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Peter Berger Essays and Research Papers. 8 Misleading images of Sociology as depicted in Peter Berger's article:1.Sociologists are social workers; they are seen as professionals . helping out people in the community. This is an inaccurate image of sociologists as sociological knowledge can be useful to travel Hebron Academy, people of varying professions and anyone concerned with action in the society. These actions however, are not specifically humanitarian. They are not related to the character of the information itself. How To Literature Essay College? 2.Sociologists are perceived as theoretician. Peter L. Berger , Psychology , Scientific method 455 Words | 3 Pages. ? To think like a sociologist, one must first want to see the behind the scenes look of the travel writing Hebron Academy, social environment of the world.

Peter . Thinkinh Abingdon School? Berger describes sociology as entering a new and unfamiliar society, one in which a form of writing culture shock is introduced ( Berger , 6). I would venture off to say that what Peter Berger means by “things are not what they seem’ ( Berger , 6) is that, sociology trains you to not settle for the outer surface of things, but to dig deeper into a particular cause, establishment. App Store , Apple Inc. Articles? , IPhone 873 Words | 3 Pages. Philippines and Southeast Asian Studies. an expression of colonial power in Southeast Asia? 4. Southeast Asian countries have better-developed economies than their neighbors. What are some . factors that facilitate and hinder economic power in the region? According to Sociologist Peter Berger (1992:32), “the world is as furiously religious as ever”. Is this true in Southeast Asia? Discuss at least three ways in which religious power is travel Academy conceived, expressed and institutionalized in writing Stanstead the region. 5. 6. Gender and travel writing sexuality are.

Asia , Cold War , Ferdinand Marcos 355 Words | 3 Pages. Raising a Global Kid in Today’s Modern Society. Raising a Global Kid in today’s Modern Society Peter L. Berger , a renowned American sociologist perceives the university essays International School, study of . Sociology as believing that the world is not what it appears to be1, whereby sociology explores the mere surface of social issues plaguing the writing essays Academy, world today. Studying sociology will see oneself analysing the how to essay, relationship between an individual and social structures established in travel writing Hebron the world today, and therefore the possibility of making change in society based upon these drawn relationships. Anthropology , Culture , Feminism 949 Words | 3 Pages. ability to connect history and biography. Thinkinh School? o History may be something like war, while biography is about specific people in the war, such as individual . soldiers. • This is also the connection between public issues and personal troubles. o Peter Berger (These are his three motifs, or three habits of mind) ? Debunking • The sociological mind is never content with the common sense answer. • Often times the travel writing essays, common sense answer is correct, but we want to know why it’s correct. • Sociological. Anthropology , C. Wright Mills , Cultural studies 647 Words | 3 Pages. To make money is our only objective.

the world in terms of revenue. (CNN/Money) People are the products of the society. As sociologist Peter Berger stated, “Society . A Good Essay Mount Hermon? not only controls our movements, but shapes our identity, our thoughts and our emotions. The structures of society become the structures of our own consciousness. Society does not stop at the surface of our skins. Writing Hebron Academy? Society penetrates us as much as it envelope us.” ( Berger , 1963:121) In fact, we are often framed by our own social nature. The beauty of sociology is to paragraphs and essays Stanstead College, identify. Advertising , Brand , Michael Eisner 1520 Words | 4 Pages. a mile in someone else’s shoes” and truly understand society. Berger is perhaps best known for his view that social reality is a form of . consciousness. Central to Berger's work is the relationship between society and the individual. His analysis of society as subjective reality describes the process by which an individual's conception of reality is produced by his or her interaction with social structures.

Sociologist Peter Berger refers to the fact that sociologists see general social patterns. C. Wright Mills , Individual , Mind 577 Words | 2 Pages. ?Invitation to Sociology Peter L. Berger (1963, pp. 23–24) [2] noted in writing essays Hebron Academy his classic book Invitation to Sociology, “The first . wisdom of sociology is this—things are not what they seem.” Social reality, he said, has “many layers of meaning,” and a goal of sociology is to help us discover these multiple meanings. He continued, “People who like to avoid shocking discoveries…should stay away from sociology.” As Berger was emphasizing, sociology helps us see through conventional understandings of how to reflective essay SKODA how. Institution , Knowledge , Meaning of life 490 Words | 2 Pages. sociological knowledge. Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann both argue that reality is socially constructed by the knowledge of . the people for social reality is produced and writing essays communicated amongst others.

They emphasize on the fact that human is a part of writing essays School Eerde a product of travel writing essays Academy society and vice versa: society is a product of articles University (Navitas) human. Berger and travel writing essays Hebron Luckmann follow the Schutz’s concept of viewing the reality of everyday life as an how to write reflective SKODA AUTO “intersubjective world”- a world shared with many others. Berger and Luckmann begin with. Epistemology , Meaning of life , Peter L. Berger 695 Words | 2 Pages. Social Movements and Modernization. social changes in society that are brought about by industrialization (Macionis, 2006). Sociologist Peter Berger describes four . Writing Essays? factors that are present in modernization (Macionis, 2006). First, Berger lists a reduction in smaller, more traditional communities as the Curtin University, first step in modernization (Macionis, 2006). For example, many people are moving away from rural areas to more urban areas.

Second, Berger lists an increase in the amount of choices that an travel writing essays Hebron Academy individual can make as the second step in modernization. Anthony Giddens , Globalization , Peter L. Berger 614 Words | 2 Pages. Sociological imagination: Peter L. Berger It is how to write essay d'Overbroeck's College very easy to take our own way of life for granted because we tend to fall into . the travel writing, same routines or patterns every day, sometimes without even realizing it. With society always advancing everyone has the ideal image of “keeping up with the joneses.” We have gotten so comfortable with all the advances and writing university School luxuries and all we tend to essays Hebron Academy, think about is how to write essay SKODA “the latest and travel greatest” and how to write literature essay d'Overbroeck's “how can we can it.” In fact, more often than not, it is travel Hebron usually not until. American films , Life , Peter L. How To Write A Good History Essay Northfield Hermon? Berger 759 Words | 2 Pages. Goffman says that, “[the way to make a world is to Academy, be naked to the bone, to have as few resources as you can get by with. . . . the way to get it is to need . University Essays International School? it” (1989: 127).

Goffman thus offers a microlevel, situation-specific variant of travel writing what Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann (1967: 47) call “world openness”: “You have to open yourself up in ways you’re not in ordinary life.” Often one also has to grapple with hierarchy in the field: “If you’ve got to be with a range of people, be with the writing paragraphs, lowest. Erving Goffman , Narrative , Participant observation 566 Words | 2 Pages. ?????????,???????,?????????????????????,??????????: (?) ??; (2) ??????,?????????????,?????????????????; (3) ??(??????????); (4) ???????????;? (5) . ????? ???????,????????????????????????????,??????????,?????????????? ?????????????? (1) ?????????? ??: Peter Berger ? 1991 ??? Invitation to Sociology ??????????1: Where human beings live or work in compact groups, in which they are personally known and to which they are tied by feeling of personal loyalty (the kind that sociologists call primary groups). Bruce Lee , Cantonese people , Hong Kong 2415 Words | 12 Pages. book, and confronts several important aspects of art, unlike any other author. John Berger takes a general approach of Marxism and New Art . History relating to social history in Ways of Seeing. He focuses less on travel Academy, the aesthetic properties of art, and more on the New Art History approach; on the social and political construction of essays Eerde artworks, mainly oil paintings concerning class, race, gender, and ethnicity. Travel Hebron? Berger also focuses on a Marxist methodology, in University which he explains art works as the reflection. Art critic , Art history , History of painting 2147 Words | 6 Pages. Peter the Apostle Peter the apostle was born BC 15 or so. Peter the apostle has been said to look like a very weak . man.

He was medium height, more so tall, and had very pale skin. Also, it has been said that Peter had a short, thick, curled beard, and travel essays very thin eyebrows, if not, no eyebrows at all. Thinkinh? Another character trait of the Peter the apostle is that his eyes were almost all black, but had red marks due to weeping frequently. Peter the apostle, the most prominent of Jesus’ twelve disciples. Christianity , Crucifixion , Gospel 782 Words | 3 Pages. Hans Berger: Creator of the Electroencenograph. ? Hans Berger : Creator of the Electroencephalogram A Research Essay San Francisco State University . Author Note This essay was written for English 214: Second Year Written Composition, section 08, taught by travel writing essays Academy Professor Mark Schleunes Abstract In the early 20th century the invention of the electroencephalogram impacted medicine greatly.

After over 20 years of research, Hans Berger became the first to ever record human brain waves. Now, doctors are able to. Brain , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy 1686 Words | 5 Pages. our own way of seeing” ( Berger 142). In other words, Berger is saying if ten people look at the same piece of art each . interpretation is paragraphs Stanstead going to be just as unique and Hebron different as the person looking at it. Based on one’s knowledge of the artist, time period, and how to write essay d'Overbroeck's College the painting itself gives a whole different perspective than someone who doesn’t know any of the history. Also different life experiences can change the way a person can relate a painting to themselves. John Berger is known as one of Europe’s. Art , Cubism , Eugene Delacroix 1274 Words | 4 Pages. Meaning of an writing Academy Artwork According to writing essays International School, John Berger in travel his essay “Ways of Seeing” the way that a painting is viewed by some may already be . distorted prior to analyzing it because we are not viewing the original piece. The information that comes from the silence of a painting is only truly experienced when looking at the original work rather than a reproduction of it.

The original work speaks to you in a way that a reproduction is not able to. Berger says this clearly when he states: . Art , Human , Image 1355 Words | 4 Pages. Bryan Washington Professor H. Writing And Essays? Alvarez English 1A 17 March 2013 Essay #2 “Both John Berger in “Ways of Seeing” and Michel Foucault in . “Panopticism” discuss what Foucault calls “power relations.” Berger claims that “the entire art of the past has now become a political issue,” and he makes a case for the evolution of “ new language of images” which could “confer a new kind of power” if people were to Hebron Academy, understand history in art. Foucault argues that the Panopticon signals an “inspired” change in. Gilles Deleuze , John Berger , Michel Foucault 954 Words | 3 Pages. 2010 Seeing Comes First One of the most important senses that we human have is the ability to how to write a good Northfield Mount, see things. Travel Writing Academy? We see the image of the object first before . the image is send to our brain and University processes it.

The essay “Ways of Seeing”, written by writing Hebron John Berger took art as an example, to thinkinh School, show the way how modern people view art and the influences that traditional oil painting has had on society and modern day society. The way people now a day perceives an art image is different than the way it was seen before. Assumption of Mary , Collage , Cubism 1161 Words | 3 Pages. Scharffen Berger Chocolate - Marketing. Group Case Brief Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker (A) Bowling Green State University February 14, 2011 Scharffen . Berger Chocolate Maker Introduction: The Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker is experiencing an exponential year over year growth rate of their premium product. Travel Essays? This is a situation that all new businesses strive for and although Scharffen Berger is pleased with their growth, they are facing a potential dilemma.

The company must consider how they will keep up with growing. Chocolate , New York City , Quality control 1709 Words | 6 Pages. it would be like to never grow up; to never take showers; never be told what to do, or when to do it? Ever think about running away from write reflective home; what would it . be like to never be loved by parents or family, or to writing essays Hebron, never feel the sense of well-being? Peter Pan was one of those kids that never truly felt loved and never wanted to grow-up. He is known as “The lost boy”. On December 7, 1941, one of our former Presidents; President Franklin D. Roosevelt said; “A day which will live in infamy”. Essays School? It was a.

Hook , J. M. Barrie , Michael Llewelyn Davies 1043 Words | 4 Pages. the wide range choices of business strategies, it is understandable that there are huge amount of business philosophies in which they can be utilized. Hebron Academy? With . that said, Peter Drucker, also known as “the father of modern management”, has indeed transformed modern management philosophy into a profound regulation (Rosenstein, 2008). Peter Drucker ? a man, born in 1909 in Vienna, entered a London investment organization upon the rising of Hitler, before he moved to the United States in 1937 (Hiltzik, 2009). Entrepreneurship , Knowledge management , Knowledge work productivity 1569 Words | 7 Pages. Biography of Saint Peter After Jesus, Saint Peter is the most known and quoted Apostle in write essay SKODA the New Testament. He is Hebron Academy . mentioned 154 times with the how to write essay d'Overbroeck's College, nickname Petros, stone, rock, which is the Greek translation of the Aramaic name Jesus gave him directly, Kefa. Writing Hebron Academy? The name Simon is the Greek form adapted to how to write essay SKODA AUTO University, his original Hebrew name, Simeon. The call of Jesus It took place on travel writing Hebron Academy, a day like any other day, while Peter was doing his. Apostle , Christianity , James the Just 946 Words | 3 Pages. I suddenly, and quite strangely, have found myself conflicted about Peter Pan.

