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Meaning Of Life Essays Essays and science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, Research Papers. ?PAGE ? MEANING OF LIFE ESSAY What is the meaning of life ? Many agree that the . answer depends on the person asking the essay II Academy, question. When Albert Camus and Richard Taylor decide to answer this question, they must take an in-depth look into the real and science Sandy Spring, mythological worlds to arrive at a concise answer to write page of Nottingham, this question that has baffled so many. Both have similar views with subtle differences - however Taylor's view is the more accurate of the two. When looking into the biological world, Taylor clearly. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Existentialism 1783 Words | 5 Pages.

Many people have debated over a proper way to denote a meaningful life . By reading the Bible, one side may argue that a life . lived without belief in science thinking Spring Friends School, an afterlife is write a summary on an article European meaningless. Science Sandy Spring School! The other side may oppose this by stating that a life lived in the pursuit of happiness as attributed to each person’s views is certainly meaningful. The latter may be correct, but it is possible for both arguments to be accurate when considering details outlined in a cover essay The University, this highly influential text. This analysis will convey. Bible , Book of Genesis , Happiness 892 Words | 3 Pages. ? Introduction: According to Saint Exupery in science critical thinking Spring, The Halo (2006), “Each man must look to what is critical essay Cowan, himself to teach him the meaning of critical thinking Spring, . life . Essay Vocabulary Preparatory! It is not something discovered: it is something moulded.” The meaning of Friends School, life has a no specific definition; it depends on how each individual give meaning to their lives. How To Write On An Article Cyprus! It is a natural thing for an individual to curiously know about their life since their birth till death.

Moreover, human beings are also curious to find out why they were put in critical Spring Friends, this earth that is. Existentialism , Individual , Life 1615 Words | 5 Pages. immediately. The bartender asks: -Why are you so in how to write for an, a hurry? -If you would have, what I have, you would be also in critical Sandy Spring Friends School, a hurry. The bartender steps back a . An Persuasive John Paul II Academy! little bit and asks: -And what do you have? -Somewhere around 70 cents. Funny jokes from science thinking Sandy Spring Friends School daily life - Imprisonment A mother writes a letter to her sun, who is in a prison. - Dear sun, life's so hard for me since they took you to a prison: nobody digs a vegetable garden, nobody plants potatos. The sun writes back to her mother: - Mom, please.

Comedy , Humor , United States one hundred-dollar bill 1442 Words | 6 Pages. The Meaning of Life Christopher Nieves Touro College Life is a . gift. It is an honor, a spark, an excitement. We all have a world of our own. Albert Camus, once said, “You will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life ” (Camus, 1946). Essay Writing Marianapolis Preparatory! Life is about living to your fullest abilities.

Why waste our time looking for the meaning of science critical thinking Friends School, each breath we take? Each. Absurdism , Conceptions of God , Existentialism 1589 Words | 4 Pages. We ask ourselves everyday if our life has meaning . What Is Critical Essay! We view our lives and others' lives in science critical thinking Spring Friends, different ways. On An European University! I agree with . life being viewed as a game, and life as learning is adding meaning to our life . Spring Friends! I disagree with life having no meaning at all.

Every human being views life differently and School, believes your life is science Sandy Friends School influenced by how to on an article University Cyprus, different ideas and lessons. Life as a game creates a theory that we can't just take our lives too seriously or else we won't be happy and feel as if we have fulfilled. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Board game 1872 Words | 5 Pages. The Meaning of science Friends, Life The meaning of life , defined by Victor E. Frankl, is the writing Preparatory, will to science critical thinking Sandy Friends, find your . meaning in life . It is essay vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory not the meaning of life in general, but rather the specific meaning of a person's life at a given moment. He believes that if you are approached with the Spring, question of what is the writing an argument Hudson, meaning of my life or in this case, life is science Sandy School meaningless, then you should reverse the question to that person asking the an persuasive essay Saint Paul, question.

For example: What are you bringing to me? What are you as an individual. Alfred Adler , Existentialism , Life 1439 Words | 4 Pages. The Meaning of Life “The Meaning of critical thinking Spring School, Life ” is an excerpt from Richard Taylor’s book Good and Evil: . What Essay Edith University! A New Direction, with this book Mr. Taylor was thought to have adopted a radical subjectivist view of ethics. In this excerpt he explains why existence and life is meaningless and he sheds light into the meaning of life . Critical Thinking Sandy Spring School! Throughout his explanations Richard uses an example from an a summary on an article European University Cyprus, ancient Greek myth. The myth is thinking Sandy Spring Friends School about Sisyphus a Greek man who offended the gods and was sentenced to a summary on an European University Cyprus, roll a large stone. Absurdism , Human , Life 1259 Words | 4 Pages. The meaning of life is simple all you need to critical Sandy Spring Friends School, know that to get far in life you need to get good GCSE’s and A levels . if you so choose so as well as getting lots of revision in on your week.

A timetable may be wise to those who study. A taxi driver once had that Bertrand Russell in the back of his cab. Since Russell was the most famous philosopher of what is critical Edith University, his day, the cabby asked him What's it all about? Russell, however, could not answer. No surprise there, you might think.

For isn't the meaning of Spring, life. Absurdism , Existentialism , Human 1519 Words | 4 Pages. Life is a Gift Life is writing paper a gift. It is an honor; a spark; an Spring School, excitement. We all have a world of our own. A wise author, Albert . What Thinking Edith Cowan! Camus, once stated, “you will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for Spring the meaning of how to on an European University, life ” (Albert Camus). Life is about living to science critical thinking Spring Friends, your fullest abilities; why waste our time looking for the meaning of each breath we take? Each person is a part of how to write a summary on an article, life . Each life has a world of its own. Science Friends School! I believe. Anxiety , Existentialism , Life 1437 Words | 4 Pages.

January 19, 2005 The Meaning of life What is the meaning of Preparatory, life . Critical Sandy School! The . meaning of our lives, the purpose, and the dreams both dashed and realized, and the expectations forced upon us by others. In other words how do you translate what life is? Translation means to explain in thinking essay Edith Cowan, simple terms. What is it supposed to be about? There are different answers for different people at different times in their lives. Science Thinking! A person's lifetime is how to write a cover page filled with self-examination.

Why am I here? What am. Atheism , Existentialism , God 2580 Words | 6 Pages. Jermaine Smith Period 7 The True Meaning of Life What is the meaning of life ? Well known . Greek philosphers such as Socrates and Plato believed that our purpose in this life was to Sandy Friends, gain knowledge in preparation for the next life . Other Philosophers such as Epicurus believed that pleasure is the how to write a summary on an University Cyprus, main goal in life . After giving these ideas lots of thought, I have come to my own conclusion that the true meaning of life is far more complex than either of these; far too complex for any human. Human , Intrinsic value , Life 1401 Words | 4 Pages. WHAT IS LIFE ? The definition of life is very difficult. Although dictionaries and encyclopedias say in general is the . intermediate state between birth and thinking Spring Friends, death, I think it goes far beyond, is something deeper and we all want to know. By asking this question we faced is as if we ourselves, as research is about something I've always lived, after much thought and analysis that is life , in writing an essay intro Badminton School, my point of view I think is that although many try to define life as commonly defined other terms, in my position. 2006 singles , 2008 singles , Angels Airwaves 1133 Words | 3 Pages. assigned reading for explanation of science Sandy School, characteristics listed on the left. Christianity Materialism Personal View Relational God created human beings to live . in community.

When people lose that sense of love and belonging, they lose their meaning and purpose in life . God created family and how to for an essay of Nottingham, the neighbor to be provide the science thinking Spring Friends, human with the relationship needed for hope and healing. In order to carry out production and exchange, people have to enter into very definite social relations, most fundamentally. Christianity , Holy Spirit , Human 684 Words | 3 Pages. Eyes are bigger than your stomach Meaning : When a person wants more than is good for how to write a summary on an article European them. Origin: A person seeing a table piled . high with sumptuous food has a tendency to get too many and/or too large a portion. Since the problem is brought on by the eyes and science thinking Sandy Spring School, a lack of reason, the person is portrayed a one whose eyes are bigger than their stomach. Elephant in the room Meaning : An important and obvious topic, which everyone present is aware of, but which isn't discussed, as such. Foot , Head , Intrinsic value 1431 Words | 6 Pages.

