampton. Introduction 2. What is research writing, democracy? 3. Nature of professional, democracy. 4. Beginning of essay The Village, democracy 5. Democracy since . Article Writing Service International Academy. creation 6. Causes of failure of democracy 7. Impacts of democracy 8. Measures for the survival of democracy 9. Conclusion “The essence of democracy is its assurance that people should so respect himself and should be so respected in his own personality that he should have opportunity equal to that of research writing School, every other human being to show what he was meant. Communism , Democracy , Feudalism 1562 Words | 5 Pages.

meaning of Jinnah’s Pakistan and compare with the today meanx of pakistan ?? * Why pakistan is facing a serious . image problem in the global community today?? * Media spoil the image of pakistan .. Are u agree with that or not?? * Why media show only critiquing The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) our bad aspect instead of showing good aspect in media?? * Atomic power (Dr.Abdul Qadeer Khan) * Aarfa Kareem * Pakistan’s historical places, festivals, food etc… * Won 1992 world cup * View of pakistan who live in foreign. Better , British Raj , History of Pakistan 707 Words | 3 Pages. achieve these goals. [11] Terrorism in research essay School, Pakistan has become a major and Monash University, highly destructive phenomenon in recent years. The annual death toll . from terrorist attacks has risen from 164 in 2003 to 3318 in 2009, with a total of 35,000 Pakistanis killed as of 2010. The Village School. According to the government of Pakistan , the direct and indirect economic costs of terrorism from 2000-2010 total $68 billion.[1] President Asif Ali Zardari, along with former President ex- Pakistan Army head Pervez Musharraf, have admitted.

Al-Qaeda , Inter-Services Intelligence , Mujahideen 1872 Words | 6 Pages. Emergence of Pakistan : The Indian Independence Act was passed by the British Parliament on news article Oswestry July 18, 1947, giving rise to the Indian Union and research School, . Pakistan . It also saw the end of British raj in India from August 15, 1947. The Muslims of the sub-continent had finally achieved their goal to have an independent state after a long and relentless struggle under the single-minded guidance of the who writes Limkokwing Quaid. Research Writing The Village School. Pakistan emerged on the map of the world in 1947. This came about beacuse of the Two-Nation Theory of which. India , Indian independence movement , Indian National Congress 1242 Words | 4 Pages.

Good Governance in Pakistan . OUTLINES: 1. Introduction 2. Definition of Governance 3. Stenden Sciences. Governance in Pakistan . Research Essay Writing School. 4. Failures of . Who Writes Newspaper Limkokwing. Governance in Pakistan 5. Causes of failures: 1. Writing. Political commotion 2. No democratic setup 3. Military intrusion 4. Feudal indulgence 5. Massive Corruption 6. Constitutional crises 7. Institutional clashes 8. Mismanagement of newspaper University, resources 9. Lack of Accountability 10. Over Exploitation of funds 11. Restrictions on media 12. Ethnic conflicts 13. Secterianism . Accountability , Decision making , Decision theory 1680 Words | 6 Pages. Social problem of pakistan 1. Poverty 2. Illiteracy 3.Terrorism 4.Food and research essay writing The Village School, water crisis 5.Population growth . 6.Poor health facilities 7.Internal and news School, international migration 8.Discrimination of Sex 9.democracy in shape of dictatorship 10.unloyal leaders 11.Foregin debt 12.Child labor 13.Deviant behavior 14.discourage the rules of law from government representatives 15.inflation . Drought , Gymnasium , Higher education 642 Words | 3 Pages. 17-31 PAKISTAN JIHAD: THE MAKING OF RELIGIOUS TERRORISM . Essay Writing School. Dr Eamon Murphy amp; Dr Ahmad Rashid Malik Dr Eamon Murphy is Professor of History and International Relations, Division of Humanities, at Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia. Critiquing Journal (NAVITAS). Dr Ahmad Rashid Malik is Research Fellow, Islamabad Policy Research Institute (IPRI), Islamabad, Pakistan . The article written by Dr. India , International Atomic Energy Agency , Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty 1221 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception; it has been surrounded by countless issues, some of which are . confined to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and essay writing The Village, technologies, the Kashmir controversy and other fronts also involving an ever-ready enemy to underscore its efforts towards progress.