I thought I knew the write a good history Northfield Mount Hermon, story, believed I was familiar with it. My . Travel Hebron Academy? Mother has used the term Peter Pan Syndrome to describe nearly every young member of our family at one time or another. Paragraphs And Essays Stanstead College? It means you never want to grow up, just like the boy in Walt Disney’s animation. Peter wants to play in travel writing Hebron Never Land forever and avoid responsibility while careening through the air amid pirates and redskins and a strange yet hopeful band. Captain Hook , Hook , J. M. Barrie 1256 Words | 3 Pages. Peter the writing university School Eerde, Apostle Peter (also known as Simon) was one of the original 12 apostles. He became the leader of the apostles, after . Jesus' ascension. Peter was originally from Bethsaida on the northern shore of the sea of Galilee. Peter was married. He was a fisherman with his brother Andrew. His home was in Capernaum.

When Jesus called him to be an apostle, he was given the added name Cephas (Aramaic: stone, Greek: Petros, which in English is rendered as Peter ). Peter was a native of Bethsaida . Apostle , Christianity , Crucifixion 1010 Words | 3 Pages. ?Nickesha Larmond Paul and writing essays Hebron Academy Peter Background information about write essay d'Overbroeck's, Paul Paul whose name was Saul was an travel writing Academy early Christian missionary and . theologian, known as the Apostle to the Gentiles was born a Jew in university International School Tarsus, Rome. As a minor, he was trained as a rabbi but earned his living as a tentmaker. Essays Hebron Academy? A zealous Pharisee, he persecuted the first Christians until a vision of writing university essays International School Jesus, experienced while on essays Hebron Academy, the road to Damascus, converted him to Christianity. Three years later he met St.

Peter and Jesus' brother James. Apostle , Baptism , Christianity 1285 Words | 4 Pages. ?Kayle Muller ENG 482 Sommers 10/8/13 Coraline and Peter Pan What is the role of thinkinh a child and their innocence? This is a topic that can . be discussed thoroughly and quite in depth with many people. The element of a child’s innocence plays an extremely important role in travel writing essays Academy their life for not only the Abingdon, reason of staying a “child” but also refraining them from growing up too fast when it is not necessary.

The innocence of essays Hebron Academy a child is precious, malleable, and cannot always be retrieved once it is thinkinh School lost. Captain Hook , Child , Childhood 1788 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Art of Publicity In the book Ways of Seeing, the author, John Berger creates the deeper understanding of the travel essays Academy, look on art, along with . the influences that traditional oil painting has had on society and modern day publicity. Articles Curtin (Navitas)? The book not only explores how visual culture came to dominate society but also how ideologies are created and transmitted via images. There are things people cannot describe in words but that images can illustrate. Images have the power to mystify the viewers, which. Advertising , Image , John Berger 1131 Words | 3 Pages.

Peter Pan is no doubt one of the most appealing subjects for travel Academy, deep psychological analysis. Interpretations of this character run from the . pop-psychology term the Peter Pan Syndrome coined by Dr. Write Literature Essay? Dan Kiley (1983) to refer to adult males who refuse to grow up and face their responsibilities, through Kenneth Kidd's (2004) sociocultural study of boys and the feral tale which questions Peter's masculinity and sexuality, to his alleged homosexuality which, according to travel writing essays Hebron Academy, Dore Ripley (2006), reflects Victorian. Gender , Gender role , Hook 1641 Words | 5 Pages. Peter Singer, an Australian philosopher and International professor at Princeton University asks his students the simple question of whether they would save . a drowning child from a pond, while wearing they’re bran new pair of expensive shoes. Writing Hebron? The response was aggressive and passive “How could anyone consider a pair of shoes, or missing an hour or two at work, a good reason for not saving a child’s life?” ? Singer continued to argue that “ according to UNICEF, nearly 10 million children under five years old die. Developed country , Ethics , Good and evil 1227 Words | 3 Pages.

Harrison Hargett Humanities 1 Schnucker Tues, Thurs 2:00-3:15 455983 Peter Abelard Peter Abelard was born in Pallet, . France on April 21st 1079. His father was in thinkinh School a military career but Peter followed the writing essays Hebron Academy, academic path studying dialectic. Later in writing and essays College his teens he went to travel essays Hebron, school in Paris called Notre-Dame de Paris, William of Champeaux taught him. After being taught for a while Peter began to question William and articles University (Navitas) argue against travel Academy him. It was William’s school where Abelard’s application of logic. Bernard of Clairvaux , Historia Calamitatum , Montagne Sainte-Genevieve 960 Words | 3 Pages. John Berger definition of mystification through Hal’s painting In John Berger’s reading, he states that “Mystification is the process of . explaining away what might otherwise be evident” (pg 103).

To my understanding, Berger is saying that mystification is Eerde a way of what we think may be clear to our understanding of something. Essays Hebron Academy? It seem as though Berger express mystification in ways that one may not grasp something clearly even though it may seem to be evident. By expressing this, Berger used the passage . By the Way , Debut albums , John Berger 877 Words | 2 Pages. Social Inequalities Perpetuated Through Advertisements to be a man. ( Berger 54).This assumption that the audience is writing always male dates back to the Renaissance Period and essays consequently means that . women will continue to be the focus in many ads. Having women as the focus can blur the viewer's image of the College, ad. In Figure 2 the ad is for travel Hebron, Sky Vodka but the ad sends the writing paragraphs Stanstead College, underlying message to essays Hebron, the viewer that they will be able to get a beautiful woman if they purchase that brand of vodka. This add is a perfect representation of the point Berger made when he said. Advertising , Black-and-white films , Female 1582 Words | 4 Pages.

the publicity images of the 21st century. This comparison with the previous century oil paintings and writing paragraphs human behavioural response to publicity are the essays Academy, two . main highlights of essay John Berger’s thought provoking write up in ‘Ways of Seeing’. John Berger began his professional career as an essays Academy artist. An art student from the Chelsea School of write literature College Art and the Central School of essays Academy Art, he took up teaching- drawing and write essay Hermon painting. His profession as an art critic, novelist, essayist and travel essays Academy a screenwriter won him recognition. 1969 , 1971 , 1972 1739 Words | 7 Pages. Peter Pan is a fairy tale written by James M. How To Write AUTO University? Barrie in 1903.

In 2003, Director P. J Hogan adapts the story to travel writing essays Hebron Academy, a fantasy film. . Peter Pan is a film for both children and adults. Children can be attracted by the colorful fantastic images and surprising adventurous exciting story. Adults will notice the story about grown up, love and thoughts in one’s deep heart, such as jealousy and loneliness. This essay will talk about the character, narrative, contrast, conflict and how to write literature d'Overbroeck's College genre of the film Peter Pan (2003). Captain Hook , Fairy , Hook 1568 Words | 4 Pages. In 1968 Dr. Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hull put into print a book called The Peter Principle: Why Things Always Go Wrong which . describes a simple observation that states anything that works is travel writing Hebron often used in University progressively more challenging applications until it fails. This means that a machine will only function optimally at the tasks it was specifically designed for and once it is used beyond its intended task its usefulness will degrade or the machine will utterly fail.

This also applies to. Butterfat , Hierarchy , Ice cream 866 Words | 3 Pages. man named John Berger who sat in front of a naked man, drawing frantically on essays Hebron, a piece of essays International Eerde paper that later would become/will become (jag vet . inte vad du tycker ar bast?) the groundwork of his essay “Drawing.” As Berger , writing his essay from the perspective of an authentic artist, starts to writing essays Hebron, examine the process of drawing from beginning to end, his work in Selected Essays will convey an author with divergent voices that will help us relate to the very abstract and complex ideas Berger expresses around. Aesthetics , Art , Art critic 2117 Words | 5 Pages. ?Lulu Al Sabah Mrs. Johnson Fairytale B 8 January 2014 Fairytales appeal to all age groups who seek escape, entertainment and look for guidance in . their journey in life.

In Peter Pan, J. M. Barrie uses archetypes and motifs that establish the how to essay SKODA AUTO, story as a fairytale. Writing Academy? Among the features of the fairytale are having the setting in a magical land, having a hero and a villain and write reflective SKODA AUTO having major characters on travel writing essays Hebron, a quest. Barrie creates the Neverland as the land of write literature dreams where these archetypes and motifs. Fairy , Hook , Lost Boys 1034 Words | 3 Pages. ? PETER FERDINAND DRUCKER Peter Ferdinand Drucker (November 19, 1909 – November 11, 2005) was an Austrian-born American . Travel Writing Hebron? management consultant, educator, and author, whose writings contributed to write a good Northfield, the philosophical and practical foundations of the modern business corporation. He was also a leader in the development of management education, and he invented the concept known as management by objectives. INTRODUCTION drucker's books and scholarly and Hebron Academy popular articles explored how humans are.

Concept of the Corporation , Entrepreneurship , Knowledge work productivity 955 Words | 5 Pages. For this essay, we were asked to try and explain the International Eerde, similarities that we see between Foucault’s essay and the other works that we have read this semester. Writing? . Finally I see the cohesion to the works and the purpose for reading them. All the authors - Berger , Bordo, and Kipnis - discuss power in write their works. Each author gives an example of the power dynamic that Foucault describes. Though the authors give examples of Foucault’s panopticism, they each have their own opinion on how it works. Travel Writing Academy? The authors. Discipline and Punish , Jeremy Bentham , John Berger 1541 Words | 5 Pages. ? Peter Gets Hooked In the articles Curtin, film Hook, Robin Williams plays the fictional character Peter Banning.

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Have you ever dreamed of the place where you would never grow up, where you would never have to worry about your difficulties and live in writing essays Hebron happiness? The . movie Peter Pan will bring you to that world. Peter Pan is a character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie. Essay University? It is about a mischievous boy Peter Pan who can fly and never grows up to live with his Lost Boys and fairies in the island of Neverland. And he likes to meet the children from the world outside. One day, he meets Wendy. Hook , J. M. Barrie , Neverland 1202 Words | 3 Pages. Expressed in different forms, the nature of travel writing Academy art is how to literature essay everywhere, including publicity. Publicity provides culture with images that convey meaning and travel writing essays Academy . messages. Writing Essays International Eerde? Images are the strongest, most powerful aspect publicity holds.

In Ways of Seeing, John Berger identifies the relationship between two media images, modern day publicity and the language of travel writing essays traditional oil painting. These images intend to thinkinh Abingdon School, demonstrate reality to the spectator but not a reality of the common life, a socially constructed reality. Consensus reality , History of painting , John Berger 1492 Words | 4 Pages. An Analysis Of Peter And Wendy By J. ? Peter and Wendy by J. M. Barrie is a classic novel that confronts the extreme ends of the bridge between childhood and adulthood. Despite the . characters being either distinctly young or old in age, Peter and Wendy addresses the loss experienced in the transition between childhood and adulthood. There is a distinct loss of travel writing essays Hebron Academy identity in the novel, as the lines between the reader as an observer and write reflective the reader as a participant are blurred. Wendy herself begins to lose her grasp on her own identity, slipping. J. M. Barrie , Neverland , Peter and Academy Wendy 1329 Words | 4 Pages. John Berger's Ways of writing and essays College Seeing Summary Commentary.

John Berger’s “Ways of Seeing” is a short commentary that seems to be about writing essays Academy, how different classes of people perceive art, how its meaning has changed through . the ages, and how the introduction of technology has affected it. Berger seems to be an extremely controversial art critic, based off opinions of him that range from “stimulating” to “preposterous”. He has been praised numerous times, yet condemned just as much. His writings can seem extremely complex and difficult, even cryptic at times; but. Art , Art critic , John Berger 1210 Words | 3 Pages. artists to experiment with eye catching colours and gimmicky imagery, creating a new style of art. John Berger is an how to essay SKODA art critic best known for travel writing Hebron Academy, . his book titled Ways of Seeing. In the third chapter of the book, he discusses the writing university International School, depiction of women in travel writing essays Academy art by Stanstead College making references to well-known European paintings. His argument mainly focuses on the objectification of women through sexualised imagery. John Berger discusses the essays Hebron, treatment of women in such ways, claiming that women are depicted as passive whereas. Female body shape , Gender , Gender role 3058 Words | 7 Pages.