?“Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life , the School, whole aim and end of human existence”- Aristotle. Do you agree with . Aristotle’s statement? Discuss why/ why not. While happiness in a scientific sense can be explained as the chemicals released throughout our bodies, it still doesn’t tell us fully why these are chemicals are sent and what it means in the overall human experience in scientific terms. Thinking! From an artistic perspective happiness is the largest component in providing self-worth to one’s. Human , Life , Meaning of life 936 Words | 2 Pages. believe that my thesis statement is very effective. * 3.Have I included enough details so the reader can visualize my experience? * The details . Essay John Paul! included in my essay should give the reader a clear view on my experience. Friends School! * 4.Are the events presented in a logical sequence? * The events included in my essay are presented in a logical sequence. * 5.Have I used transitions to help the sequence of events flow smoothly? * I have used transitions to help t sequence of. Armed forces , English-language films , Essay 834 Words | 3 Pages. Margins: Meaning of Life and Frazier.

In Ian Frazier’s essay , “In Praise of Margins”, the author talks about his childhood life and how he had “margins” where he and . his friends would do things and nothing would matter because they wouldn’t care. “Marginal” thought is valuable because it allows adults to use their imagination. His purpose is to try new activities without shame; it’s the spur of the moment that defines margin. I think his view about marginal activity is comprehensive and relatable. When we think of margins, we think. Figure skating , Ice , Ice hockey 1099 Words | 3 Pages. depth one of Frankl's primary ideas, and discuss in detail how the idea you've chosen might be used to change or influence your life . The . Meaning of Life Frankl does not use the word meaning in how to, the general broad sense such as in What is the meaning of life ? but rather in a more specific way of what is the science critical thinking Sandy, meaning of how to write essay The University of Nottingham, your life . Spring! In Frankl's words, asking the meaning of life is akin to write a cover essay The University of Nottingham, asking the critical Sandy Friends, chess champion: Tell me, Master, what is the best move in the world?” (pg 131) There is no “correct”. Human , Human condition , Human self-reflection 1111 Words | 3 Pages. Mortiz Schlick: the Meaning of Life in Play. Final Essay Schlick and Saint II Academy, the meaning of life in play Philosophy: The Meaning of science Friends, Life . I do not agree with Schlick's contention that the meaning of life is grounded in the act of essay writing Marianapolis Preparatory School, play and not work. I disagree for three main reasons.

First, I find Schlicks account of forgetting the purpose of activities to be somewhat flawed. Critical Thinking Friends! He demonstrates how the purpose of an activity does not yield meaning and that work is a means to a goal. How To Write A Cover The University Of Nottingham! I find a discrepancy in thinking Spring Friends, this in regards to his acceptance of Goethe's. 2007 albums , Activity , Feeling 1765 Words | 5 Pages. that life has purpose in the absence of is critical thinking essay Edith, a supreme being. Kurt Baier states there is two senses of the word purpose. The first, self . generated, meaning people themselves sets their goals and the second is an thinking Spring School, externally imposed purpose, which are arranged by humans. Baier focuses mainly on is critical essay, the scientific meaning of life . He states, It must be admitted that there is a perfectly natural interpretation of the science thinking Sandy Spring, question, What is the what thinking essay Edith, meaning of life ? on which my view actually proved that life has. Bible , Conceptions of God , Human 882 Words | 3 Pages.

Different Approaches to science thinking Spring, the Meaning of Life. PHILOSOPHY 1100: THE MEANING OF LIFE Different Approaches to article University Cyprus, the Meaning of Life 1. Why we want to science School, . know the ‘ meaning of life ’ The question what is the meaning of write on an article European, life ? is often treated as a paradigmatic head in the clouds sort of philosophical question that more practical people shouldn't have the time for, but its actually a question of tremendous practical importance. Further, it is a question to thinking Sandy Spring School, which most people, even those who claim to an essay intro School, have no interest in such questions, answer implicitly. Absurdism , Human , Intrinsic value 1203 Words | 4 Pages. On the Meaning of Life - John Cottingham. Coexisting with the ‘Ultimate Question’ What is our relationship with the universe – who are we and how did we come to thinking School, be seems to be the Badminton, ultimate . question of the science critical Spring School, meaning of an persuasive essay John Paul, life . This question has always sparked powerful debates between the views of the science Spring Friends, religious and modern science.

Many believe this topic is an persuasive Paul a one-sided issue where these views cannot co-exist with one another, either one’s a theist, believing in God as the soul creator and ruler of the universe or an atheist, disbelieving of. God , Human , Life 1288 Words | 4 Pages. Meaning Of Life: A Journey To Self Discovery. Section: 1 – 16 Topic: Is the meaning of life discovered or created? Position: The meaning of life is . discovered. One of the most argued matters in science critical Friends, philosophy is the argument of the writing intro Badminton School, meaning of science thinking Sandy School, life , whether it is discovered or is it created. These arguments are supported by either atheistic existentialism and/or theistic existentialism, together with a few metaphysical philosophies which pertain to either God exists or not, which strives to seek the true meaning of life . Famous names including Jean. Absurdism , Existentialism , God 1442 Words | 3 Pages. 2012 Finding Meaning in a cover page essay of Nottingham, a Stolen Life It is said that all life does indeed involve suffering but it is what we . make of this suffering that will determine whether or not we find meaning in our life . Science Sandy Spring Friends School! One must look within and around himself to create meaning in her life ; one can finding meaning by creating works or doing deeds, experiencing things or encountering people, and choosing one’s attitude towards the suffering in her life . There will always be obstacles in the way to meaning —the tragic. English-language films , Kidnapping of page essay of Nottingham, Jaycee Lee Dugard , Meaning of life 1984 Words | 5 Pages. The Secret of Finding Meaning in Life.

? The Secret of science thinking Spring Friends School, Finding Meaning in Life Life is truly too short, this phrase really bothered me . Preparatory School! because it made me think of how I could make my life meaningful and critical thinking Spring School, with sense; something that is writing Marianapolis Preparatory living life to the fullest and touching the life of critical Spring, others by serving them because in serving you will know what really life is just like Jesus who came to earth not to be serve but to serve. An Persuasive Essay Saint John Paul! But how we could make our life living with significance and meaning ? This question is so stunning. Bacolod City , Life , Meaning 1168 Words | 3 Pages. Topic: Food In The Cafeteria Should Be Healthy Type of science Sandy Spring Friends, essay : Persuasion Introduction: Introduction Sentence: Parents spend a . lot of time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools n lot of an persuasive John Paul, time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and many schools now a days have cafeterias. Cafeteria , Greek loanwords , Rhetoric 861 Words | 5 Pages. let well enough alone Meaning : If you leave well enough alone, or let well enough alone, you don't try to improve or change something that's . already good enough. For example: The kids seem happy enough now so let's just leave well enough alone and forget about science Spring finding a new school for them. skate on thin ice- Meaning : If you're skating on how to write a summary on an European University Cyprus, thin ice, you're doing something risky, or you're in science critical thinking School, a situation that could quickly become dangerous. jockey for position- Meaning : If you jockey for an persuasive Saint Paul position. Cat , Debut albums , Meaning of life 1513 Words | 6 Pages. English Period 3 23 March 2015 The Meaning of Life “You will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness . consists of. You will never live if you are looking for science critical Sandy Spring Friends School the meaning of write a cover page The University of Nottingham, life ” (Camus).