Despite being rich in natural resources, Pakistan has so far been a developing country with limited development in every. Economic development , Economic growth , Economics 1700 Words | 6 Pages. ECONOMICS PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN AND THERE SOLOUTION Pakistan is articles, one of those developing . countries which are facing through the economic problems which are hindering the success and the growth of the country. Research Essay Writing The Village School. There are so many economic problems in Pakistan which are getting threatening and news Oswestry School, devastating day by day and if they are remained unattended than the conditions might even get to worse. Here are few crucial economic problems. Capital accumulation , Economic growth , Economics 836 Words | 3 Pages. oath as Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan on Monday, the research School 23rd July, 2012 8.Barack Obama (born August 4, 1961) became the forty-fourth . President of the United States, on January 20, 2009 9. Barack Obama is a member of the US Democratic Party. Professional Article Writing International. Their symbol is the The Village donkey 10. Osama Bin Laden: Date of Death – 2nd May 2011 11. Inspector General of Police (IGP) Punjab Pakistan is Muhammad Habib-ur-Rehman 12.

Current Chief Justice of marking Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Supreme Court Pakistan is ch.Muhammad iftekhar 13. Research Essay Writing The Village. G-20 Summit. Barack Obama , Benazir Bhutto , Democratic Party 1183 Words | 4 Pages. Extremism Today Extremism is the act of taking on extreme views and essay University, actions to essay writing The Village School make a statement. This way of thinking seems to . be on the rise in who writes articles University, the world today. Many groups of people have gone to this level of thinking. These groups consist of very different mind sets. One mind set is the essay The Village radical extremists. These types of people go out very extreme lengths to get their message out; sometimes these lengths can even be deadly.

There is one group and one date that first comes to mind when thinking. Branch Davidian , David Koresh , Mount Carmel Center 1089 Words | 3 Pages. Failure of democracy in Pakistan : Pakistan , since its day of inception, has faced several challenges to establish a true . Marking University. democratic system, which could guarantee its survival, stability and writing The Village, development. Unfortunately, the plant of essay writing Monash University, democracy has not taken its roots deep enough to make the country, “a durable democratic state”. Pakistan was conceived on the Islamic ideology which is truly democratic both in letter and spirit, but we remained incapable of writing The Village School, sticking to the guiding principles of Islam. Democracy , Direct democracy , Government 1801 Words | 5 Pages. Critique Whither Pakistan? A five-year forecast Whither Pakistan ? A five-year forecast In international relations, peacetime is not only the absence of war or conflict, but also the writing news article Oswestry School . presence of research writing The Village School, cultural and economic understanding. We often say things without really realizing what we are saying.

It does not make sense to take moral umbrage at the expression of such opinions and writing news, label people with differing perceptions as traitors followed by the use of force to coerce them into staying together. That kind of a reaction can further strengthen. Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Lahore 2005 Words | 5 Pages. 2002 to more than 7,000 today.5 US Views About drones: War on terror started to securitize people from School, terrorists and drones are the main equipment to . securitize people. According to US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta “ Drones attacks protected Pakistan people as well as US”6 He further said that drones attacks only target the militants and are not counterproductive. Further he said We are fighting a war in teacher Stenden University of Applied, the FATA, we are fighting a war against terrorism, US believes that drones attacks. Al-Qaeda , Drone attacks in Pakistan , MQ-1 Predator 2789 Words | 7 Pages. Personal Response on Wither Pakistan Pakistan emerged as a separate homeland for Muslims by assiduous hard work and research essay writing School, enormous sacrifices of Muslims. The pioneers of . Pakistan movement dreamed of a state that could offer a peaceful milieu for free exercise of religion and attainment of one’s rights.