Michele Foucault Panopticism and Discipline. governing agents to subconsciously establish control, since the prisoners will presumably always be on their “best behavior.” Foucault depicts the panopticon . as a way of writing paragraphs exercising power over a mass; this idea can also be taken from the works of John Berger , Susan Bordo, and Laura Kipnis. Foucault begins by introducing the plague and the actions of travel writing essays Hebron Academy society that resulted when the epidemic struck. How To Write Literature Essay College? The plague brought order. Houses were routinely checked, quarantined, registered, etc.

Those who were infected. Discipline and travel Hebron Academy Punish , Jeremy Bentham , John Berger 1176 Words | 4 Pages. 1st and 2nd Peter The Christians around the time I Peter was written were undergoing some intense persecution. Socially . they were shunned, abused, insulted and ridiculed, and Peter realized that the circumstances were getting worse. Nero was Emperor of Rome during the time I Peter was written. He oversaw the School, persecutions of Christians. Peter wrote this letter to travel writing essays Hebron Academy, offer encouragement to Christians suffering this persecution. (I Peter 2:18-20) As a result the church in how to write history essay Northfield Mount Hermon Jerusalem was being scattered.

Christian , God , Great Fire of Rome 1327 Words | 3 Pages. The Lost of The Creature by Walker Percy. concern on this subject. Travel Writing Essays Hebron Academy? John Berger in his essay, Ways of articles University Seeing showed disapproval on this same issue. Travel Writing Hebron? His essay revealed how . commercialization can reduce the articles (Navitas), appreciation and likeness of an object. Writing Essays Hebron Academy? Sovereignty of the knower is thinkinh Abingdon what we can refer to as a right. It is the travel essays Hebron Academy, right of paragraphs each individual to freely digest, admirer, discover and appreciate things and objects, without the intrusion of outside forces, to travel essays Hebron Academy, manipulate his or her feelings for that particular thing. Berger states, The meaning of how to write a good history Northfield an. Grand Canyon , John Berger , Mind 1093 Words | 4 Pages. pre-packaged experiences; two distinct works dovetail with his philosophical perspectives. The film, “Grand Canyon,” directed by Lawrence Kasdan compliments . Percy’s ideas by travel Academy exemplifying realizations of genuine experiences through a motion picture, John Berger , in his essay, “The Ways of School Seeing,” reinforces Percy’s idea of the loss of travel writing Academy sovereignty by discussing how people see and how meanings are manipulated.

Walker Percy asserts that preconceived thoughts in Abingdon one’s mind before an experience result in the. Danny Glover , Grand Canyon , Idea 1394 Words | 4 Pages. Westernization under Peter the travel Hebron Academy, Great The impact of Westernization under Peter the Great. Virtually every aspect of how to essay SKODA AUTO University . Travel Writing Hebron? Russia was affected by thinkinh Abingdon School reforms during the reign of Peter the Great. His reforms were the most wide-spread ever to take place. Essays Hebron? Of all of the how to write, Czars Peter is one of the travel essays, most visible and in Russian history. The reforms and westernization of Peter the Great made Russia a more modern and stronger power in Europe under his rule and until his death in 1725.

Peter was a powerful and. Great Northern War , Moscow , Peter I of Russia 2151 Words | 6 Pages. Victorian Influences on Literature In 1904 J.M. Barrie published the book Peter Pan. The novel first started as a play, and since . School? then been reproduced into writing essays Hebron Academy many different version. It published a few short years after Queen Elizabeth passed away and write SKODA AUTO University the Victorian Era had come to an end.

The characters have specific characteristics that represent the travel essays, time period. The Darlings represent the way Barrie saw the Victorian Era. We see this through the articles, characterization of Mr. Darling, Nana. British Empire , J. M. Barrie , London 1495 Words | 4 Pages. graphics, ceramics, visual design, collage, photography, postmodern appropriation and recontextualisation, and graffiti. See us as scholars we have learned a . Hebron? lot from many artists like Banksy in his essay “The Most Honest Artform Available”, John Berger in university essays his essays “Ways Of Seeing” and “Reading the Gaze: Gender Roles in Advertising”, Cockcroft and Sanchez in their essay “Signs From The Heart: California Chicano Murals”, the movie Exit Through The Gift Shop featuring Banksy, Thierry Guetta, and. Art , Banksy , Graffiti 1872 Words | 5 Pages. response to Protestantism and the Counter Reformation. The work on art and architecture at St Peters reflected the change in travel approaches towards . religious representation, as it became more extravagant and paragraphs and essays College acted as a physical embodiment of the church.

The Papacy had often used visual representation as a form of religious communication; however this was a new style of display, in response to new objectives. St Peters , as a symbol and centre of symbol of the Catholic Church and its power, was extremely significant. Catholic Church , Christianity , Pope 2171 Words | 6 Pages. think of Peter I or Peter the Great, as he gave himself that name, one thinks of travel writing Russia and the many Tsars that ruled this . interesting part of the world. To learn of Peter the Great is to explore his life during 1682 . Peter was responsible for bringing Russia out of darkness and into a more civilized country in hopes that Russia, the Motherland, would gain the respect of the rest of the European theatre and Curtin become a great power. To do this required many changes and reforms which Peter the Great. Armed forces , Army , Peter I of travel Academy Russia 2213 Words | 6 Pages. Mariana Iglesias Mr. Bradely/ Ms.

Benzing English 8/ humanities8 12 March 2012 Research Paper There are leaders who mark history with the failures of . their ruling, and some other leaders who marked history for the efficiency of their ruling. Curtin? Peter the Great was ruling Russia with no knowledge, leading Russia into a way of misery, and also opening the way to Catherine so that she could emerge to the throne. Catherine the great was a German princess who travelled all the way to Russia to meet. Catherine I of Russia , Catherine II of Russia , Elizabeth of Russia 1406 Words | 6 Pages. taste of travel essays Hebron Academy their own medicine. Yet in reality I shouldn’t be structured as a war of the sexes, but rather an attempt on reflective essay SKODA, the part of all sexes, to essays Hebron Academy, acknowledge . and condemn gender stereotypes. University International Eerde? Berger , John.

Ways of Seeing. 1972. Writing Essays Hebron Academy? London, Penguin, 1990. In the book, Ways of Seeing Ch. 7, John Berger tells us that the role of publicity has evolved from oil paintings. Publicity images draw on the visual language of oil paintings, but their purpose is to university International, manufacture glamour.

This is due to the. Advertising , Emotion , Gender 1401 Words | 4 Pages.

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8 Steps to Writing the Perfect Personal Essay. It#39;s your first day back in travel essays Academy, English class and how to essay Mount Hermon you are given the writing Academy, assignment to write a personal essay. Do you remember how? You will, with the reminders below. A Good History Essay Mount. Your teacher has a good reason for travel writing essays this assignment. The personal essay is write Northfield Mount helpful to teachers because it gives them a snapshot of your grasp of travel essays Hebron Academy language, composition, and creativity. The assignment is really quite easy, it#39;s about you after all, so this is how to write essay SKODA your opportunity to writing essays Academy, shine! It#39;s a good idea to start by making sure you understand the composition of an essay essay. The simplest structure has just three parts: an introduction, a body of information, and a conclusion. Writing Hebron. You will hear of the five-paragraph essay. Writing Essays Eerde. It has three paragraphs in the body instead of one.

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Some days we are brimming over with topics to write about, and other times it can be difficult to come up with a single idea. There are things you can do to inspire yourself. Check out our lists of ideas. Write in a stream of consciousness. Open a blank document and write whatever comes into your mind, without stopping, until you#39;ve got three pages. It#39;s a mind dump. Don#39;t stop, even if you have to essay d'Overbroeck's College, write that you don#39;t know what to write next. Julia Cameron, in her book The Artist#39;s Way, calls this technique Morning Pages and essays Hebron suggests you practice it every morning upon waking. Do a little research.

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This is your essay. Never use the work of other people and call it your own. Continue Reading Below. Be Specific with Your Descriptions. Personal essays are your unique view of the topic. Be descriptive. Writing Academy. Use all of write essay SKODA AUTO University your senses. Put your reader in travel writing essays Hebron Academy, your shoes and help them experience exactly what you saw, felt, smelled, heard, tasted. Were you nervous? What did that look like? Sweaty hands, stutter, drooping shoulders?

Show us. Help us experience your essay. Be Consistent with Your Point of View and Tense. Personal essays are just that, personal, meaning you are writing about yourself. This usually means writing in the first person, using the pronoun #34;I.#34; When you write in the first person, you are speaking for how to literature essay yourself only.

You can make observations of others, but you can’t speak for them or truly know what they are thinking. Most personal essays are also written in the past tense. You are relating something that happened to you or the way you feel about something by giving examples. You can write in the present tense if you want to. The main point here is to be consistent. Whichever tense you decide to use, stay in it. Don#39;t switch around. Academy. Continue Reading Below.

No matter what you write, one of the most important parts of the writing process is editing. Let your essay sit for a day, at the very least for several hours. Get up and walk away from it. Do something completely different, and then read your essay with your readers in mind. Is your point clear? Is your grammar correct? Is your sentence structure correct? Is the structure of your composition logical? Does it flow? Is your voice natural?

Are there unnecessary words you can eliminate? Did you make your point? Editing your own work is hard. If you can#39;t do it, ask someone to help you. Hire an essay editing service if you need to. Choose carefully. You want someone who will help you edit your own work, not a service that writes your essay for you. EssayEdge is a good choice. History Essay Northfield Mount Hermon. One of the best ways to become a better writer is to be an avid reader of good writing. Travel Hebron. If you want to master the art of the d'Overbroeck's, essay, read great essays! Read essays wherever you can find them: in newspapers, books, magazines, and online.

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Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat – Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of this website have kindly donated their valuable time to translate this important information into various languages. Please click PDF options for travel essays, more information. Diet is the brick and history Mount mortar of writing essays, health.

This web page lays out some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of dry kibble . Putting a little thought into what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and costly illnesses. An increasing number of nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the feeding of canned food instead of dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is too low. 2) carbohydrate load is how to essay College, too high. 3) type of protein – too high in plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is very heavily processed which includes being subjected to high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and travel writing essays Hebron destruction of nutrients. Dry food is also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and articles Curtin their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say “shop the writing Academy perimeter of the grocery store.” This statement refers to the push to get humans to focus on fresh food – not overly processed food found in boxes and a good history Northfield Mount cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario? Definitely not in the “perimeter”!

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and writing essays Academy they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them. Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is responsible for writing School, far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and travel writing essays cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to read more about optimal nutrition for literature d'Overbroeck's College, cats. My Cat is Doing Just “Fine” on Dry Food!

Every living creature is “fine” until outward signs of a disease process are exhibited. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about it…… Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was “fine” until they started to strain to urinate and either died from a ruptured bladder or had to travel Hebron Academy be rushed to the hospital for emergency catheterization. Every cat on the Feline Diabetes Message Board was “fine” until their owners started to recognize the signs of diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was “fine” until they ended up in severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to refuse to use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was “fine” until the feeding of species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and university School he started to travel writing essays show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was “fine” until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was “fine” until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.

The point is that diseases ‘brew’ long before being noticed by articles University, the living being. This is why the statement “but my cat is Academy, healthy/fine on dry food” means very little to me because I believe in preventative nutrition – not locking the barn door after the write literature essay d'Overbroeck's College horse is gone. I don’t want to end up saying “oops……I guess he is not so fine now!!” when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to travel Hebron Academy begin with. Of course, in order to be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to understand the following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an appropriate amount of University (Navitas), water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on travel essays Academy cats’ blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and need to consume water *with* their food. (A cat’s normal prey is.

70 – 75% water – not the very low 5-10% found in essays International Eerde, dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to get their protein from meat/organs – not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and travel writing essays are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. Writing Essays International School? What does it mean to be an ‘obligate carnivore’? It means that your cat was built by writing Hebron, Mother Nature to get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of university essays School Eerde, a large amount of animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and travel Academy derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is very important to how to write reflective AUTO remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the full complement (puzzle pieces) of the critical amino acids required by travel Hebron Academy, an obligate carnivore. The quality and essays International composition of a protein (are all of the puzzle pieces present?) is also referred to as its biological value . Humans and Academy dogs can take the pieces of the d'Overbroeck's puzzle in travel essays Academy, the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces.

Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on School Eerde a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is one of the most important nutrients present in meat but it is missing from plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and travel writing Academy heart problems in Abingdon School, cats. The protein in travel writing Hebron Academy, dry food, which is often heavily plant-based, is not equal in quality to the protein in canned food, which is meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy – 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is missing from a plant in essay, terms of nutrient forms and amounts – nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to their diets to make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?

This is the kind of arrogance that has led to fatal errors in travel Hebron, the past. Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from how to write reflective essay, heart problems due to travel writing essays this arrogance. It was discovered in the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to a good essay Northfield Hermon taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from nature in travel Hebron Academy, order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to Abingdon a diet being deficient in taurine but one of them is writing Hebron, using a diet that relies heavily on thinkinh Abingdon plants (grains, etc.) as its source of writing Academy, protein. Instead of lowering their profit margin and going back to nature by adding more meat to write reflective SKODA AUTO the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.

This may be all well and good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of other critical nutrients that are missing from writing Hebron, a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to think that we can safely stray so far from university essays International School Eerde, what a cat is designed by nature to writing Hebron Academy eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is reflective essay University, manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of China. Given that country’s horrible track record with regard to food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on taurine from China’s chemical synthesis to meet my cats’ taurine needs. With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the protein percentages on travel writing essays Hebron Academy the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the how to essay d'Overbroeck's College dry food has a higher amount of protein than the canned food—but this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. Travel Essays Hebron? And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the whole story. It is the protein’s biological value that is critical. Let’s ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the patient’s diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the answer would be “many”.

Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the two states of health. Robbie – hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list – or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of long names that are hard to pronounce. How To Write Reflective Essay SKODA? Eat highly processed foods that have had much of their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists ‘fixing’ the deficit with synthetic supplements. Travel Hebron? This type of unhealthy diet is consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and School what needs to be added back and in what form and amount.

Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is not ‘fresh,’ per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. It has been cooked at very high temperatures for a long period of travel essays Hebron, time. The extensive cooking required to writing university essays International School Eerde remove most of the water from the essays Academy food (70% moisture reduced to 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the how to a good Northfield Mount Hermon biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to guess which nutrients – in what form and amounts – were destroyed by this cooking process and then try to essays Hebron add them back into the diet. Occasionally ‘real food’ is used instead of synthetic supplements but those long and hard-to-pronounce names on write a good history essay Northfield the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature – we will never know every detail of a cat’s normal prey – it is obvious that there is travel, a risk when greed cause humans to stray so far from a cat’s natural diet.

We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term “grain-free” since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are “grain free” but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to the food. Writing International Eerde? The “grain-free” descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores–would not consume the travel essays Academy high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. In the writing Stanstead wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only writing Hebron approximately 1-2 percent of her diet consisting of carbohydrates . The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Essays International Eerde? Some of the writing cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is write a good history Northfield, NOT the diet that Mother Nature intended for your cat to eat.

Many canned foods, on the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in carbohydrates. For instance, most of the Hill’s Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hill’s ‘prescription’ diets are very high in travel, carbohydrates and are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of and essays Stanstead, specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to essays their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is as illogical to feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to reflective AUTO a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Grains/potatoes are cheap. Travel Academy? Dry food is convenient. Affordability and convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the best diet for our cats?

Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to eat meat/organs – not grains/vegetables – and they need to consume water with their food as explained below. Opie’s pictorial at writing paragraphs Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a ‘must see’ for any cat caregiver who insists on feeding dry food. The first paragraph of that page is as follows: If I could have the reader of travel writing essays Hebron Academy, this webpage take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water.” If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of Stanstead College, 100% canned (or homemade) food – and travel Academy no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to history Mount Hermon overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to essays Hebron Academy other species, and you will understand why it is paragraphs College, critical for Academy, them to how to a good essay Mount ingest a water-rich diet. The cat’s lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of their diet especially if they have any level of kidney insufficiency. A cat’s normal prey contains approximately 70 – 75 percent water.

Dry food only contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the natural diet of the cat and are better suited to travel writing essays meet the cat’s water needs. I hear the Abingdon School reader saying: “But my cat drinks a lot of water so dry food is just fine for travel writing Academy, him!” A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in the end, when water from thinkinh School, all sources is travel essays, added together (what’s in their diet plus what they drink), the Abingdon cat on dry food consumes approximately half the travel writing Hebron amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on School a canned food diet consumes approximately double the travel Hebron Academy amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and paragraphs Stanstead College water bowl) are considered. This is a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and bladder problems are in essays Hebron, the cat. Think of canned food as ‘flushing out’ your cat’s bladder several times each day.

Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is a very good thing for bladder health. Because of this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cat’s Point of View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the only sanitary choice of litter to Abingdon School use for cats. Travel? Non-clumping litters do not allow you to remove all of the School urine and are not sanitary litters. Toby – very lean, energetic and athletic on a proper diet. He is Hebron Academy, 18 years old and still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to and essays College me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. Travel Essays? If someone wants to discuss the information contained on this site in more detail, an SKODA AUTO University, appointment for a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and writing essays frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food – regardless of quality level of the canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of seeing cats suffering tremendously from how to write literature College, blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of Man’s love affair with dry food. Try not to drive yourself nuts when picking out a canned cat food. Travel Writing Essays Hebron? The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the best that you can – given the information below, the information on the Commercial Foods page, and also the Cat Food Composition chart linked in the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on the first four columns and the last column if you care about calories/can. The first four columns show the caloric distribution which is the best way to analyze food. I ignore the dry matter basis columns.

I mentioned above that you should refrain from “driving yourself nuts” but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the how to write essay SKODA commercial pet food industry in 2003, I started making my cats’ food. See Making Cat Food for more information. I got tired of dealing with all of the pros and cons associated with the Academy commercial options and the ‘unknowns.’ However, putting my controlling nature aside, let’s move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to paragraphs and essays be firmly in essays, your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of food for a human. The “guaranteed analysis” numbers that you find on a can of food for protein, fat, and water (moisture) are listed as “minimums” and write SKODA University “maximums” which, by definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the labels never list the carbohydrate amount which is writing Academy, very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in terms of Curtin (Navitas), composition unless you are willing to Academy call the company and ask for their ‘ typical nutrient analysis ‘ which is data that comes from Abingdon School, testing an actual batch of food. During the summer of 2012, I spent over 1,000 hours calling.

45 pet food companies to Hebron Academy gather data for my Cat Food Composition chart. However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at thinkinh School any point in time so if you desire the most up-to-date information, you will need to call the writing essays Hebron individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out University (Navitas) – but only in some ways. Academy? For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on the label, it is Stanstead College, a safe bet that the food is low in carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the Hebron Academy ingredient on writing university International School Eerde the nutritional profile of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is why it is important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to also look at writing essays Hebron the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for the information. A good example of the above issue is a food like canned Wellness.

At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in the form of fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in starch (carbohydrate). Abingdon School? However, the low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the amount of fruits and vegetables is very low. Again, we would like to travel writing essays Hebron stay under 10% of calories coming from carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from University (Navitas), a cat’s diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in many commercial cat foods. Think ‘profit margin’. Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from writing essays Academy, food with gravy and write sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is travel writing Hebron Academy, a common ingredient used by many pet food manufacturers – especially Purina – because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the ingredient list is useful since we don’t care how much of the offending ingredient is in the food. The bottom line is that we don’t want any of the write essay d'Overbroeck's ingredient to be present. Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and travel Hebron soy tend to be the and essays College most hyperallergenic ingredients for the cat – especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to feed grains or potatoes. Travel Essays Academy? Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an articles University, all-by-product canned food than any dry food. Travel Hebron Academy? This is because even the SKODA cheaper canned foods have the ‘Big Three’ covered: 1) high in travel essays Hebron, water. 2) usually low in carbohydrates.

3) the protein is from animals – not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is more variability when quality is being considered when compared to muscle meat. By-products are discussed in more detail on the Commercial Foods page in how to write essay SKODA University, this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as “chicken,” or “turkey,” etc., not “chicken by-products” or “chicken by-product meal,” or “chicken broth” or “liver”.

“Chicken meal” is travel writing Hebron, technically a muscle meat but the term “meal” denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for a long time at very high temperatures) and is lower in writing essays International School Eerde, quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A “meal” product is more commonly found in dry foods. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing “liver” as a first ingredient. Travel Essays Hebron Academy? (Example: Purina’s prescription diet DM canned for reflective essay SKODA AUTO, feline diabetic patients. Travel Hebron? There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is a very nutritious organ meat – and reflective essay SKODA should be present in small amounts – but it should never be the first ingredient as it is very high in vitamin A and possibly D and you don’t want to feed too much of those vitamins. Liver is cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a company’s profit margin when used in high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to essays Hebron Academy pay attention to.

BHA, BHT, and ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in terms of university essays School, safety. Please note that Hill’s has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in many of their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from some of travel Hebron Academy, their foods. Be sure to how to reflective SKODA AUTO University check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the writing practice of using these chemicals as preservatives long ago – opting for more natural and safer methods. Also, please take note of a recent deceptive move by Hill’s whereby they have incorporated into how to literature essay their labeling the travel essays Academy word “maize” as a substitute for how to College, the word “corn”. Maize IS corn and since this company is writing, well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the corn in their diets by writing essays International, calling it “maize”. Hill’s is hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the fact that maize is corn. I do not use products made by Hill’s (including their over-the-counter and “Prescription Diets”) since there are always healthier options available.

Marketing labels such as “ natural, ” or “ premium, ” or “ veterinarian recommended, ” or “prescription” are not necessarily indicative of travel essays Academy, high quality so please be careful not to fall into write essay Northfield Mount Hermon that trap. “ Indoor only ” is another meaningless marketing label that is nothing more than an enticing gimmick. Travel Writing? This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over their heads. If you are thinking about feeding any ‘breed-specific’ food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. A Siamese is no different from Persian or a Maine Coon – or an writing university International School Eerde, ‘alley cat’ – when considering optimal dietary composition. No matter the breed, the cat is still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on writing Academy Hill’s over-the-counter products contain a statement that says “Veterinarian Recommended.” Unfortunately, many of my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by Hill’s (as well as Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin) and this is a testament to Curtin (Navitas) the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in proper feline nutrition and simply defer to these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. These large budgets include substantial sums of money dedicated to sponsoring – including very heavy advertising – our professional meetings and travel writing Hebron Academy infiltrating veterinary schools to get students ‘married’ to their products.

Keep in write essay d'Overbroeck's, mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the manufacturing of essays Hebron, high quality or healthy products. Let’s move on to the veterinarian ‘prescribed’ diets which are also known as “therapeutic” or “prescription” diets. “ Prescription/therapeutic diet ” is another label that is certainly not indicative of a high quality diet or one that is necessary. These diets represent an area of the commercial cat food industry that is writing College, very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of embarrassment for this profession. Many of these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and soy which have no logical place in your cat’s diet. These diets are often very high in carbohydrates and, of writing Hebron, course, all of the Abingdon dry versions are water-depleted . Many of them also contain by-products as the main – and often only writing – source of School, protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the least of my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for a more consistent source of high quality protein. Travel Writing Hebron Academy? (See by-products on the Commercial Food page for essays International, more details.) Study the writing essays Hebron Academy ingredient list for Hill’s dry i/d while keeping in mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is University (Navitas), 29% carbohydrates on a dry matter basis and is, of course, water-depleted.

The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and composition mirror those of many dry foods found in travel essays Hebron, pet stores and supermarkets. Articles Curtin? Also, this is a very good example of the travel writing Hebron ingredient splitting rule. This rule states that ingredients have to write literature be listed very specifically which works in the pet food manufacturers’ favor.

It allows the writing Hebron Academy grain fractions to (Navitas) be broken up into smaller components which places them lower on the list since ingredients are listed by weight. Travel Writing Hebron Academy? However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the protein content) often greatly outweighs the first ingredient . I have asked many times on VIN (Veterinary Information Network – the who’s who of veterinary specialists from all over the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a “Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health” or, for how to write essay AUTO University, that matter, what makes it an optimal diet to feed to any cat? I have never received an answer and the VIN threads have had Hill’s representatives participating. My questions about the Hebron Academy quality and composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is thinkinh Abingdon School, important to note that most of travel writing Academy, these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in how to write essay, this species. It is also critical to understand that there is no independent agency overseeing these diets’ medical claims. None.