If you spend your whole life searching for one thing you will waste your life and it will only take a few moments for time to pass you by. The meaning of life is nonexistent and imponderable. “The meaning of life is critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends contained in every single expression of life . It is vocabulary School present in the infinity of. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Anais Nin 567 Words | 3 Pages. An Essay on the Meaning of Sustainable Development. ASSIGNMENT 1. AN ESSAY ON THE MEANING OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Introduction: In this essay I will . Science Sandy Spring Friends! discuss what sustainable development means? I will also discuss weak and strong approaches to sustainability and how this is related to sustainable development. Finally I will discuss how Isaac Construction in Christchurch has adopted sustainable development practices. In order to somewhat understand what sustainable development means, you must first separate the two words and. Biodiversity , Carrying capacity , Conservation biology 1920 Words | 6 Pages. persona to take theblame for all kinds of mistakes and how to The University, irresponsiblebehaviour that happens inthe persona’s house.

The persona is probably introuble for doing . thingswrong and is blaming Mr.Nobody so that he or she willnot be scolded or punished. Critical School! MEANING OF THE POEM STANZA 1 :- The funny little man mentioned in the poem is a little boy, perhaps three to five years old. This is because; a child within that age usually does not talk much rather than making things that require them to learn. However. Learning , Meaning of life , Poetry 848 Words | 4 Pages. Soapstone: Meaning of Life and thinking Edith, Daffodils. “pensive mood” (Line 20; Wordsworth) for us to realize the beauty of School, nature, because we should always admire its beauty. Poem Analysis TP-CASTT 1. . Title: The title seems to give off a sense of relaxation and a worry free feeling. How To Write! Floating through life with no worries, like a cloud.

2. Paraphrase: A person is wandering around like a cloud does when it floats high over vales and science thinking Sandy Spring, hills. At a glance he sees a host of golden daffodils beside the lake, beneath the trees, fluttering and dancing. Aesthetics , Anxiety , Cormega 799 Words | 3 Pages. Date:…………………………. MAKING MEANINGS : ESSAY PLAN Idea that reality is socially constructed is is critical thinking essay Edith Cowan a . key principle in Sandy Spring, cultural studies and the analysis of media representation.

Explain what is meant by this idea and essay writing Preparatory, discuss its implications for understanding the relationship between meaning and power. Briefly illustrate your points by showing how a print advertisement of your choice reproduces common-sense understandings of everyday life or naturalises particular ideas of social existence. Adolf Hitler , Aryan race , Mass media 1699 Words | 7 Pages. Faike was a very important person in Natalia’s life as well as in mine, and for many, many other people. During his struggles battling cancer, . Natalia got inspired to write this song about him and his hard-hitting life fight. It’s a very emotive song, that has touched a lot of science Sandy, people’s hearts. It’s a song people listen to when missing or thinking about an persuasive essay Faike. First, the title “Dream Boy” is an inspiration to believe in that no matter how hard life gets or how complicated it seems to be, you just. Battle , Eurovision Song Contest 2007 , Lion 1073 Words | 3 Pages.

- Free Essays , Term Papers and Research Papers Free Essays For All StudentsJoin Now!LoginSearchCustom EssaysSaved Papers 60 . Free Essays on Someone That Has Influenced You In Life SEARCH Who Has Been The Biggest Influence In My Life ? has most definitely been the science School, biggest influence to my life . She has always taught me to be who I am and not to pretend to be someone I am not. Even when I have made. Is Critical Thinking Edith Cowan University! Premium 2 pages 332 Words The Diviners: How Does Morag's Past Influence Pique's Life The Diviners. Life , Meaning of life , Personal life 4953 Words | 22 Pages. unexamined Life is not worth living” Socrates was considered by many to be the wisest man in ancient Greece. Friends School! While he was eventually . What Thinking Essay University! condemned for science critical Friends his wisdom, his spoken words are still listened to and followed today. When, during his trial, Socrates stated that, the unexamined life is not worth living (Plato 45), people began to question his theory. They began to wonder what Socrates meant with his statement, why he would feel that a life would not be worth living. To them, life was above. Human , Life , Meaning of life 2659 Words | 7 Pages.

Paul: Meaning of Life and Cordelia Street. not happy with its own life and essay vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory, who essentially was willing to sell his soul for more. He wants a grand life filled with glamour, . although also a man who has attempted suicide. Science Critical Thinking School! It is the story of a man willing to ultimately, and symbolically, sells his soul to the devil for what he desires (Paul's Case). Faust comes to be a metaphor of Paul's life , Paul is a lad that resembles Faust. He thinks his current life is an persuasive filled with ugliness and commonness, he desires to have a life of critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, grandeur and luxury. Meaning of life , Rags to riches 1098 Words | 4 Pages. a reference and that makes it easier to proceed to the next sentence. In addition to that, I write down the important events and writing an argument paper Hudson, highlight the words and . characters. I also proofread my paper to science Friends School, ensure it is error free.

In order to write a good essay or paper, it is necessary to be in a peaceful environment to avoid distractions. Next, I just scribble down whatever comes to my mind that is related to the topic. Write On An European Cyprus! After a while, I would read what I’ve written and choose the ideas that would have good. English-language films , Essay , Linguistics 1140 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism: Does Life Have Meaning? people would like to think that their life has some kind of meaning or purpose. However how this meaning in . life is science thinking Spring obtained can cause some differing views. One may believe that they were born with a purpose in life and the other may believe that it is writing an argument paper Hudson College their own responsibility to give their own life meaning . While the first belief may be the preferred option, it doesn’t seem very practical. Existentialists believe that one must give meaning to their own life , which in all reality seems to science critical Sandy Spring, be the. Absurdism , Capital punishment , Existentialism 1521 Words | 4 Pages.

Adulthood: Meaning of writing an essay School, Life and Adult. to grow up quickly. Despite the constant “they grow up so fast” from relatives, it was not fast enough for me. I used to science School, say, “I can’t wait until I grow up,” . usually when I was frustrated with my mom’s strict rules. I fantasized about living a posh life , walking under the warm sun wearing designer shades with my athletic boyfriend before stopping at a restaurant and writing paper, drinking expensive wines without my mom nagging me. Science Critical School! My fantasy would abruptly end when my mom shattered my thoughts by reminding me that. Adult , Adulthood , English-language films 1008 Words | 3 Pages. cessation of all vital functions in Paul II Academy, a living creature; it is the end of Friends, life . Monism is the essay Preparatory, belief that the body and soul are one entity. Critical Thinking Sandy School! . Aristotle, for example, spoke of the body and soul being a harmony.

For Aristotle, the soul is a summary on an article European form: it is a non-physical aspect of humans, which allows the science critical School, body to achieve its potential, and without the body, the soul would be of no use as it would be unrecognisable. It is how to The University of Nottingham possible to base a theory of life after death on a monistic position. John Hick refers to humans. Death , Heaven , Life 1670 Words | 5 Pages. Communication: Meaning of Life and Words.

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Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the science critical thinking School, “hooks” from the writing paper College, six choices on side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. Religion: Meaning of Life and Karen Armstrong. Religion is the critical Sandy School, Key to writing an argument College, Success Religion should have an impact on everyone’s life . According to Karen Armstrong, without religion, people . would not be able to discover their own personal reason of life with a pure reason or purpose set by any guidelines.

As a result of obtaining a good foundation of faith in your religion, it will not only positively affect your life on a personal level, but the community as a whole. Science Thinking Sandy Friends! If we look back at human antiquity, we commonly find that people of many different. Deity , God , Hinduism 1327 Words | 4 Pages. Meaning of Life and Australian Cultural Identity. lives again from scratch. For twenty years they roister and rankle, laugh and curse until the roof over their heads becomes a home for an persuasive essay Saint II Academy their hearts.” . (Winton, 1991) Tim Winton’s critically acclaimed novel, Cloudstreet is a masterful tale of love, meaning and heartbreaking tragedy that speaks strongly of a post war Australian society that was essentially rebuilding itself after years of science thinking, political upheaval and financial struggle.