It is highly disheartening to see the state crippled by the ethnic conflicts, religious extremism , terrorism and dissension between the public and University of Applied Sciences, government. The article, “Whither Pakistan ? A five-year forecast”, was published on June 3, 2009. History of Pakistan , Islamabad , Pakistan 2143 Words | 6 Pages. security and advancing Pakistan’s development agenda for progress and prosperity following the guiding principles laid out by our founding fathers. . Guiding Principles of research writing, Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Founder of Pakistan and its first Governor General, in a broadcast talk to the people of the USA in College Cambridge, February 1948, outlined the following goals of Pakistan’s foreign policy: “Our foreign policy is research essay The Village School, one of friendliness and goodwill towards all the nations of the world. Asia , Diplomacy , Foreign policy 1282 Words | 5 Pages. Major Problems Facing Pakistan Today.

MAJOR PROBLEMS FACING PAKISTAN TODAY Introduction:- . Article Writing London International Academy. Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception, it has been surrounded by research writing, countless issues including but not limited to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and journal The University, technologies, imposed conflicts at Kashmir and other fronts and research writing School, an ever-ready enemy to underscore all the writing efforts towards. Demographics of writing The Village, Pakistan , Developing country , India 956 Words | 4 Pages. History and Education in Pakistan. ?There is a side to who writes newspaper articles Pakistan most of us are blind to. A lot of research essay writing School, issues came into my mind after watching the movie 'Khamosh Pani'. . Extremism , the article service London International Academy unfair treatment of women in our society, and research writing The Village, implication of Zia-Ul-Haq's polices are some of them. On a personal level, the character that I could relate the most, was Saleem. In this movie, Saleem represented an undereducated and who writes articles Limkokwing University, easy-to-influence character who became a victim of the preachers of fundamentalism. The Village School. Despite of teacher University, being highly motivated to succeed. Education , Higher education , Madrasah 1271 Words | 4 Pages. Terrorism and Pakistan S Government. structure of Pakistan . For the purpose it necessary to know and discuss the research writing The Village School core reasons behind this social today this social menace has . become complicated and writing School, hazardous enough to essay The Village School disturb the whole globe in a single event as in the case of September 9 terrorist attack on Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City.

The meaning and interpretation of terrorism after this event has entirely been changed however certain old reasons of writing Monash, terrorism do persist specially in Pakistan . Social, Economic. 7 July 2005 London bombings , Counter-terrorism , Hostage 1162 Words | 4 Pages. ? pakistan / Impact of essay School, Afghan War on Pakistan By Falak Sher Khan • Apr 16th, 2009 . • Category: Politics • 7 Comments Afghanistan the neighboring country of Pakistan has been in war since one can remember. From Mongol Emperors to Russian invasion and now the country is essay writing mechanics Monash, facing war on terror. These wars have shattered the base of Afghanistan and left it in The Village School, ruins. It lacks proper administration, governance, and communication infrastructure. The Statistics. Afghanistan , Al-Qaeda , Operation Enduring Freedom 1340 Words | 4 Pages.

?“Leonard Pitts: Extremism , violence come in all shades and marking Stenden of Applied Sciences, colors” Being passionate is healthy; being overly obsessed for your passion can . sometimes be a detriment. This can also go for essay writing, an extremist, depending on their interest. Writing Monash. As a young adult finding my way through conversations of my peers, parents, coaches, and teachers I sometimes feel their passion can be to the extreme of pushing me away while keeping my opinions to myself. While many try to maintain their audiences attention to show there. Critical thinking , Extremism , Far left 642 Words | 2 Pages. Political Instability in Pakistan. Injustice Social injustice does not only effect the life of a common man but also jeopardize national machinery. Unfortunately, Islamic Republic of . Pakistan stands on the top of those countries where social injustice prevails at research writing every level of the society. Citizens of Pakistan are unaware of social justice concept and its effects on service London International Academy society.

Pakistan’s civil and military rulers and The Village School, elite class have been plundering this country since independence. They have always been claiming that they are. Balochistan , Iran , Islam 1149 Words | 4 Pages. THE THREAT OF EXTREMISM IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS Abstract: What is extremism ? What . are its causes and what are the possible repercussions in today’s world? Those questions are important in regards to the future of the modern world. The Psychological Approach gives several explanations for extreme behavior. National as well as International threats can result from extremist political parties or groups, such as economic downturns and social clashes in a.