Zero. Including the FDA. The fox is definitely guarding the Academy henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. The FDA has ‘punted’ the responsibility of scrutinizing these diets for efficacy, safety, and suitability to articles Curtin (Navitas) the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in the area of nutrition. Travel Writing Essays? This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by people who have strong ties to university essays International Eerde the pet food industry. These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of interest. Essays Hebron? In the write reflective end, the members of my profession allow Hill’s, Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in our patients’ food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the “ Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options” paper that I am working on: ‘Prescription Diet’ trademark – marketing tool creates false perception. As an example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hill’s secured trademark status for the term “prescription diet” in travel essays, 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to university International School intense scrutiny and testing.

However, nothing could be further from the truth. There is a strong argument to be made that no trademark protection should be granted for any marketing label containing the word “prescription” given the strong potential to seduce the buyers of these products into a false sense of security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled “prescription” has been put through multiple layers of regulatory and testing paces. If any product – including food – is allowed to carry a “prescription” label, it needs to be held to the same standards as a prescription medication. Otherwise, the word “prescription” becomes no more than a marketing label, and as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the writing Hebron FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: “‘Prescription diet’ is an industry-coined term and holds no legal meaning.” In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. The trademarked term “prescription diet” is simply a clever marketing tool between Hill’s and veterinarians . The sale of these diets is restricted (by Hill’s, not by law) to veterinarians only. Curtin (Navitas)? In return, Hill’s enjoys a boost in perception of quality brought about by travel essays, this profession’s endorsement of Curtin University, their products. However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the integrity of our profession. I want to make it clear that probably 99% of all veterinarians who ‘prescribe’ these diets truly feel that they are doing the writing essays Hebron best for their patients. Essay University? The companies (Hill’s, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the ‘alphabet’ diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from falling into the trap of travel essays Hebron Academy, using them.

These companies make it very easy for us. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. Write Literature Essay? If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy – take some c/d off the travel writing essays Hebron shelf. Given a veterinarian’s busy schedule and and essays College stressful life, one can see just how seductive the use of the ‘alphabet’ diets are. However, contrary to what is often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the writing ‘therapeutic/prescription’ diets sold in how to write essay Northfield Mount, veterinary hospitals are not formulated for optimal health of a carnivore and, in many cases, are actually detrimental to the patient’s health.

In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the problems they claim to treat. Add to this the very high price tag on these diets and we have what I consider to travel writing Hebron be a very big ‘black eye’ for the profession. The only time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is discussed here on the Urinary Tract Health page. Canned s/d is occasionally used but only temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of defaulting to the ‘alphabet’ diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for my patients that leaves more money in the client’s wallet and how to a good Northfield Hermon much better nutrition in the cat’s food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for travel writing essays Academy, their cat and assume that it means slaving away in the kitchen every day. I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Articles Curtin (Navitas)? Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for my cats which is a very small price to writing essays Academy pay for the control that I have over writing university School Eerde what goes into travel their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and I would definitely never feed them any “prescription” diets. I would love to see veterinarians stop being so ‘married’ to the diets they reach for how to write essay d'Overbroeck's, every day and travel Academy learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and start considering the use of higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter – or homemade – diets. Their patients – and thinkinh their clients’ bank account – will be a lot better off for travel writing, it.

Common Feline Health Problems and Their Ties to Diet. There is writing essays International Eerde, a very strong and extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious – and difficult to manage – disease that is not uncommon in cats. We do not know all of the travel essays causes of this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is decreased to a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods. Given this fact, and given what we know about SKODA how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is not a stretch to say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in causing diabetes in essays, some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and all high carbohydrate canned food from their cat’s diet. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and reflective SKODA AUTO University is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in the body resistant to essays Hebron Academy insulin. International School? This promotes the diabetic state. It is very important to understand the travel writing essays Academy impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page – especially the write essay STOP sign section – otherwise you will be putting your cat in danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. Travel Essays? If the insulin is Abingdon, not lowered accordingly, an overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of travel essays Hebron Academy, routine. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.

Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and Hill’s m/d but you can do much better for your cat (and your pocketbook) by feeding other more nutritious – and lower carbohydrate – canned foods. See the Cat Food Composition chart. You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and Fancy Feast are also fine to feed. Kidney Disease (CKD – formerly called “CRF”) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in the cat. It is troubling to think about the essay SKODA role that chronic dehydration may play in travel writing essays Hebron Academy, causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance – especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of water via their ‘leaky’ kidneys – when they are on a diet of predominantly dry food. The prescription dry ‘renal diets’ such as Hill’s k/d – which are commonly prescribed by veterinarians – contain only a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for canned food) leaving your cat in a less than optimal state of water balance.

I have no other word for dry ‘renal’ diets other than “atrocious” given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. Reflective University? I would have to be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to Hebron any cat in my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of Abingdon School, dry food. This is an extremely illogical and travel writing essays Hebron Academy unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the following list of the first four ingredients of thinkinh Abingdon, Hill’s dry k/d after reviewing this section on reading a pet food label – and writing Academy bearing in paragraphs Stanstead, mind that your cat is a carnivore.

This diet (or any other dry ‘renal’ diet) would never find its way into a food bowl owned by any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and the fourth ingredient is a by-product meal which is not necessarily an travel writing essays, unhealthy source of protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (“chicken”) in articles University, this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of this ‘prescription’ diet is to restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. Essays Hebron Academy? However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of how to reflective essay, kidney function.

‘Renal’ diets restrict protein to writing the point that many cats – those that are not consuming enough of the diet to provide their daily protein calorie needs – will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in muscle wasting and weight loss. This internal breakdown of the cat’s own muscle mass will cause an increase in creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. The rise in creatinine and BUN, and articles muscle wasting, can lead to an often-erroneous conclusion that the patient’s CKD is worsening. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in writing essays Hebron Academy, any cat that is write d'Overbroeck's, not consuming enough protein, but the level of travel essays Hebron, protein in and essays Stanstead College, these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of travel Academy, plant proteins – not meat proteins – especially the dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for writing university essays School Eerde, a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water”.

If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to travel Academy read this webpage. Cystitis is an a good history Northfield, extremely common and very painful problem in the cat. Essays Academy? Stones are also very common and can lead to a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is thinkinh, heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on all canned food – especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the litter box) and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. Any cat that is repeatedly entering the Hebron Academy litter box but not voiding any urine is in need of IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is one reason why it is so important to use a clumping (scoopable) litter. How To Write Literature D'Overbroeck's? Clumping litter allows you to travel essays Hebron Academy see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to note, however, that “crystals” are not the thinkinh same thing as stones.

Crystals are often a normal finding in Academy, a cat’s urine and it is not necessarily appropriate to put the cat on a “special urinary tract” formula when these are found in how to write a good Mount, the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on Hebron Academy the identification of articles, crystals in the urine without regard to how the travel essays Hebron Academy urine sample was handled. It is very important to reflective essay SKODA AUTO understand that crystals will often form once outside of the body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of travel Hebron, time. If the veterinarian does not examine the urine right away and university essays International Eerde either sends it to an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from Hebron, home, an erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. This is called a “false positive” report and results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and often leads to the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and articles University bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the writing Academy prevention and treatment of diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on School a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity – USG) and they produce a lower volume of urine (often half of what a cat on canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of crystals will be present in the urine. This increases the essays Hebron chance of paragraphs and essays College, these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to Academy get water with their food. A diet of canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the Curtin urinary tract system and help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of water (plain or flavored – such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per essays Academy meal is also very beneficial. Make your own tuna water by Northfield Mount, taking one can of travel essays, tuna and how to literature essay College mixing the contents into 3 cups of water. Writing Essays? Mash it up and how to write a good history essay Northfield let it sit for. 15 minutes. Pour the water into covered ice cube trays.

Freeze to prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to essays Hebron Academy keep the University water tasting and smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is much more effective in increasing your cat’s water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of writing essays Hebron Academy, water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in your cat’s urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in cat urine are as normal as the leaves that fall on writing university essays International Eerde your driveway. However, if you don’t regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the garage.

This is what happened to Opie above. His ‘driveway’ (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to pass any urine resulting in a tremendous amount of travel Academy, suffering and a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the leaves in this analogy, it is Curtin (Navitas), easy to see how canned food does a better job of flushing out your cat’s bladder – several times each day – than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an abnormal finding in cat urine. However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on feeding the writing essays Hebron Academy cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.

Urine pH is how to essay SKODA AUTO University, also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the writing Hebron Academy important issue here – not urine pH. Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the articles University (Navitas) urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and travel writing essays Hebron can also lead to writing paragraphs Stanstead College hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note – for essays Academy, those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH – that there are many factors which determine the writing paragraphs and essays Stanstead pH of urine and only one of essays Hebron Academy, them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the writing paragraphs Stanstead College day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and travel writing essays Hebron is not terribly helpful information. With regard to dry food and urinary tract health, aside from the lack of thinkinh School, water in this type of diet, there is also a correlation between the consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hill’s Prescription dry c/d for urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only ten percent water and contain a high level of species-inappropriate ingredients and essays Hebron questionable preservatives.

They are also very high in thinkinh Abingdon School, carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the first few ingredients in c/d while remembering that your cat is travel Hebron Academy, a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and less chicken by-product meal. Diet is Abingdon, not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and one that we can control. Stress is travel writing, also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is writing Eerde, that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the diet are the most important management issues to address. The water content of the diet is easy to Hebron control – feed canned food with added water. The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and are often ‘silent’ in their stress.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. Remember: pain = stress and we are trying to minimize the stress in these patients. Buprenex is a good choice for a pain medication and I often dispense it for the client to d'Overbroeck's have on hand for chronic cystitis patients – as long as the travel essays Academy client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and Curtin University is not obstructed. (I say “he” because males have a long, narrow urethra and are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for Academy, pain management in the cat in how to write essay AUTO University, the past. (Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the travel essays treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of cystitis are sterile. Essays International School Eerde? In other words, they are not the result of an travel Hebron Academy, infection and the patient should not be placed on Abingdon antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Most cats under 10 years of travel writing essays Hebron, age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. The reason that an older cat is more prone to urinary tract infections is articles Curtin University (Navitas), because kidney disease is more common in this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over 10 years of age and travel essays both disease render the articles Curtin patient more prone to essays Hebron Academy urinary tract infections.

20% – or less – of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health – Cystitis) actually have an infection so. 80% of this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to be put on reflective essay SKODA antibiotics. A urine culture and travel essays Hebron Academy sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for write a good essay, an infection, especially if the patient has a low urine specific gravity or is essays Hebron Academy, diabetic. It must be kept in writing paragraphs and essays College, mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to an infection. This is why it is important to writing Academy run a C S before placing the thinkinh School patient on antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in travel essays Hebron Academy, both human and veterinary medicine. This is especially true of Convenia . Please do not allow that drug to be injected into write literature essay your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the bacteria (if present) and tells the veterinarian which antibiotic is essays Hebron Academy, appropriate. University International Eerde? The urine for a C S needs to travel essays be obtained by way of articles (Navitas), cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to writing Academy obtain urine directly from the bladder. This is not a painful procedure for the cat and this method is the essay d'Overbroeck's only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in their bladder to get a good sample.

To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous (just under the travel essays Academy skin) fluids. Stanstead College? The patient is writing essays Academy, then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours (or less), the bladder is usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an infection! Cystitis will often recur in a good, these patients and this painful health problem can be very frustrating to travel writing Academy deal with.

On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people don’t understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to reflective SKODA do with the writing Hebron patient’s improvement. When this happens, the abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in university essays School Eerde, the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the travel essays Hebron Academy only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is logical to Curtin (Navitas) start to travel writing Hebron Academy “treat” a gastrointestinal problem in the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is food that ‘bathes’ the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and essay a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in our IBD patients. There are an impressive number of anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from their diet and a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of Hebron, cats with IBD that improved tremendously on a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for writing university essays School Eerde, a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to writing Hebron focus more heavily on feeding these patients an appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for two years until put on a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. “Frequent” is hard to and essays define, in this case, but if your cat is vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to feed to writing Hebron Academy cats suffering from hairballs. Writing International School? The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into writing essays Hebron Academy the cat in the first place.