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In addition to my literary interpretations, the thesis drew heavily upon both the Ugandan author's own cultural treatises and other anthropological, psychological, and philosophical texts. By using tools from what Edith Cowan other disciplines, I was able to interpret the author's literary works while developing insight into Ugandan society and the popular psychology that gave birth to the horrific Idi Amin regime. In addition, I was able to understand further how people interacted with the critical thinking Friends School, author's works and incorporated (or failed to is critical essay Edith Cowan University, incorporate) them into their individual, social, and political realities. On a more practical level, writing my thesis also confirmed my suspicion that I would like to pursue an academic career. When I finished my undergraduate studies, I felt that a couple of years of professional work would give me a better perspective on graduate school. I decided to secure a position that would grant me experiences far removed from the academic world, yet which would also permit me to continue developing the research and critical Spring Friends, writing skills that I needed to tackle the challenges of a future academic career. I have fulfilled this goal by working as a content developer at a Silicon Valley Internet company for the past two years.

The experience has been both enjoyable and invaluable--to the how to write a summary on an European University, point that colleagues glance at me with a puzzled look when I tell them that I am leaving the job to return to school. In fact, my willingness to leave such a dynamic, high-paying job to pursue my passion for literature reflects my keen determination to continue along the academic path. Through a master's degree program, I plan to explore further the issues I confronted during my undergraduate years by thinking Spring Friends integrating the writing vocabulary Preparatory School, study of social, cultural, and linguistic anthropology into the field of thinking Sandy School, literary analysis. I believe that by adopting the tools used in such disciplines, methods of inquiry can be formulated that will facilitate innovative interpretations of works that are both technically sound and sociologically insightful. Thus far, my studies have concentrated largely on African and Caribbean literatures, and I am particularly interested in studying these geographic areas in more specific historical and cultural contexts. I also seek to increase my knowledge of Saint II Academy, African languages, which will allow me to study the lingering cultural impact of colonialism in modern-day African literature. Eventually, I would like to secure an academic post in a Comparative Literature department, devoting myself to both research and teaching at the college level. The Modern Thought and Literature program at Berkeley is uniquely equipped to guide me toward these objectives. While searching for science thinking Sandy Friends School, a graduate school that would accommodate my interdisciplinary interests, I was thrilled to find a program that approaches world literature with a cross-disciplinary focus, recognizing that the written word has the writing, potential to be an thinking Sandy School entry point for social and cultural inquiry.

The level of scholarly research produced by write page for an Berkeley's Comparative Literature department also attracts me. Sanjay Kadavera's, Culture, Power, Place, for critical Spring Friends, instance, provided one of my first and most influential glimpses into the field of essay writing vocabulary Marianapolis, cultural anthropology. Professor Kadavera's analysis of the science thinking Spring School, local, national, and foreign realms, achieved through a discussion of how to write on an article University, postcolonial displacement and science thinking, mixed identities, has led me to believe that--given the complexity of modern societies--comparative literature's focus on borders (both national and linguistic) has been excessively arbitrary. Even more significant is the paper College, accurate rendering of individually-lived realities that may then be synthesized with other experiences. Thinking Sandy Spring. I could greatly benefit from Professor Kadavera's teaching and guidance in applying these ideas to is critical essay Edith Cowan, the literary arena, for his work is representative of the rigorous yet creative approach I would pursue upon joining the department. Overall I thought the service was excellent.

In fact, I am quite overwhelmed. I know the value of a 'second pair of eyes' as I do quite a bit of writing myself, and critical Sandy Spring, my editor did an excellent job finding the inherent themes in my essays that I had only been fumbling at. Being a perfectionist myself, I felt that my original work was unconvincing, but now my essays are so much improved that if I were on an persuasive Saint II Academy, the admissions council, I'd admit me. Click Here for the Edited Version. You are clearly a strong and science Spring Friends, vivid writer. Your writing is elegant and essay Marianapolis School, precise, and this essay makes a very compelling argument in favor of your admission. Nonetheless, this essay did contain a few weak points, as well as a number of Friends, information gaps. Your personal statement was structurally solid, but your tendency to over-write sentences at times obscured the meaning of what you were trying to what is critical thinking University, express. You managed to pack a lot of science thinking Spring, information into the piece; my job, then, was to draw on this information to clarify your ideas by both refining your language and by shoring up your arguments.

With respect to the information gaps, there were a number of questions that popped into my head as I read your essay. An Argument Paper Hudson. Naturally, the answers to some of these questions will be apparent from the remainder of your application, but as a rule of thumb (and for the sake of clarity), it is science critical, best to writing College, make the essay as self-contained and thorough as possible. When did you graduate, and what have you been doing since? Why did you choose your current job? How does this experience relate to your academic experiences and science critical Friends School, goals? To which degree program are you applying? Why do you want to pursue this degree? Do you want to become a professor? In revising your essay, I attempted to blend answers to these questions into the text. I indicated where you should include additional information, but in general, I tried to extrapolate answers from your note and from your original essay. Elsewhere, rather than make radical (and unnecessary) structural changes, I concentrated on writing paper, refining your language, highlighting your most interesting ideas, and critical thinking Friends, streamlining the logic of your arguments.

Many of these changes are quite subtle, but they have a powerful impact on the overall flow of the text. I rephrased passages that contained awkward English, eliminated words that seemed extraneous or repetitive, and varied vocabulary and sentence length in several places throughout the essay. Finally, some of your paragraphs were unnecessarily long, so I broke them up into separate discussions. Here are my specific comments on each individual paragraph of your essay, along with suggestions for further improvement: He argued that, when a civilization adopts reading and writing as the write a summary on an article University, chief form of social communication, it truly frees itself to forget its own values, because those values no longer have to be part of a lived reality in critical thinking Friends order to have significance. You might want to consider rewriting this sentence to make its meaning a little clearer--I found it rather confusing, perhaps because you are trying to writing Preparatory School, convey an epiphany involving a rather complicated concept in a single sentence. Thinking Sandy Spring Friends. This might not, of course, be much of a problem for how to write a summary European, an academic well versed in such theories, but, in general, it is a good idea to set layman's comprehension as your standard for clear writing. Are you sure that you do not need to identify p'Bitek? Is it safe to science critical thinking Sandy Spring, assume that your readers will all know who he is? I added a paragraph to your essay. As I mentioned earlier, your take on Hudson College, your work experience was missing from your discussion, and you need to bridge the gap between your highly academic explanation of critical thinking School, your research interests and essay Preparatory School, the more prosaic discussion of why you left academia and why you now wish to return.

I tried to thinking Sandy Spring School, smooth this transition by connecting the two ideas, especially at the beginning of this paragraph. Since I have no idea what you have done since you graduated, or for how long, I simply plugged in randomly made-up details. Be sure to replace this information with accurate details about your experience. . methods of how to on an article University, inquiry can be formulated that allow for the interpretation of works that are both technically sound and sociologically insightful. This part of your sentence was very confusing. Do you mean that the science Sandy Spring Friends, interpretation itself would be technically sound and sociologically insightful, or that those methods of inquiry would allow for the interpretation of sound, insightful works? If you mean the latter, why do you need to how to write a cover page essay The University of Nottingham, characterize the critical thinking Sandy Friends, works as sound and insightful? Should not the emphasis be on the quality of the interpretation?

Sorry if I sound like a broken record, but hopefully you see how badly this phrase needs to be clarified. I also seek to increase my knowledge of write a cover essay The University, African languages, which will allow me to study the lingering cultural impact of colonialism in modern day African literatures written in thinking Friends School European languages. This sentence was also confusing. How To Write On An Article European University. If you are going to study literature written in European languages, why do you want to learn African languages? I have no doubt that you need both, but this sentence seems to contain a logical fallacy. My faith in science critical thinking School the tangible power of the written word that led me into what Cowan, the study of literature as a young student is my driving force today and will be for science Sandy, the foreseeable future. My ultimate goal is to gain the knowledge and tools necessary to illuminate that power to others. These sentences are far too vague. Since you have already made this point, I suggest leaving these sentences out. His complicating of the traditionally drawn local, national and foreign realms through the discussion of how to article, post-colonial displacement and mixed identifications first led me to believe that comparative literature's focus on national and linguistic borders was fairly arbitrary in the modern world.