Communism , Communist state , Extremism 3302 Words | 11 Pages. What is hate and extremism exactly? There are many types of hate crimes and extremism . Hate groups are an organized group or . movement that advocates and practices hatred, hostility, or violence towards members of a group that represents a race, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexual orientation. Professional Article London International Academy. Extremism is the holding of extreme political or religious views. What is a hate crime or group? What is research writing The Village, extremism ? What do they both have to do with each other?

What do they have in common? Hate crimes happen. Assault , Crimes , Hate crime 912 Words | 3 Pages. Hurdles Impeding Development of Pakistan. What are development issues in Pakistan identify the obsession hurdles impeding development of Pakistan ? Scarred from . birth, Pakistan's quest for professional article writing International, survival has been as compelling as it has been uncertain.

Pakistan cycled through a number of research, phases of development through its beginning Political, Social and Economic crises. Critiquing Journal The University (NAVITAS). The politicians were corrupt, interested in maintaining their political power and securing the interests of the elite, so to have them as the essay representative authority did. Democracy , Human rights , Law 2246 Words | 7 Pages. SUICIDE BOMBING IN PAKISTAN – CAUSES AND REMEDIES DETAILED ANALYSIS AND OPINION. Suicide bombing in Pakistan started after 9/11. Today Pakistan is the biggest victim of terrorism. After 9/11 incident, . Pakistan supported the war on terror in Afghanistan. Journal The University Of Northampton (NAVITAS). That war effected Pakistan very much. As border was not sealed so most of the Talibans ran away from Afghanistan to Pakistan . They were given shelter by the people of tribal areas of Pakistan because of their tradition of hospitality and The Village School, clan bonding. As already Afghans were in refugee camps in Pakistan , so it was difficult. 7 July 2005 London bombings , Al-Qaeda , Kamikaze 1876 Words | 4 Pages.

Sectarianism and teacher marking Stenden Sciences, Conflict the View from Pakistan. Crone and Mona Kanwal Sheikh ShEhRyaR FazlI Sectarianism and Conflict: The View from Pakistan June 2012 Pakistan’s tribal belt that . borders Afghanistan is widely believed to be the The Village School epicentre of militancy in Pakistan , its immediate neighbourhood, and even beyond. The largely Pashtun Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) is frequently identified as the source of any major terrorist plot in Pakistan , Afghanistan, and indeed even Western cities – most recently New York in the May 2010 Times. Al-Qaeda , Extremism , Islam 2378 Words | 7 Pages. management in Pakistan By Irshad Ali Sodhar (FSP) Outline 1. Introduction 2. Disaster; definition and types 3. Essay Mechanics. Disaster management 4. . Phases of disaster management; a. Mitigation b. Writing The Village. Preparedness c. Response d. Who Writes Newspaper Articles University. Recovery 5. History of disasters in Pakistan 6. Disaster in the wake of essay The Village School, recent floods 7. Structure of disaster management in Pakistan 8. Role of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) 9. Abysmal state of teacher Stenden Sciences, disaster preparedness and management in Pakistan 10. Essay School. Impacts. Business continuity planning , Disaster area , Emergency management 2079 Words | 7 Pages. Extremism amp; Talibinazation • Introduction. • Different types of Extremism . • Characteristics of professional essay Abbey College Cambridge, religious . Extremism . • Characteristics of Talibinazation. • Difference between fundamentalism and extremism . o Fundamentalism, rigid but focused on self correction. o Extremism , rigid and cohersive but focused at forcefully molding behavior of others. • Roots of Extremism in Pakistani society. o Soviet war in Afghanistan o Rise of Kalashnikov amp; Drugs culture. Writing The Village. o Proxy wars of other. Economics , Extremism , Islam 2805 Words | 9 Pages. Democracy in marking Stenden of Applied Sciences, Pakistan , Scope and Challenges By Shafqat Aziz Almost a quarter century has been passed since the death of research essay School, Gen. Zia, the . ruthless military dictator occurred in a plane crash near Bahawalpur, a town in the southern part of Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Today, apparently no mainstream political party in Pakistan owns (at least publically) him. However, the question arises here that does this fact make this notorious character irrelevant in the social and who writes articles, political life of Pakistan ? The answer. Benazir Bhutto , Intolerance , Islam 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Assignment of Macroeconomics Topics What are The major Imports of pakistan ? and For What purpose Pakistan . Imports goods? Submitted by Muhammad Younus 1010-BBA63 Imports An import is any good or service brought into one country from another country in a legitimate fashion, typically for use in trade. Import goods or services are provided to essay writing The Village domestic consumers by foreign producers. An import in the receiving. Import , International trade , Malaysia 521 Words | 3 Pages. Pakistan ?s wheat production in newspaper, marketing year (MY) 2012/13 (May/April) is research, estimated at 23.0 million tons, down five percent relative to who writes newspaper Limkokwing University . previous year?s record harvest of 24.2 million tons. Wheat area harvested is research essay The Village School, witnessing a declining trend and has decreased by five percent during the last two years.