This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in some cases, shaving the cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is not an easy task and is, therefore, not a ‘quick fix’ for this problem but it is an option for serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is Abingdon School, under general anesthesia. Academy? Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to articles (Navitas) keep her comfortable during the travel writing Hebron Academy hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is writing university essays International Eerde, a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.

Shorthaired cats – especially double-coated cats – can also have problems with hairballs. Writing Essays Hebron? However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat. That said, if we want to thinkinh School help our cats out in this area, we need to brush them daily. Trying to ‘chase’ hair after it has gained entrance into the cat’s intestinal tract is futile. Diet is not the answer and neither are any of the ‘hairball remedies’ on the market. As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states “this is not a grease deficiency!”

Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in cats. Travel Writing Hebron Academy? Overweight cats are four times more likely to writing School develop diabetes than cats that are at an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of jail Obese cats suffer from painful orthopedic problems Mindy and Molly – just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for travel writing essays Academy, her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to University (Navitas) meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to travel essays Academy no carbohydrates. How To Reflective Essay SKODA AUTO University? Carbohydrates are minimally used for writing essays, energy and those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. The so-called “light” diets that are on the market have targeted the fat content as the how to write nutrient to travel writing essays Hebron Academy be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the writing essays diet, or both.

Since animal-based protein (meat and essays Hebron organs) is writing paragraphs and essays Stanstead, more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the carbohydrate levels in these foods making them very species-inappropriate and unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of essays Hebron, calories), moderate in writing and essays Stanstead, fat (under 50% of calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of travel essays Hebron Academy, calories), and high in water. When looking at the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Why? Because fat is cheaper than protein. The calories from protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the calories to be divided between protein and fat. Protein is expensive.

Fat is cheap. Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in fat. Examples of nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the how to write SKODA AUTO University higher protein diets are fish-based but it is writing, not a good idea to feed fish to thinkinh cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. Fish can be high in travel writing Hebron Academy, mercury, high in PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hyperthyroidism), high in writing university Eerde, phosphorus (not good for older cats’ kidneys) and writing Hebron Academy can be very addicting. Write History Mount? It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats. Water content of the writing Academy diet is very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Writing Paragraphs? Dry food is very calorically dense and is high in travel Hebron, carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is.

Many cats on the commercial ‘light’ or ‘less active’ diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fat. This is not our goal. The goal is to lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in how to write a good essay Northfield Mount Hermon, comparison to travel essays Hebron Academy cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of these “light” diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of reflective essay SKODA University, a diet that is inappropriate for the species is not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

See Molly’s and Bennie’s story of weight loss on writing this site’s Feline Obesity page to articles Curtin read about Hebron Academy how these sweet cats went from thinkinh, inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and cleaning herself due to travel essays Hebron her obese condition which was brought on by the consumption of dry food. Kittens, however, loved using her for a pillow. Molly’s veterinarian had prescribed Hill’s Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to feed Molly only literature very small portions – and to put a shock collar on her to keep her away from her housemates’ food. This is obviously not sound – or humane – obesity management advice. Hill’s Prescription r/d is a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the following inappropriate and unhealthy ingredients including a high level of writing essays Hebron Academy, fiber which a feline intestinal tract is not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.

Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and BHT but a plant-based protein is articles Curtin University, now the predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to travel essays Hebron Academy be. There are much more species appropriate – and less expensive – ways to address feline obesity. Abingdon? However, if you are contemplating the use of the grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and often lead to weight gain , in addition to being detrimental to Hebron urinary tract health because of a good history Northfield, their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for any reason, are in danger of developing this serious, and often fatal, disease. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to Hebron Academy experiencing this disease.

Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and (Navitas) are not supported by studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to travel writing Academy harm cats by perpetuating the idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about how to write a good Northfield Mount Hermon as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on Hebron the teeth. Second, a cat’s jaws and teeth are designed for shearing and tearing meat – not biting down on dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the majority of their dry food whole. There are many factors – known and unknown – that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and thinkinh Abingdon the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in writing essays, the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is Abingdon, a far cry from the writing Hebron consistency of dry or canned food.

Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cat’s normal diet of writing paragraphs Stanstead College, mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in nature, it makes much more sense to be feeding part of the travel writing Hebron diet in the form of large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cat’s teeth are designed to chew. Raw meat is ‘tougher’ to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to use raw meat – or lightly baked to kill the surface bacteria – to promote dental health. University International Eerde? See Making Cat Food – Dental Health. Notice the phrase “part of the diet” in the above sentence. It is very important to essays Hebron Academy understand that plain meat (ie – without bones or another source of calcium) is very unbalanced since there is articles (Navitas), minimal calcium in meat. Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the bones along with the meat. When fed as a supplement to most commercial canned foods, it is safe to feed. 15 – 20% of the daily calories in the form of plain meat. For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of canned food per day, you could feed him 5 ounces of canned food plus 1 ounce of chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me “how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?”, I reply “how often do you brush your own teeth?”

And speaking of brushing teeth , this is, by far, the writing essays Academy best way to promote your cat’s dental health. See this video for more information. Please pay close attention to (Navitas) the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. If you try to brush your cat’s teeth in the face of a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is Academy, scared – along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the painful mouth with your vet. With regard to frequency, once-daily is optimal.

By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is thinkinh, necessarily better for writing essays Academy, teeth than dry food. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is practical in a typical home setting and feeding a cat a ‘whole carcass prey’ diet is write literature d'Overbroeck's College, not terribly practical – even if it would be great for their teeth. The compromise is to at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in addition to brushing their teeth if possible, and to stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in our cats. I am often asked about ‘dental’ diets such as Hill’s t/d but if someone has read to this point on writing Academy this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the epitome of ‘tunnel vision’ nutrition. All ‘dental’ diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and Abingdon as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to feed for the health of the travel essays Hebron Academy *whole* cat, not just one part of writing Stanstead, him. Hill’s t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didn’t treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.

Some of these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in dry foods, or they may have been reacting to the gluten (protein fraction) part of the grains that are present in dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of travel writing Hebron Academy, steroids – while still being fed an inappropriate diet. While steroids are necessary in many cases of airway disease, they are not addressing the how to a good history essay Northfield Mount Hermon root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an allergy to proteins in the form of travel writing essays Hebron Academy, species-inappropriate grains, and insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in articles Curtin (Navitas), cats and also render them vulnerable to infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents so it is very important to writing essays Hebron make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cat’s respiratory symptoms. Robbie and Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is paragraphs and essays Stanstead, far from a clean, safe, and writing essays Hebron pathogen-free source of how to reflective essay AUTO University, food for your cat. Please see this section on writing essays Hebron my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to contamination of commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by how to essay, molds.

Molds are very common contaminants of grains but molds can be found in many different food sources. Travel Hebron Academy? In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into their feed. There is no doubt in write essay, my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the travel writing Hebron Academy veterinarian and thinkinh Abingdon pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and writing Academy realizes that the diet is the writing paragraphs and essays Stanstead source of the pet’s illness. Keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in travel writing Hebron, warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in writing essays School Eerde, your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the writing essays Hebron Academy very least, dry food should be kept in the refrigerator but it is better to just refrain from feeding this type of food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to Canned Food. This is the hard part. Cats, like children, often resist what is best for them.

The two most frequent comments that I hear from people when trying to convince them to write Northfield Mount feed their cats a healthier diet are “my cat won’t eat canned food” and “but my cat really likes his dry food.” Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Travel Writing Academy? Time, patience and articles University (Navitas) tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is writing essays Hebron, because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. They coat the kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat – making a poor quality diet very desirable to the target animal. In addition to d'Overbroeck's College the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is one of a crunchy texture which is travel essays, very different from canned food.

Cats are very resistant to such a drastic change in the texture of their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of how to write reflective essay AUTO University, dry food is the way to go, read on for some tips on writing Academy how to accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and with patience and incorporate various tricks for the stubborn cats. The most important issue is actually making the change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of Abingdon, patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.

They had been on travel writing essays dry food their entire lives and did not recognize canned food as food. My cats ranged in age from 2 years to 10 years at the time of the essays International School Eerde transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and again is to say that their cat “won’t touch” the new food and then panic and fill up the bowl with dry food. In many cases, it is simply not that easy to get cats off of dry food. (See Molly’s Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of cats – those that will eat canned food and those that will be extremely resistant to eating anything other than dry food. If your cat falls into the first category, lucky you. These cats will take to it with the attitude of “finally – an appropriate diet for my species.” In this case, if your cat has been on all dry food, or only receives canned food as an occasional ‘treat’, start by feeding canned food in increasing amounts. Essays Hebron? Gradually decrease the dry, taking about a week to writing paragraphs and essays fully switch the cat over to 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the transition. I do not worry if this happens and tend to ‘ride it out.’ If diarrhea results from the travel writing essays Academy diet change you will either need to experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and do it over a period of several weeks.

Note that in over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to stay healthy but some need to be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 – 220 calories per day which will be found in 5-6 ounces of the average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the a good history essay Cat Food Composition chart – far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Too thin? Feed more. Andy and Calvin.

If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the fact that he is a carnivore and would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to essays do. Some cats that have been on dry food for their entire life will be quite resistant to the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to how to write literature d'Overbroeck's College make the transition to travel essays Academy a healthier diet. For ‘resistant-to-change’ cats, you will need to use the normal sensation of hunger to help with the transition. For this reason, it is very important to stop free-feeding dry food. How To Write Literature Essay D'Overbroeck's College? This is the first, and writing essays Hebron very critical, step.

You need to (Navitas) establish set mealtimes. They are not going to travel writing Hebron try anything new if their bowl of articles Curtin (Navitas), junk food is in front of them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. It really is okay for essays, them to experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for me to listen to my cats begging for food even though I was strong in my conviction that I was heading them in university School Eerde, the best direction for travel writing essays Academy, optimal health. It truly was a stressful time for me and them. Actually, I think it was harder on me!

This is how to write essay AUTO University, where many people fail and just give in and fill up the dry food bowl. There were a few times when I had to travel writing Hebron Academy call my ‘sponsor’ and was instructed to how to write Northfield “just leave the house if you can’t take looking into those eyes!” I left the Hebron Academy house. Abingdon School? Those pitiful little cries of travel writing Hebron Academy, “I have not had food for two WHOLE hours!” were hard to take. How To Write Literature D'Overbroeck's College? But, lo and writing essays Hebron Academy behold, they were just fine when I returned. Not one cat had died from hunger. On the reflective essay AUTO other hand, do not attempt to withhold food for long periods of time (greater than 24 hours) with the hope that your cat will choose the new food. You need to ‘convince’ them that a high quality canned food really is good for them, rather than to travel Hebron try starving them into Abingdon School it – which does not work anyway. Allowing a cat to go without food – especially an overweight cat – for a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and may result in writing essays Academy, hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over a period of many days. The definition of “many” varies from cat-to-cat. For this reason it is important to understand that you need to have some idea of the calories from canned food combined with the calories from dry food that your cat is consuming on articles (Navitas) a daily basis while you are implementing the travel writing transition to canned food.

I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is figured on lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per writing International day. (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the cat in travel Academy, the above example would probably be completely safe at university International only 150 calories per writing day. If you have a small female cat that should only weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is consuming at least 135 calories per day. Canned foods never list the how to write calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on the bag. A rough guideline for the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from 20 to 40 calories/ounce as shown by the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. Given that a very high percentage of cats are overweight to begin with, this is a favorable result of the diet change – as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.

A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of his body weight per week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of travel essays Academy, age. This will help ensure a safe transition to essay AUTO a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is often the first sign of ill health for Hebron, any reason. I make it a point to paragraphs Stanstead College weigh my cats at travel writing Academy least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of age. Here is a scale that is reasonably priced: Salter Baby and Abingdon Toddler scale. It weighs to travel essays Hebron Academy the nearest 1/2 ounce and has a ‘hold’ button on it that helps obtain an accurate weight even for a cat that is how to write a good history Northfield Hermon, moving around a bit. Here is another scale that may be even better because its base is as long as the scale.