This is a prime example of an overly complicated sentence. Some of the phrasing is also a bit awkward. What do you mean, for instance, by Gupta's complicating? Is there a better way to phrase this? I am also unsure what you mean by the phrase, the traditionally drawn. Critical Thinking Sandy Friends School. Here is the interpretation of this sentence that I have ventured in the text: Professor Gupta's analysis of the local, national, and foreign realms, achieved through a discussion of post-colonial displacement and mixed identities, has led me to believe that--given the complexity of modern societies--comparative literature's focus on write article, borders (both national and linguistic) has been excessively arbitrary. Please make sure to critical Sandy Spring Friends School, revise this sentence if my interpretation is how to write article University Cyprus, completely off-target. With all the critical Sandy Spring School, changes I have proposed, you will have to use your judgment and writing School, accept only those which you think are best. In the science critical thinking Sandy School, revised essay, the logic of your text is clearer, the narrative is writing an essay Badminton School, more complete, and your arguments are better structured--all without sacrificing the persuasive tone and efficient analysis of your writing.

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10 Tips for Writing a Professional Resume. Last on many people#8217;s lists of things to science critical Sandy Spring School do is writing a resume. An Persuasive Saint John. But a powerful resume is what gets you to the next stage – the interview. Sandy School. Writing a resume that will land you an interview can be a daunting task, but if you follow these 10 rules, you will succeed. When you write your resume, put yourself in the reviewer#8217;s shoes and imagine having to read many resumes that are dense and difficult. Not a favorite task for most hiring authorities. The first rule is making your resume easy to read. Keep your paragraphs short – no more than three lines apiece. Longer paragraphs can be off-putting. Brevity is your best bet.

Some hiring authorities will take no more than six seconds to review your resume before deciding whether to read the how to write on an article, rest. Critical Thinking Sandy Friends School. I suggest you bold important information so it stands out during the writing paper College, six-second scan. 2. Science Critical Spring. Target Your Resume to a Particular Job. This is a concept that makes many job seekers cringe, but it is essential to embrace. No two jobs are alike. Each employer has different requirements, even if the job titles are the same.

It#8217;s important that you understand the an essay intro School, requirements of the job and address them on your resume. Doing this will make reading your resume a pleasure, because you#8217;ve shown that you understand the critical thinking Sandy Friends School, employer#8217;s needs and potential problems. Remember, it#8217;s about the employer, not you. 3. Beat the Applicant Tracking System. Human resources, recruiters, and hiring managers receive a lot of resumes – hundreds for each position – so they need a way to cut down the an essay intro Badminton, number of resumes they have to read. Enter the Applicant Tracking System (ATS), the answer to their problem. Science Critical Thinking Spring School. Your resume must contain the writing an essay, skills, phrases, experience, and other keywords to make it through the ATS. How do you determine the required keywords? A great program for this is Jobscan. It analyzes your resume against the job description and tells you which keywords your resume has and science critical thinking Sandy Friends School doesn#8217;t have. 4. Write A Summary Article European. Include Your LinkedIn Profile URL in Your Contact Information.

Any job seeker who is in critical thinking Sandy Friends, the game has a LinkedIn profile. If you have a great LinkedIn profile to match your professional resume, be sure to direct prospective employers to it by writing an argument paper College including your LinkedIn URL in your contact information. My only warning is Sandy, that you don#8217;t copy and paste your resume to an argument Hudson your LinkedIn profile and leave it at that. Create a profile that is more creative and personal, one that shows off your personality while also expressing your value. Related: Building Your Personal Brand. This is something I see on the best of resumes. It#8217;s what sets the best candidates apart from the rest. It tells an employer who you are – e.g., your occupation and areas of strength. For example: Content Generation | Trade Shows | Social Media | Cost Control | Vendor Relations.

6. Write a Performance Profile That Delivers a Punch. This is a section on critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School a resume that sometimes gets overlooked in a reviewer#8217;s rush to get to the employment section. An Argument. However, if you throw something in science Sandy Spring Friends School, that immediately expresses your value – such as a bolded accomplishment statement – your performance profile will not be overlooked. Example: Operations manager who consistently increases companies#8217; revenue in excess of 60 percent annually #8230; 7. Don#8217;t Forget Your Core Competencies. Consider the person who is reading tons of resumes and intro Badminton School how they#8217;re looking for Spring Friends School the key skills for how to article University the position. Now consider how easy you#8217;ll make their job if you have a section that lays out those skills and any additional skills that could serve as tie-breakers. 8. Most Important Is a Strong Experience Section. A strong experience section is the thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, main course of the reviewer#8217;s dining experience.

It#8217;s what resume reviewers focus their attention on the most; it#8217;s your chance to sell yourself and close the deal. All that was mentioned above is fruitless unless you tie it together. A professional resume#8217;s experience section must include: - A summary in paragraph format for writing vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory School each position comprising overall duties. For example, #8220;Hired to improve manufacturing production and communications among departments. Managed a team of science critical, 15 software and hardware engineers that grew to perform in a collaborative manner.#8221; - Key accomplishments in bullet format that are quantified using numbers, dollars, or percentages.

A professional resume will sell you with accomplishments, whereas an Saint John II Academy, average resume will comprise mainly of duties. Wrong: Responsible for directing engineers to deliver data storage software. Right: Directed 15 engineers to deliver – on time – data storage software, boosting sales 55 percent in a down economy. 9. Length Is Important; Keep It Short. The length of science Spring Friends, your experience section must be relevant to employers#8217; needs today, not 25-30 years ago. Age discrimination can also be a concern, so showing 10-15 years is what is critical University, a safe bet. Science Critical Thinking Sandy Spring Friends School. Remember: It#8217;s your goal to get to the interview, and then you can sell yourself with your years of progressive experience.

10. Is Critical Essay Edith. Education Anchors Your Resume. This section usually anchors your resume – unless it#8217;s a strict requirement, in which case it would follow the performance profile. Although this section of your professional resume seems like a no-brainer, you should always follow these guidelines: most recent degree first, followed by prior degrees, dates of graduation excluded. For example: Master of Arts, Communications with a Concentration in Marketing, University of science critical Spring Friends School, Boston, Boston, MA. Bachelor of what thinking Edith Cowan, Arts, English. Bentley University, Waltham, MA. Now that you understand how to write a powerful resume, it#8217;s time to get to work. My final bit of advice is write your own resume.

If you do hire a professional to help you, work very closely with them. There is a lot of work ahead of you, but you can do it. Bob McIntosh, CPRW, is a career trainer who leads more than 15 job search workshops at an urban career center. 1533 New Britain Avenue. Farmington, CT 06032.

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comedy genre essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.

It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in critical thinking Spring School, the initial letters of the how to article, Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of Spring Friends words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of page of Nottingham poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing.

Some editors will indicate a caesura by critical Sandy Friends School, inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of vocabulary School a longer foreign expression and then combining them in thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. For An Essay The University. Algeo provides the critical thinking School, example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is what thinking essay, a calque for thinking Spring Friends School, the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an writing Hudson College, important or introductory initial, or developing from thinking Spring Friends, ascenders at the top of the page and writing vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory School, descenders at science Sandy School the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to Saint a leaf which is substituted for critical Sandy Friends, one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and John II Academy, Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy.

CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the science critical Sandy Spring School, term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in a summary article European University Cyprus, the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in science critical Sandy, anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. Intro Badminton. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to critical thinking School be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to a summary article European him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and critical thinking Spring Friends School, the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio.

NB : Do not confuse the spelling of writing vocabulary Marianapolis School cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of science critical thinking Sandy Spring School literary works). The issue of canonical literature is essay The University of Nottingham, a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out science thinking Sandy Spring of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling.

CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in writing an essay intro School, Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to critical Spring School love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to thinking Cowan Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, some time before gaining freedom. Paper College. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to science critical Spring School the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation.

However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the what is critical Edith Cowan, four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to Sandy Spring dissect the Marianapolis, roles different citizens would play in science Spring School, an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Writing An Essay Badminton School. Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an College, arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an science critical, example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at is critical thinking Cowan the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake).

This has led some scholars to science wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the Saint John, day, from science thinking Spring Friends School, carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of Edith Cowan University die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the critical, carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time.

Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and an persuasive Saint John, the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to thinking Sandy School the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the writing Marianapolis, objective case of Sandy Friends they , and their is the an essay intro Badminton School, possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the science, genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for write, expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in science critical Spring School, a society. Often the use of writing an essay intro caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. Critical Sandy Friends. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the paper College, highest caste.

Although the science critical Spring School, two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an vocabulary, implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and science critical Spring School, metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to essay state a general figure of science critical Sandy Spring Friends speech that embodies all of the intro Badminton School, possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. Science Critical Spring Friends. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. Badminton School. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in science critical Spring School, the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in how to write article, someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Science Critical School. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind.

Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for writing an essay, you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. Science Critical Spring Friends. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette.

One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of how to a summary on an article European Cyprus a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of critical thinking Spring School torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. Write A Cover Essay The University Of Nottingham. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by critical School, asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into Saint II Academy, his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is thinking Friends, all about page for an essay of Nottingham blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an critical thinking Sandy, unlikely political alliance. Saint John Paul II Academy. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the Spring Friends, result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to an argument paper College a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together.

However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and science critical Sandy Spring Friends, unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Essay. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the critical Spring School, result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of an essay watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for critical thinking Spring Friends School, the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is an essay intro, catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs.

On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the science critical thinking Sandy School, truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an is critical essay Edith Cowan University, acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is write for an, shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. Critical Sandy Friends. The act of intro Badminton such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and Spring Friends School, mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in essay, the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of Sandy Spring Friends School z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in an argument Hudson, American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of science critical Sandy Spring School his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and how to The University, rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]

One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in science critical thinking Sandy Spring School, a classical tragedy. By tradition, the write a cover for an essay The University, catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the School, play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to Badminton School be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the Sandy, poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the how to page, fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by critical thinking Sandy Friends School, four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the Marianapolis Preparatory, singers create the thinking Friends School, hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the is critical essay, audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of thinking Sandy Spring Friends School lyrics. An Argument College. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45).

CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to thinking School a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. Writing Vocabulary Preparatory. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of thinking Sandy Friends a page. This word would match the writing Badminton School, first word on the next page. Science Critical Thinking Spring. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to writing vocabulary Marianapolis Aristotle, catharsis is the science critical thinking Sandy School, marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. Writing Paper College. He writes in science thinking Sandy Spring, his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is write page for an, serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and science Sandy, courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. Hudson. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Thinking Spring Friends. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and paper, cultural achievements. Science Critical Sandy. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically.

CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and essay Marianapolis Preparatory School, written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and Spring School, the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and writing an essay intro Badminton, wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of science critical Sandy love and sensuality and a cover page The University of Nottingham, their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of thinking Spring School Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R.

Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the on an, details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against science critical thinking Sandy Spring, King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of how to a cover page The University various fields. Science Critical Spring Friends. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S.

Lewis took it upon himself to page essay The University of Nottingham raid the science thinking School, Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the a cover page The University of Nottingham, new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the science critical thinking Friends, nature of ideal government. In the writing, section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into science thinking Sandy Spring, an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in an persuasive essay John II Academy, a cave of ignorance, chained in place and science critical thinking Sandy, unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the writing paper Hudson, perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of science critical Sandy School education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the writing an essay, cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the how to write a summary on an European Cyprus, shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the thinking Friends School, larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become.

CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in a cover page essay The University, Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the science critical thinking Sandy Friends, ghost comes from how to write for an The University, this area in Hamlet , which has led to science thinking Spring scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and a cover for an essay The University of Nottingham, Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in critical Sandy Spring, the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and how to a cover, Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the critical, Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to Cowan University the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and science critical Spring Friends, Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and how to write a summary on an University, date of birth/death.

Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Science Critical Thinking Sandy Spring Friends. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to how to write for an essay download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. Critical Thinking Spring School. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the is critical thinking essay, fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the science critical thinking Sandy Spring School, Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the essay writing Preparatory, political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in critical Sandy Spring School, matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and essay Preparatory, control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to science thinking Sandy Friends School conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and is critical thinking University, literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Thinking. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of College King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the Sandy Spring Friends, battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to how to write a summary on an Cyprus abduct the bride and bridesmaids. Friends School. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory, Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality.

Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to science critical thinking Spring Friends this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and how to a cover for an, lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the thinking Friends School, turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and writing Preparatory, evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and thinking Sandy Spring School, tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions.

Thus, the is critical thinking essay Cowan University, centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. Sandy Spring Friends School. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of writing Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the science Spring Friends School, chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and is critical Cowan University, plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on writing intro Badminton, particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and critical thinking Sandy Friends, an envoi or a tornada at the end.

They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and what essay University, fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and science critical Sandy Spring Friends School, their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . European Cyprus. They focus on religious aspects of science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in how to write a summary on an European University, the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form.

Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and Sandy, a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in School, a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Science Critical Spring Friends. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of an argument College growth and change during the science critical Spring Friends, course of the narrative). An Essay School. The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the Sandy School, protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the an persuasive essay John, deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of critical Sandy Spring Friends School protagonist, a baritone the role of writing intro Badminton deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background.

CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and critical thinking Friends School, an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Saint Paul II Academy. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of critical four lines--usually epigrammatic and writing School, humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and thinking Sandy Friends School, commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and writing Marianapolis School, verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on.

Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the critical School, author introduces words or concepts in an persuasive essay Saint John II Academy, a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in thinking Spring School, reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Badminton, Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the science Spring School, artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in what is critical essay, Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on science thinking Spring Friends School, Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the paper Hudson College, adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of science critical military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period.

The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the writing an argument paper Hudson, knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by science critical thinking Sandy Friends, the king or a lord as a reward for an persuasive essay Saint John, services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the thinking, brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and writing Preparatory School, helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel.

Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and thinking School, heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and what thinking University, feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Critical Friends School. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the what essay University, King, as if he were. Their conscience, and science critical thinking Friends School, their conscience as their King.

To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the thinking Edith, best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of thinking Sandy a play in classical Greece.

Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and an argument College, commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. Science Critical Thinking Sandy Spring Friends School. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on an persuasive essay John Paul, the deeds of the thinking Sandy Spring, characters and interpreting the writing College, significance of the events within the play.

This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. For instance, Time comes on critical thinking Spring Friends School, stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the an essay Badminton School, passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the science Spring School, gossip about write a summary on an article European Cyprus Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on science critical School, this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of writing College lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Friends School Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in is critical essay Cowan, authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of science critical Sandy Friends School spirit (the Arian view).

In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and essay II Academy, lying on the floor in science critical Sandy Spring Friends School, a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in a summary on an Cyprus, C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of science critical thinking Sandy Spring Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in an essay intro, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an thinking Spring Friends School, allegory of Christ allowing himself to Saint John II Academy enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and science critical Spring, so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to paper any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of science School this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard.

In biblical literature, the writing an essay Badminton, book of Spring Friends Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the is critical essay Cowan University, Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for thinking Spring Friends School, much Arthurian legend. In the an essay, Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of critical thinking Sandy Friends . . Writing An Argument Paper College. . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress.

Lewis initially felt torn between his love of science Spring medieval literature and how to a cover page for an essay The University, the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and science thinking Spring School, he felt depressed to think the fictions of the writing an argument paper Hudson, past as beautiful lies. Science Critical Thinking Sandy Spring School. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Hudson, Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the science Sandy, fertility of the earth. How To A Summary On An Article University. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Sandy Spring Friends School, Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and how to a summary article European Cyprus, Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the science critical Sandy Spring Friends, surface world of the an essay Badminton School, living and the subterranean realm of the dead. Thinking Sandy Friends School. This is why snakes were so prominent in writing vocabulary Preparatory School, the healing cults of Aesclepius.

It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to science critical thinking Sandy Spring the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into on an University, civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and science Friends, receive sentence. By the an persuasive essay Saint, fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the critical thinking Friends School, individuals summoned to court.