Last year, the Government of Pakistan (GOP) procured 6.4 million tons of wheat from the teacher marking University Sciences local production, but has yet to writing The Village School announce a procurement target for Monash University, this year?s harvest. Trade sources estimate. Irrigation , Pakistan , Punjab 2504 Words | 7 Pages. Question: The Government of Pakistan offers health care for free or at research essay writing nominal rates in public hospitals. Does this act like a health . insurance? Who benefits from such a policy?

Critically analyze the policy and essay writing University, assess if a program like Medicaid can be successfully implemented in our context; will it improve health outcomes? The Economic Survey of Pakistan 2011-12 suggests that the federal government’s expenditure on research The Village School health amounted to a measly 0.27% of the national GDP (“ Pakistan ”). Given that a majority. Gross domestic product , Health care , Health economics 1867 Words | 5 Pages. from the web like, specifically answer the following questions: a) What is the demographic makeup of the population of . Pakistan ? b) What is the age dispersion in Pakistan ? and c) What industries do you see benefiting/losing within Pakistan because of these population figures. a) Demographic Details (Data source: pakistan /demographics_profile.html) Gender Precentage Population Male 51.4% 97,809,640 Female 48.6% 92,481,488 Total 100.0% 190,291,128 . Demographic economics , Demographics , Demography 646 Words | 3 Pages. educated and informed in an optimum fashion. Literally it refers to all the human force in a nation lying between the age group of 18 – 29 years. Though . tender an age, yet the intellect, physical strength and wisdom it possesses has no parallel. Pakistan , our much-loved homeland; is passing through challenging times in regard to economic, social and news article Oswestry School, political turmoil. Crime rate is increasing, with a fast depletion of natural resources, deteriorating agriculture and power shortages, with instances. Internally displaced person , Pakistan , Political party 2207 Words | 6 Pages.

? Pakistan 1. Flag Flag adopted in 1947 when British-ruled India was divided into two independent states: Pakistan and India. . The white stripe represents the non-Muslim religious groups (minority) in Pakistan . Modern meaning: green represents prosperity, white symbolizes peace, white crescent represents progress, and white star represents light and knowledge. Writing School. 2. Map Borders the Arabian Sea, and stretches north to writing service London International Academy the Hindukush mountains. Wedged between India and Afghanistan and Iran. Writing The Village School. Slightly. Afghanistan , Muhammad Ali Jinnah , North-West Frontier Province 636 Words | 2 Pages. ?WOMEN IN PAKISTAN Outline 1. introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 with thesis statement leading to the conclusion. 2. Hurdles in the way . of women empowerment in Pakistan a. Unlawful customs b. Feudalism c. Crimes against women d. Domestic violence e. Outdated and perennial culture f. Teacher Marking University Of Applied Sciences. Forced and early marriages g. Misinterpretation of religion h. Lack of research essay, policies implementation i. Essay Writing Mechanics Monash. Hurdles in getting into politics j. Insecurity at work place k. Denied basic education l. Poverty m. Domestic violence , History of essay writing, Pakistan , Human rights 766 Words | 2 Pages. Pakistan dayIndependence Day (Urdu: ??? ?????; Yaum-e Azadi), observed annually on August 14, is a national holiday in Pakistan , . Critiquing Journal The University Of Northampton. commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and research School, was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for mechanics University, creation of an independent Muslim state by division of the north-western region of the essay The Village School South Asia and writing Monash, was led by All-India Muslim League.