Red Cross Baby Scale. This is travel, important for cats that are trained to write reflective AUTO University walk onto it otherwise, scales like the Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and harm the scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to switch them to writing Hebron Academy canned but none of them became too thin. They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight – losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. They also became much more active. If your cat is overweight, please see the Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to the fact that you will be very frustrated at times and you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at it. How To Write A Good History Northfield Mount? Also, you may want to Hebron Academy immediately switch your cat to a dry food that has fewer calories from carbohydrates than most dry foods. Articles Curtin (Navitas)? (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in fat and therefore are very calorie dense.

These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per essays Hebron cup. One quarter of a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to pay attention to how much of these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an average cat can range between 150 – 250 calories/day depending on their lean body weight and activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in writing essays International School Eerde, phosphorus. Essays Hebron Academy? This is history essay Northfield Hermon, especially detrimental for cats with compromised kidney function. And, of writing essays, course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted – just like all dry foods – putting your cat at risk for serious urinary tract problems. They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the reasons stated above.

Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from any “light” varieties since those types of foods are very high in how to literature essay d'Overbroeck's College, carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on travel writing essays Hebron a free-choice basis, take up the food and writing International Eerde establish a schedule of 2 – 3 times per day feedings . Writing Essays Hebron Academy? I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to try something new.

If you want to take the transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period – split up into two feedings to articles get him used to meal feeding. Many people, however, are unsure as to travel how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the calories that your cat needs to maintain his weight if he does not need to lose any weight. Leave the dry food down for university essays School, 20 minutes, and then remove any uneaten portion. Repeat in 8-12 hours depending on if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per writing Academy day. Curtin (Navitas)? During the first few days of travel, transitioning to a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the dry food meals, or in-between meals. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Do not despair – all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and patient enough.

Once your cat is on how to write literature a schedule you will notice that he is essays, more enthusiastic about food during his proper mealtimes and will be much more inclined to try something new. Again, most cats only thinkinh need 150-250 calories/day. The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in a cup of food but if it does not, you can call the company. Once the writing Hebron Academy cat has transitioned to write essay AUTO canned food, I prefer to either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to put out travel essays Hebron a meal 3-4 times per day. Small cats in the wild eat 8-10 small meals per day. How To History? I do not worry about leaving canned food out for up to Hebron Academy 12 hours at a time. (Navitas)? Keep in mind that a lion is not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at each mealtime in order to get the normal sensation of hunger to work in your favor.

Again, we are trying to use the travel writing essays Hebron normal sensation of hunger to help us out. We are not trying to starve the cat into the diet change. Abingdon? Once your cat is on a schedule of meal-feeding instead of free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it – and travel Hebron Academy the very stubborn ones won’t – try not to get frustrated – and do not put down dry food. Try some of the other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Offer the canned again in a couple of hours – or just leave it out. Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by essays Eerde, it and seeing/smelling it. Travel Essays Hebron? Try a different brand/flavor or a different ‘trick.’ Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup – or less if it is EVO) of his dry food – keeping track of his daily caloric intake . Remember to be patient. Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.

Cats’ noses are much more sensitive than ours are. They can smell the dry food in articles Curtin, the cupboards. I suggest either putting it in travel writing, the refrigerator or putting it in writing and essays College, a tightly sealed container. Essays Academy? If they can smell it, they will hold out for articles Curtin, it. Some people recommend getting it out of travel writing, your house completely, but this is not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of Curtin University, time and patience to make the travel writing Hebron Academy transition happen. The following worked for my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of tuna – or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and would prefer cooked chicken) – on top of the canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. Write SKODA? (The “light” tuna is better than the fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joe’s makes a Cat Tuna that is very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the essays amount of fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Write A Good Essay Northfield Mount Hermon? Plus, you do not want to create a situation where your cat will only eat very fishy foods. Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is warmed up a bit. Cats prefer their food at ‘mouse body temperature’.

Try offering some cooked (or raw – whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . One of the goals is to get your cat used to eating food that does not crunch. He needs to get used to travel Academy a different texture. Also, chicken is Mount, a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the essays chicken, he may head right into eating canned food. Then again….he may not. Writing Paragraphs College? Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on the canned food. Most cats love parmesan cheese and this trick has been very successful for travel writing essays, me.

Try a product called FortiFlora – feline version. Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and this has recently become my favorite trick . This is reflective AUTO University, a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to essays Hebron use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to use it as a flavor enhancer. The base ingredient in FortiFlora is animal digest – the very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to cats. The directions say to reflective SKODA use 1 package/day – and you can use this much if you want to – but this amount is travel Hebron, not usually necessary. How To Essay Northfield Mount Hermon? You may only need.

1/4 of travel essays, a package – or much less – with part mixed into how to literature d'Overbroeck's the food and part sprinkled on top of the travel Academy food just as you would use salt and pepper on your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an reflective essay SKODA AUTO, easier product to find is travel essays Hebron Academy, Temptations treats . I trap a lot of feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is one of the best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at most pet stores. Put a few in a baggie and how to SKODA University crush them with a hammer. Writing Hebron? Use the crushed treats as described for paragraphs and essays Stanstead, the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on the market that you can also sprinkle on travel writing Academy top of the Abingdon canned food. Halo’s Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Speaking of texture, a common question is “can I just soak the dry food in water?” I hedge more than just a bit at this question. Travel Writing Essays? Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Thinkinh Abingdon? Mold is also often found in dry food.

Both organisms flourish in moist environments. There have been many deaths of dogs and cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the travel writing Hebron Academy grains found in dry food. How To Write A Good Essay Hermon? If you want to try the trick of wetting down the dry food to alter the texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Try dipping some dry food pieces in the juice from the canned food. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. Writing Essays Academy? But if he will eat it with a bit of canned juice on how to write reflective essay SKODA it, try the ‘chip and dip’ trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of canned food onto the piece of travel Hebron Academy, dry food. Thinkinh? Put them on a separate plate from his small portion of dry food. Some cats will eat their small portion of essays Hebron, dry and then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of canned on thinkinh School it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the canned food to the small portion of Academy, dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell – and texture – even if he does not eat any pieces of the new food. Thinkinh? Crush some dry food and travel writing sprinkle it on the top of the canned food.

If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of canned food or juice on how to write essay College the cat’s gums This may get him interested in writing essays Hebron Academy, the taste and texture of the new food – but do it gently . You do not want to make this a stressful situation and reflective essay SKODA create a food aversion. (This trick is commonly used to writing get just-weaned kittens used to eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to put a tiny bit of canned food or juice on his paw for him to thinkinh lick off. This has not worked for me in writing Hebron, the two cats I have tried it on but it is another idea. Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Again, you do not want to create a food aversion. University? If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to eat alone in a less stressful environment, so you may need to writing Hebron Academy take these cats into a separate, quiet room to think about the AUTO University error of their ways – their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. Once in a quiet setting, away from the travel Hebron other cats, two of my cats would eat canned food/tuna ‘meatballs’ by hand. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from my hand. I’m not sure who was being trained. They did eventually start eating from how to essay Northfield Mount Hermon, a bowl after a few hand feedings. Try various brands and flavors of canned foods.

Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Many cats prefer the foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to get your cat used to eating canned food and not dry kibble. And remember what I said above. Writing Essays Hebron Academy? I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.

Syringe-feeding is also another option but has to be done with finesse and patience so as to avoid a food aversion. If you choose to syringe-feed, your goal is not to feed him a full meal. Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 cc’s can ‘jump-start’ your cat into thinkinh Abingdon School eating the canned food – maybe not the first time but it will at least get him to taste the travel writing Hebron new food and experience a foreign texture. The best way to syringe-feed is to kneel on the floor with your cat between your legs so he is facing the writing paragraphs College same way as you are. Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in the side of his mouth and give about travel writing Hebron 1/2 cc at School a time. He may spit it out but you are just trying to get him used to the taste and texture, not stress him.

Few canned foods will make it through the tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to use canned cat food instead of travel essays Hebron, baby food, you will need to articles (Navitas) cut the essays Academy end off of the syringe so that the paragraphs and essays College opening is as big as the writing essays Hebron barrel. Make sure that the College tip is smooth. Travel? If you do not want to cut the University tip of the syringe off, you will need to writing Hebron puree a pate (versus chunks) type of food. I puree Wellness for write literature, this. I run it through the blender with a small amount of writing essays Hebron Academy, water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Articles University? Then I strain it to remove anything big enough to clog the small tip of the syringe. Wellness is also a balanced diet – unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is not a balanced diet for essays Hebron, long-term use, it is how to write, a great tool that can be used to help transition a cat to a texture that he is not used to.

I did have to take drastic measures for a foster cat named Molly. She was dangerously obese (20 lbs – double what she should have weighed) and essays would not eat canned food even after two weeks of syringe-feeding her. How To A Good History Essay Mount Hermon? She needed to go in for travel essays, a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in a feeding tube. This took the stress off of both of us. After two weeks of write literature d'Overbroeck's, feeding her via the tube she started licking the canned food from my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. She then started to finally lose weight. Before the travel writing essays Hebron 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Literature D'Overbroeck's College? Don’t give up. One of my barn cats ate dry food for writing Hebron Academy, the first 12 years of paragraphs and essays, her life. Essays? She would never touch the canned food that the other cats ate.

Then, one day, she found her ‘inner carnivore’ and started eating canned food out of the blue! I was shocked. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the thinkinh Abingdon School switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. Different tricks work on different cats. Travel Writing Academy? The key is to be patient. How To Write Reflective Essay AUTO University? Remember, it took me three months to get my cats on 100% canned food. Writing Hebron Academy? Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and Andy are at a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to the idea of how to essay SKODA University, feeding their cat raw meat but this is what a carnivore is travel essays Academy, designed to eat.

Keep in mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is write d'Overbroeck's, not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from humans with respect to their susceptibility to ‘food poisoning’. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 – 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is a very important point because the more time bacteria spend in the intestinal tract, the more they multiply, eventually leading to intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of raw meat are created equal.

For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. Academy? I buy only whole cuts of meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to kill the surface bacteria. Please see the Safety section on my Making Cat Food page for more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in it than many commercial dry foods. Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of mold toxins from grains which are never a danger in how to history Hermon, a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the Dangers of Dry food section on travel writing Hebron my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.

My cats have been thriving for the past 11 years on a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and thinkinh water to complete the diet. Note that the picture of the blue containers below is an essays Hebron Academy, old one. I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from plastic. Robbie waiting for dinner Cat food headed for writing university essays Eerde, the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by writing Academy, the idea of thinkinh Abingdon School, making their cat’s food but, in reality, it’s quite simple – as long as you follow a balanced recipe . Travel Hebron Academy? I make cat food once every few months and write essay SKODA University freeze it.

Making your own cat food doesn’t mean slaving in the kitchen every day–trust me, if it did, I wouldn’t be doing it. A few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for essays Hebron, having complete control over what goes into your cat’s food bowl. If you are interested in writing university essays School, preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website – second only to this home page. I am very pleasantly surprised to see that so many people are willing to make their cat’s food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on meat alone – without bones as a source of calcium.

While meat must be the primary component of travel essays Academy, a feline diet, there is not enough calcium in meat (without the bones) to provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is thinkinh Abingdon, not an optional ‘supplement’ but is a very critical component of the diet. The bones must be ground with the meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to writing Academy the recipe. (I am a stickler for and essays College, using fresh bone – not bone meal.) Another way to feed a raw meat diet is to purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Writing Hebron? Many people feed these diets with great results. Unfortunately, as is essay AUTO, also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to quality and travel essays Hebron Academy ingredients. Many of these products use only poultry backs and necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in writing paragraphs and essays, a much higher quantity than would be found in a cat’s natural diet. Plus, the vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cat’s prey.

This is a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to travel writing essays Academy feed vegetables to carnivores. Essay SKODA University? Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for travel essays Hebron Academy, vegetables and actually lack the enzymes needed to and essays Stanstead College break down this food source for efficient utilization. If you choose to feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework – including calling the company to see if they have had their food analyzed for things like phosphorus amount and the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at the percentage of essays Hebron, vegetables and fruits. Less than 5% is reasonable. Personally, I won’t feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in essay AUTO University, terms of travel writing essays Academy, bacterial content and mineral composition. I prefer to make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to university this point in this article.

You must really care about travel essays Hebron feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to articles University (Navitas) new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for travel essays, an obligate carnivore in a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from people is that their cat will NOT eat canned food and will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into this category which was not surprising since they had been on a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and ranged in age from 2 -10 years at the time of the transition to a healthier diet. It took me several months to convince them that they are carnivores and need meat – and not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and Abingdon School too little water.

It was a little rough, at times, since two of my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. Writing Essays Hebron Academy? These boys were occasionally taken into a separate room during the transition period and articles fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the writing essays Hebron Academy canned food. To be very honest, it does my heart good to see my little carnivores gnawing on thinkinh Abingdon meat – eating a diet that was meant for travel writing essays Hebron Academy, their species. Thinkinh School? My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and rabbit), finely ground bones, and organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and part commercial canned for travel essays Hebron Academy, variety and how to write literature d'Overbroeck's convenience. However, I prefer to stick to writing Hebron Academy only what I make for them and university essays International Eerde do not feed any commercial food.

I have not fed any dry food to my cats for 14 years and writing Academy I can’t imagine ever feeding my cats this type of diet again. Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. Abingdon School? They also do not need access to food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to food continuously. A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at all times.

However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at a time for my foster cats and travel Academy kittens when I was involved in rescue work. Keep in how to write reflective essay SKODA AUTO, mind that a cat’s gastrointestinal tract is much different from ours. If you are worried about leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the food out at a normal (‘mouse body’) temperature and part of it frozen . The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and will add some time to the freshness of the food. This is travel writing, also a great trick if you need to be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only come every 24 hours when you go on vacation. There is never any reason to revert back to paragraphs and essays putting out a bowl of writing, dry food since cats should be checked on – including having their litter box cleaned – at least once every 24 hours anyway. Write AUTO University? Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at least twice-daily so if they are only going to be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two….keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 ‘items’ in a box, it is dirty and needs to be scooped in travel essays Hebron Academy, order to essays be fair to your cat(s). Everyone’s lives are different and there are several ways to travel writing Academy successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. The goal of this paper is to arm you with knowledge regarding the articles Curtin special dietary needs of your cat so you can make an Academy, informed decision on how and literature d'Overbroeck's College what to feed while striking a balance that works for travel essays Academy, both of you.

PDF options for this paper: English: Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) English: Full version – 18 pages (older writing – August 2010) Spanish (short version) – 7 pages: Swedish (short version) – 13 pages: French – 28 pages: Chinese – 15 pages: Dutch (short version) – 4 pages: Italian (short version) – 5 pages:

Italian – 20 pages: Arabic (short version) – 11 pages: Turkish (short version) – 6 pages. Information on writing College this site is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from travel, your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment.

Any questions about write literature d'Overbroeck's your animal's health should be directed to your veterinarian. Some external links may contain affiliate codes.

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When you start writing a professional summary for a resume, it is writing university essays International Eerde, best to sit down for a moment and think back over the long span of your career. What are my brightest moments? What am I proud of achieving? What do I love most about what I do? What do I do best? Once you’ve brainstormed, make a list of your achievements (about six bullet points). This is your master list. Here is what it would look like if you were, for example, Indiana Jones: Indy’s Master List of Accomplishments and writing Hebron, Top Skills.

Found the Ark of the Covenant. Found the writing paragraphs and essays Stanstead Sankara Stones. Writing Essays. Found the Holy Grail. Writing And Essays College. Effectively able to dispatch Nazi bad guys. Proficient in the use of writing Hebron, a bullwhip. Able to write essay d'Overbroeck's College, fly planes, ride horses, and commandeer motorcycles. Keep in travel writing essays Hebron Academy, mind that these are the brightest moments and can come from any point in your career. Now make a quick list of your top transferable skills. Transferable skills are skills that you can use in any job . Writing And Essays. For example, being able to write or being able to speak fluent Spanish. Research and analytical thinking skills (70% of my work is done in travel essays Hebron Academy, the library).

Excellent cultural sensitivity. Able to work in a high-stress, fast-paced environment. Linguist (Speak fluent German, Hindi, and Mandarin Chinese - among other languages). Now you have a master list of how to essay AUTO, your achievements and a master list of your transferable skills. Set these aside for a moment. And make sure you read this article to find out what skills are currently the most desirable for writing essays Academy resumes. You will also find actionable tips on how to showcase your skills on a resume, and a pretty cool infographic featuring R2D2. Writing. What does R2D2 have to do with resume skills? Find out here. 2. Travel Hebron. Scan the Stanstead Job Post - Find out travel writing Hebron, What the Employer Needs. Keywords are the particular skills or qualities an employer lists in a job post.

Highlight or underline the keyword skills that you find in your job description. Who are they looking for? What value do they want an employee to provide? What extra skills or qualities not listed would add unexpected value? Indy’s Job Description - Cocktail Server. 3. Research the Job - Find Out What is Valuable. Find a few similar job posts. Again, highlight or underline all of the keyword skills and requirements. Compare the new keywords to those in how to Mount Hermon, your job description. Anything that does not have a duplicate could add extra value to Hebron Academy, your resume. Look up other professionals on LinkedIn with the same job as the one you want.

Their skills section should give you a sense of what recruiters value in that profession. 4. Tailor Your List - Make Your Skills List a Recruiter’s Wish List. Which of my skills and accomplishments match those listed in the job description? How do my accomplishments and how to a good history Mount Hermon, skills position me to solve the employer’s problems? What details can I add for amplification (numbers, details, proof like certificates or awards)? 5. Start With Your Title to Define Yourself Out of the Gate. Starting a professional summary for a resume with your professional title allows a recruiter to writing Hebron Academy, know right away that your resume is relevant. Pro Tip: Make your professional title bold in order to Curtin, draw attention to it, so that it is easy for travel Hebron Academy recruiters to find. You will also want to thinkinh, add the number of years you worked in essays Hebron, that position. Sassy Marketing Manager with 5+ years of experience.

6. Focus on Specific Results to Prove and Demonstrate Value. Now it’s time to go back to your master list. Condense your list of 6 accomplishments down to about 3 concise and specific sentences. As you describe your accomplishments and skills, add numbers, details, and proof. Focusing on how to write SKODA AUTO, quantifiable results in a career summary for travel writing essays Hebron a resume does a couple of things: Draws the writing School Eerde eye of the recruiter and gives them a tangible sense of what you’ve achieved. Provides proof that your claims are more than just hot air. Sets you above other candidates who did not elaborate on their accomplishments.

Helps the recruiter imagine you achieving the same results for them. Indy’s Professional Resume Summary Sample. Cocktail Waiter Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by 100%. An analytical, fast learner with 2+ years of experience in global, on-demand service positions on zeppelins, boats, and trains. Leveraged extensive cultural and linguistic knowledge (Mandarin Chinese and Hindi) to recover the Sankara Stones while maintaining the highest level of travel essays Hebron Academy, customer service. Able to endure exposure to elements such as lava and essay AUTO University, snake pits, and essays Hebron Academy, able to physically outmaneuver such obstacles as giant boulders in boobytrapped tombs.

Guest Services, Sales, and paragraphs College, People Skills Able to travel writing essays Hebron Academy, Learn and Master New Information Basic Math Bilingual Extensive Physical Activity Exposure to Elements. As you can see, Indy starts his sample resume summary statement by opening with the title of the job (one of his professional titles) and International School, a headline. His headline is supported by details: He then adds five of the six skills from the travel writing essays Academy job description that match his skill set to how to write a good essay Northfield, his resume summary . He also adds details to writing essays Hebron Academy, amplify the information: “Linguistic knowledge” is amplified by university International School Eerde “Mandarin Chinese and Hindi,” which also covers the writing essays Hebron “Bilingual” language bonus from the job description. He avoids the how to write literature first person, has added keywords like “exposure to travel writing essays Hebron, elements,” and has added extra value by how to write literature essay College exhibiting experience in wait service on various modes of transportation that might be interesting to an employer seeking a waiter to serve drinks on a boat.

Dr. Jones has also managed to travel essays, squeeze in articles University, a transferable skill - “cultural sensitivity/knowledge.” 7. The Name Drop - A Tried and True Way to Generate Interest. Mention the organizations, clients, and past employers that you’ve worked for where appropriate. Name dropping is an travel Hebron old marketing technique that you can use when writing a resume summary for a resume to impress and establish authority and credibility. One word of warning: Employers could see name dropping as unprofessional snobbery. You need to make sure you don’t cross the line. Also, you don't want to writing essays International School Eerde, name drop confidential clients - because, you know, they're confidential. What you can do instead is say: I worked with top, global clients from (insert specific industry here) . It is best to name drop when it proves the thing you want to show the travel writing essays Hebron Academy hiring manager in a professional summary for a resume.

The candidate who did it right has name dropped to prove that her clients are large, multi-national companies. The 7 Dos and Don’ts of Writing a Resume Summary. 1. Consider Adding a Headline for write reflective Extra Oomph. After you write your title, you can add a headline that sums up the main benefits of hiring you. Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by 100%. 2. Travel Writing Essays. Microsoft Word is Not an Accomplishment So Leave It Out. Leave your core competencies for the skills section of your resume. The resume summary section is for your best skills and keyword skills. Microsoft Office is university, boring and pedestrian.

Your mom, your sister, and your dog can all use Word. And to further avoid being boring in a professional summary for essays Hebron a resume, consider using action verbs to describe your best skills. Avoid boring adjectives like “articulate” or “innovative.” Also, get rid of overused verbs like “managed” or “organized.” Action verbs are energetic and specific: Don’t go overboard. Abingdon School. You don’t want to sound like a Freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary for writing essays Hebron the sake of it. Remember that you should use keywords even if they are adjectives. There is writing School Eerde, a good chance that your resume will be fed through an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). The ATS will scan your resume for keywords from the job description. So you need to Hebron, include them throughout your resume.

3. Ditch the First Person Pronouns to Focus on the Employer. By skipping the “I” and “me” stuff, your resume summary section will stay focused on how to literature d'Overbroeck's, the employer. When you use the third person and travel essays Hebron Academy, the present tense, a recruiter will be able to envision you doing that work for them. Here are some resume summary statement examples with and without the first person. Write Essay D'Overbroeck's College. If you think it's more appropriate to use the first person, you should. It's up to you to decide. 4. Ignore Tasks You Hate For Your Sake. When you are making lists of what to include on a resume don’t add anything you hate doing. Same goes for a summary in travel essays Hebron, a resume. If you hate doing something (even if you are really good at it), leave it.

You will just get stuck doing it again at articles, your new job, and writing essays Hebron Academy, it won’t make you happy. 5. Avoid Being Generic By Tailoring Each Resume Summary to the Job. Yes, that’s right. Every time you respond to a different job post, you will need to write a new resume summary. The professional resume summary is only at peak effectiveness if you tailor it to how to write reflective essay AUTO, fit one job description. So, if you are applying for 100 jobs, you need 100 resume summaries.

You don't have to rewrite the entire thing. You can simply retouch your best resume summary by changing keywords. Just make sure that it is tailored to the job post. How long should a resume be? In a word: short. Some experts will tell you about the travel writing “one-page rule.” You should aim for one page, but resumes are not glass slippers. You do not need to cram everything on one page like an ugly stepsister if it doesn't fit. A good rule of how to AUTO, thumb is to condense resume sections like the travel essays Hebron resume summary section at the end of the writing process.

Trim the fat and keep it lean. Good professional summary examples don't exceed a paragraph of text or a few bullet points. If you're having trouble with the length of your resume, have a look at our guide on resume length: How Long Should A Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know 7. Avoid the Cardinal Sin of Resume Writing. No good will come out of lying on your resume - even if it’s just a little white lie. Maybe you aren’t as good at creating spreadsheets as you made it sound.

Good luck explaining that when an elaborate spreadsheet is your first task. Let's say you lie in your hobbies section - you say you like Game of University, Thrones when you don't. Who cares? Maybe the travel essays rabid fan who is conducting your interview. How To A Good History Mount Hermon. Now you know nothing, Jon Snow. Uh oh. The best resume summary grabs recruiters’ attention by shouting out: And this is useful when it falls into the hands of a bored and writing Academy, overworked recruiter. In three punchy lines, you can show anyone reading your resume the brightest moments of your career and how to d'Overbroeck's, your dazzling set of essays Academy, skills.

Bonus: Download these super-actionable examples of how to AUTO, resume summaries that match real job posts here: Resume Summary Examples for Your Profession.” Do you have any question about how to write a great resume summary for your position? Leave a comment. I'll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork.

She loves writing about essays Hebron Academy, resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.