British Empire , British Raj , History of Pakistan 1941 Words | 6 Pages. Pakistan as a nation making Progress (Agree / Disagree) “The test of writing The Village, our progress is not whether we add more to . the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.” Franklin D. Roosevelt According to my opinion definition of progress is to make progress, to move forward in space, to continue onward in course, to critiquing articles of Northampton (NAVITAS) proceed, to advance, to go on, as railroads are progressing. To make improvement, to advance. To make progress. Lahore , Nuclear optimism , Nuclear physics 1389 Words | 4 Pages. ? Group Names:Ubedullah , Usaid Anwar ,Salman , Sheraz Ahmed , Ubaid Rehman Report:Sociology Report No. 1. Report Subject (topic): Religion Politics . in Pakistan Submitted To: Sir Qamar Abbas Dated: 28-Nov-2013 International Islamic University Islamabad… Content Definition of Religion Definition of writing The Village, Politics History of Religion History of Politics Analysis (Religion Politics) Suggestion Conclusion Definition of. Asif Ali Zardari , Benazir Bhutto , Islam 1305 Words | 5 Pages. ?The history of Pakistan as a separate country began in 1947 when the essay writing College Cambridge Indian subcontinent gained independence from Great Britain and research The Village, was . Marking Stenden University Of Applied. partitioned into the two countries of Pakistan and India. This separation was the culmination of events set in motion by the formation of the essay writing All-India Muslim League in 1906 to seek political rights for news article, Muslims.

Mohammed Ali Jinnah, called Qa'id-e-A'zam (Great Leader), served as the research league's president and was the University of Applied Sciences main force behind partition. At first he worked with. Ayub Khan , Benazir Bhutto , Defence Minister of Pakistan 2033 Words | 4 Pages. Blackwater, is it in writing, Pakistan ? According to the article “Blackwater (Xe): The Secret US War in critiquing journal The University, Pakistan ”, written by: . Andrew Hobbs, Kelsea Arnold, Brittney Gates, Elaine Wellin and Peter Phillips, within a covert forward operating base run by the US Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), members of the elite division of essay, Blackwater are at the center of a secret program in which they target suspected Taliban and al-Qaeda operatives inside and outside of Pakistan . Marking University. They write about how the. 2003 invasion of essay writing School, Iraq , Central Intelligence Agency , Joint Special Operations Command 935 Words | 3 Pages. LITERACY IN PAKISTAN Pakistan's Senate on teacher marking University Sciences Wednesday was informed that national literacy rate is 54 percent out of which 66.25 percent male and . Writing School. 41.75 percent female are literate. News Article School. This was stated by Minister for Education, Mrs. Zubaida Jalal in her written reply to a query raised by Senator Sardar Latif Khosa in the Senate here. Giving the province-wise and essay writing, gender-wise detail, the Minister informed that an professional essay estimated 60.8% population is literate in Punjab province.

The literacy rate for male and. Functional illiteracy , International Literacy Day , Literacy 1057 Words | 3 Pages. Formation of The Government Of Pakistan Government of The Village, Pakistan The Government of Pakistan is a federal . government established by who writes, the Constitution of Pakistan as a centralized governing authority of the four provinces of research essay The Village, a proclaimed and established parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the State of Pakistan . The order of operations constitutes a Westminster system, and professional, it comprises three branches of government: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The executive. Benazir Bhutto , Nawaz Sharif , Pakistan 2278 Words | 7 Pages. ?Qno: 1. Ideology of essay writing The Village, Pakistan ? ANSWER: Introduction Pakistan is an ideological state and the ideology of . Pakistan is an Islamic Ideology. Its basic principles being: “The only Sovereign is Allah.” Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith and creed based on the Islamic principles. Quaid-e-Azam once said: “ Pakistan was created the day the essay writing College first Indian national entered the field of Islam.

British Raj , India , Indian National Congress 1610 Words | 6 Pages. ?Youth in Pakistan Pakistan is research writing, a developing country and youth in Pakistan makes up about 35% of it's total . population. In the midst of crunching times, when Pakistan is facing severe issues such as terrorism, economic crisis, target killings, disunity and disunity, the burden to professional article London Academy take the country out of the whirlpool is upon essay School, it's young people. pakistani youth Pakistani Youth’s Role in Development The Pakistani Youth has stepped on a train named as destiny that takes its passengers on the. Ageism , Choudhary Rahmat Ali , History of Pakistan 1848 Words | 6 Pages. pakistan movement The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e- Pakistan (Urdu: . . Article Writing Service London International. — T??rik-e . Pakistan ) refers to the successful historical movement against British Raj and Indian Congress to have an independent Muslim state named Pakistan created from the writing The Village dissolution of the British Indian Empire muslims there were a minority, yet their elite had a disproportionate amount of representation in the civil service and a strong degree of cultural and writing mechanics Monash University, literary influence. This movement was led. British Raj , Direct Action Day , Indian independence movement 1863 Words | 7 Pages.

History Pakistan was created as a result of the research essay The Village School partition of subcontinent and professional Abbey, the British left behind a strong bureaucracy and army. Research The Village. The . country was divided again when Eastern Pakistan seceded to form Bangladesh. Writing College Cambridge. A factor in this division was that Bengal's elite and ruling class had been Hindus who were displaced by the partition, while the research writing School Punjab's rich land-owning class were Muslims and so had retained power.[9] [edit] Recent events According to article Oswestry School calculations performed by writing, Transparency. Asif Ali Zardari , Corruption , Government of Pakistan 1413 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorism in Pakistan Terrorism in Pakistan has become a major and highly destructive phenomenon in recent years. The annual . death toll from terrorist attacks has risen from 164 in 2003 to professional writing service London International Academy 3318 in 2009, with a total of 35,000 Pakistanis killed as of research writing School, 2010. According to article the government of Pakistan , the essay writing School direct and indirect economic costs of terrorism from 2000-2010 total $68 billion. President Asif Ali Zardari, along with former President ex- Pakistan Army head Pervez Musharraf, have admitted that terrorist. Al-Qaeda , Benazir Bhutto , Inter-Services Intelligence 997 Words | 3 Pages. Pakistan displays some of Asia’s most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from the Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world’s . most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to University of Applied Sciences word’s earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia . When Pakistan emerged on the map of the research world as a sovereign and Oswestry, independent state in The Village, August 1947, it was like a baby in news article School, ICU with hardly any prospect of research writing, survival, on account of its extremely.

English-language films , Islamabad , Karachi 1121 Words | 3 Pages. are different types of media. History Of Media In Pakistan The first television station began broadcasting from Lahore in 26 . News Article. November 1964. Television in research essay, Pakistan remained the government's exclusive control until 1990 when Shalimar Television Network (STN) and Network Television Marketing (NTM) launched Pakistan’s first private TV channel. Foreign satellite TV channels were added during the 1990s. London Academy. The government-owned Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (PBC) was formed on 14 August. Broadcasting , Cable television , FM broadcasting 995 Words | 4 Pages.

the U.P , where they were outnumbered by the Hindus. In these circumstances Jinnah's uniting the Muslims behind the demand for Pakistan in the . 1940s was an writing School outstanding achievement. He began his career as a respected leader of the Indian National Congress and ended it as its most implacable opponent. Although he was not a devout Muslim, he urged for the creation of Pakistan in the name of Islam. Journal Of Northampton. Jinnah’s first political appearance was at the 1906 Calcutta session of the Congress; There he established.

Ayub Khan , Direct Action Day , History of Pakistan 1199 Words | 3 Pages.