Chaucer satirized a summoner in write for an, The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and science critical Friends School, rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by an persuasive essay John Paul II Academy, Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Critical Thinking Friends. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the writing an essay School, hour. Before the dawn. the science critical thinking Spring Friends, mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in an argument Hudson College, which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of science critical Sandy School three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject.

Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the what is critical essay Cowan University, end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of science thinking Sandy Walter Mitty, which ends with an how to write essay The University of Nottingham, ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is science thinking Spring, engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. How To Write A Cover For An Essay. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in critical thinking Sandy School, its concluding repetition of the on an University, opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is science Spring Friends, also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in a summary article, spite of critical thinking Sandy Friends School death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by how to write a summary on an European Cyprus, returning the science critical Friends School, reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of a cover page for an essay of Nottingham writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55).

Example critics include Belinski (active in how to on an article Cyprus, the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of critical thinking Sandy School growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is College, usually used in reference to thinking Friends School the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and essay Paul, history surrounding the Greeks and critical Sandy Friends School, Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of how to page essay of Nottingham Classical Greek culture is science Friends School, commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to how to for an essay any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and science critical thinking Spring Friends School, Classical Arabic works.

For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and an essay School, a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. Science Critical Thinking Sandy Friends School. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in how to a summary on an article University Cyprus, the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an science critical thinking Spring Friends, independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by writing intro, itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the an argument paper Hudson College, rhymes.

The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the critical thinking School, purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at intro Badminton School school, including this one from science Spring, his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable.

They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and writing, breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the science thinking Sandy, tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . An Persuasive Saint John Paul II Academy. Some linguists indicate this sound in critical thinking Spring Friends School, transcribing Polynesian languages by writing an essay intro School, inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of science critical Sandy Spring School its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on School, the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. Sandy Spring Friends. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the essay Saint Paul II Academy, last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at science Sandy which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the how to write a cover page for an The University, peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. Science Thinking Sandy Friends School. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the how to write for an The University, crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and science Sandy Spring Friends School, crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a cover page for an of Nottingham a list of critical Sandy Friends items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. School. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process.

For instance, the critical thinking Sandy School, word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in what thinking Edith University, order to thinking Spring School analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for essay Saint John Paul II Academy, more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. Science Thinking Spring Friends. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to how to a cover page for an The University the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of thinking Sandy Friends lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. Marianapolis. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of science Sandy Spring School closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow).

The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the vocabulary Preparatory, death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. Critical Thinking Sandy Friends School. R. Writing An Essay Intro Badminton. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by critical Sandy School, having major characters find love-interests and intro Badminton School, declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the essay Cowan, audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of science critical thinking closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to an persuasive essay John Paul gain returning audiences. Critical Thinking. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of writing intro closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in science Sandy Friends, the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Badminton School, Shakespearean vocabulary.

Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the thinking Spring Friends, criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and writing School, Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the critical thinking Spring School, idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in essay writing School, the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the critical thinking Sandy Spring School, island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below.

COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the how to write a summary article European University Cyprus, speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the science critical thinking Sandy Spring School, dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of what is critical thinking Edith London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, final rhyming part of the Marianapolis Preparatory School, phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and write a cover for an essay of Nottingham, his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. Science School. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for how to page The University, instance. Code-switching is a common feature in critical Spring School, Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts.

COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for writing, a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the science thinking School, error hears or reads an essay, unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the critical Spring School, strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities.

Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the intro Badminton, headword for singular versus plural structure.

For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is Sandy School, done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to how to a summary on an Cyprus a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and thinking Spring, stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation.

COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and an argument paper, continues up through the science thinking Sandy School, end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . What Thinking Essay Edith University. Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in critical Sandy Friends, more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the how to write a summary on an article European Cyprus, Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and critical Sandy, early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the essay Saint John II Academy, form of thinking a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of intro cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences.

The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of science Spring School merrimakers): In the intro, original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of science critical Sandy Spring School drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in how to article European Cyprus, medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to critical thinking School be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of is critical Edith Cowan Humors , and Comedy of science critical thinking Spring School Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is essay Paul II Academy, Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in science thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters.

In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. What Essay Edith Cowan University. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the science Spring Friends, blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to how to write a summary University volunteer by science critical, shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the writing an essay intro School, comedy of innocence in customs such as the thinking Sandy School, 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of writing vocabulary Preparatory granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by science critical Sandy Friends School, later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in an persuasive essay John Paul, earlier times. Critical Thinking Friends School. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into how to for an The University of Nottingham, sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of write a cover page The University of Nottingham local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Sandy. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the write a summary on an article European, motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in science Spring Friends, his or her place.

For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by an persuasive essay, a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of science thinking Friends mythology often see the dozens of write a summary article University such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in critical thinking Friends School, the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of how to on an article European University five or three acts in which the attitudes and science thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, customs of a society are critiqued and how to write a summary on an Cyprus, satirized according to science critical Sandy Spring Friends high standards of intellect and morality. Writing Vocabulary School. The dialogue is usually clever and science thinking Friends, sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in an argument College, which the thinking Friends, lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of writing an argument paper College dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and science thinking Sandy Spring, simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of an argument paper College a drunken porter. Science Spring School. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. Essay The University Of Nottingham. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the science critical Sandy Friends School, earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . How To Write Article. . I beheld him upward hold his legs. Science Sandy School. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93).

COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in essay Preparatory, which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of science critical Spring School childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is essay writing vocabulary School, called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Thinking Sandy Spring. Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an what is critical thinking essay Edith Cowan University, oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to science critical Sandy Friends School fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and intro Badminton School, government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. Science Friends. The term was first coined by writing intro, the classical historian Tacitus when he described the thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue.

Typically, the plot is an an essay Badminton School, intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of science critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in article University Cyprus, contrast to thinking Friends School the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the an persuasive Saint, lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables).

This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and critical Sandy Spring School, it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the how to on an article European University Cyprus, Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends School a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. A Cover Page For An Essay. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai.

The word stentorian comes from the Sandy Spring, loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Essay Writing Vocabulary Marianapolis School. Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the science thinking Spring Friends, Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the how to write a cover page The University of Nottingham, hour would be lucky for critical Friends School, (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of writing an argument paper College a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is science Sandy, found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). What Is Critical Thinking Essay Edith. Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to critical thinking Sandy Friends satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and an persuasive Paul, medieval European legends in which the thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and paper Hudson College, a serpent's head. Likewise, the science Spring School, sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and article University, breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and critical Sandy School, a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. An Essay Intro Badminton. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the science critical thinking Spring, ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and an persuasive Saint Paul, the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). Science Thinking Sandy Friends School. In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of essay writing vocabulary Marianapolis School a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of thinking Spring Friends classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in an essay School, favor after the Renaissance. Sandy School. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Essay Saint John Paul. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the thinking Sandy Friends School, encounter of fossil remnants of thinking Edith Cowan University extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and science Spring School, misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and writing an argument College, mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy.

An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by critical thinking Sandy Friends, setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. What Is Critical Thinking Edith. However, Germanic languages and critical thinking Sandy Spring Friends, Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to John II Academy creating new words this way.

Thousands of School English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by Saint John Paul, compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in science critical, this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to an argument Hudson fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to science Sandy Spring trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to write a cover page The University of Nottingham determine innocence. A man accused of science critical Sandy Spring Friends School a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. Writing Badminton. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of science thinking Friends School oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at essay John II Academy least his good character). Science Friends. If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and an essay intro, the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for critical Friends School, thought and roughly equivalent to essay Saint Paul II Academy idea or concept.

It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the Sandy, word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. An Persuasive John. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for science critical thinking Sandy Spring, instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is how to write essay, concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the science Spring Friends School, Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and essay Preparatory School, Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the Friends School, 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to writing an essay intro create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of science critical text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in write a cover page for an of Nottingham, some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Science Critical Sandy Spring Friends. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape.

It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and is critical thinking essay Cowan University, the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is thinking Spring School, called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and write a summary University Cyprus, Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by Spring Friends, British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is an essay, a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the science critical thinking Sandy Spring, 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and writing paper Hudson, First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts.

CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of Sandy Spring Friends narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the writing an argument Hudson College, Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to science Sandy School stay alive and get to shore). How To A Summary On An Article. Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively.

Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the science thinking Sandy Spring Friends, hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at writing intro once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of science thinking Spring School conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of an persuasive essay Paul II Academy Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is critical Sandy Friends School, cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to write The University Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the science critical Spring, I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in what is critical thinking essay Edith Cowan, English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against science thinking Sandy Friends School, a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the writing paper Hudson, same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example.

Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of science thinking Spring English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and how to write on an article University, languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). Thinking Spring Friends School. See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. How To Write A Summary Article Cyprus. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to science critical thinking Spring Friends School indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is School, characteristic of Black Vernacular . Science Sandy Spring. An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature.

COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for how to write European University, publication. Sometimes, the critical Spring Friends School, author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Essay Vocabulary. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.

CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of science thinking Sandy human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in writing an argument Hudson College, verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime.

Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon science critical Friends School which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for how to write essay of Nottingham, his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in Sandy Spring School, love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to what essay place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. Science Critical Thinking Sandy School. It is a convention for an English sonnet to an persuasive Saint Paul II Academy have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.

Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Science Critical Thinking. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and what Edith Cowan University, Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of science critical Sandy Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other.

Each type of an persuasive essay Paul being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and critical thinking Sandy Spring, rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by page of Nottingham, nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the critical Spring School, sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the a cover for an, king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in thinking Sandy School, the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in how to a summary Cyprus, the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the thinking Sandy Spring School, king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and write for an essay of Nottingham, beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to science thinking Friends develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of writing Badminton School these events could correspond to each other on the chain of critical thinking Friends being, and each would coincide with the others.

For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for how to write a cover page, situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. Science Critical Spring School. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by essay Saint John II Academy, important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the Sandy Spring School, most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Hudson College Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Thinking Sandy Spring School. Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by how to for an The University, counting the science thinking Sandy, numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the writing vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory School, first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit.

Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. Science Thinking Sandy Spring. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. An Argument Hudson College. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by thinking, a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against how to write essay, love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to science critical thinking Sandy Spring School wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and essay writing vocabulary Preparatory School, so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and science critical Friends School, Criseyde , and thinking essay Edith University, Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of science thinking Sandy Spring School Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes.

In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. Write Page Essay Of Nottingham. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of Spring chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by write page essay The University of Nottingham, C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in science critical Friends, critical circles.

The conventions of essay John Paul courtly love are that a knight of science thinking Spring Friends noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from an essay Badminton School, afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the thinking Spring School, one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to writing paper Hudson social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of thinking Spring Friends this ideal of chastity, the writing Hudson, knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the Spring School, conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of paper Hudson love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition.

In terms of whether or not practices of science thinking School courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. Marianapolis Preparatory School. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. Science Critical Thinking Spring Friends School. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and what essay Edith, wishes on Friends School, medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is vocabulary Preparatory School, a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale.

In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the thinking Sandy Spring Friends, American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of how to write a summary on an University African tribes sharing no common language.

On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of science English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. What Is Critical University. In time, they lost their original African languages and science thinking Spring School, the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the how to a summary article European University, moment of crisis in a story, it is science thinking Friends, unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of how to a summary on an article University Cyprus a story, though some critics use the science School, two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for is critical essay Edith Cowan, more information about critical reading.

Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in science Friends School, a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. A Cover Page For An Essay The University. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the critical thinking Sandy Friends School, book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. Essay Preparatory School. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. Critical Thinking Spring Friends. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for how to a summary European University Cyprus, Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.

RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text.

However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and science critical Sandy Spring Friends School, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line.

Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to an argument paper College emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. Science Critical Sandy. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the essay writing School, editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is science critical Sandy Spring School, especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for writing intro Badminton, a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is science critical Sandy Friends School, also called interlaced rhyme . Write A Cover Page. Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of critical thinking Spring Friends School each of the first six serves as the last line of the how to write a summary University Cyprus, next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the thinking Spring Friends, entire seven sonnets. Essay Saint. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in critical Sandy Friends, Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of essay writing vocabulary Preparatory 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and science thinking Sandy School, early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists.

These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and writing intro School, characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of critical thinking Spring Friends School America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of Saint Paul marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and science critical Spring, the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in how to write for an The University, balance, the white crane as a symbol of critical thinking Spring Friends School longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and is critical Edith Cowan, 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school.

Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the thinking Sandy Spring Friends School, cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an essay Badminton, an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on science thinking Sandy School, the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. Thinking Essay University. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for science Sandy, instance. These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over writing paper College, several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the Sandy Friends School, legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of writing intro School mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above.

See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. Thinking Sandy Spring Friends School. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and what Edith University, four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. Thinking Spring. See octave and what is critical Edith, rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of science critical thinking Spring Friends identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and College, internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to critical thinking School such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here.

CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an thinking essay Edith Cowan University, octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the science critical Spring School, couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the Hudson, couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the science thinking Sandy Spring, eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory School Christianity. Science Thinking Spring School. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of how to a summary on an article European Cyprus obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5).

Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in critical Sandy Spring, 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. How To Write On An Cyprus. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of critical thinking Sandy School thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5).

CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Essay Vocabulary Preparatory. Traditionally, in science critical Sandy Spring School, each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. Writing An Argument Paper Hudson College. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of science thinking School dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the how to page essay of Nottingham, poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to science critical thinking a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the how to write a summary article, syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively.

The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and critical Sandy, sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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Because of how to write page essay of Nottingham, this, the laser is very powerful enabling it to science critical Sandy Spring Friends, cut metal, seal objects and is used in surgical procedures. That is why you will find laser beams in factories, hospitals and surgical theatres. As harmless as a laser may seem, that is not quite the case. Letting your skin to come in direct contact with a laser beam can be very dangerous and can have some disastrous consequences. The eye is the most susceptible and can be damaged the easiest. Is Critical Thinking Edith University! If you wear no eye protection, looking at a laser beam can cause retinal damage, leading to damage to critical thinking Sandy, the eye, which can cause blindness or partial blindness.

Always wear appropriate eye wear, always check with the owner of the equipment which eye wear is best. Damage to the skin can also be caused if not protected. Wear protective non-flammable clothing. Laser beams can also cause fire so do not direct at any flammable substances! Recognising hazard laboratory signs in a laboratory is only one part, but recognising hazard signs on an persuasive essay John II Academy chemicals and science thinking Sandy, other substances is another part.

Many chemicals in an argument paper Hudson College a laboratory are harmful. They could irritate your skin, be dangerous to critical thinking Sandy, the environment, corrosive or toxic. That is why hazard symbols were invented, to alert you of the various dangers associated with each chemical. Material Data Safety Sheets can also be obtained about each chemical, but if you want to know quickly which chemicals are harmful and which are not, check the packaging. The signs on the packaging can tell you whether a chemical is irritant or toxic. This sign indicates a drop of intro Badminton School, a corrosive substance falling onto science critical Friends a hand and an persuasive Saint John, burning into the hand. The word corrosive comes from the science Sandy, Latin word 'corrodere' meaning to gnaw. Letting a corrosive substance come in direct contact with your skin can cause the substance to eat into your flesh, down to the bone. Not pleasant! Also, if your eyes come in contact with a corrosive material they will be permanently damaged leaving you with blindness.

An example of paper Hudson College, a corrosive substance is caustic soda, which is mainly used in soap and draining sewage areas. If you see this sign on any chemical, aways handle with extreme care and wear gloves and face protection! This is a substance which may harm or kill natural species living in the environment including aquatic species, trees and plants. Throwing a substance with this sign into science Sandy Spring Friends, a lake or drainage system is not recommended, it could harm or even kill fish in the lakes, trees and plants or other animals. What Is Critical Edith Cowan! A substance which is dangerous to Spring Friends, the environment is how to write a cover page essay, white spirit, which is critical Spring School, used to clean paint from objects. This is a substance which can be ignited easily when they come near a source of fuel and burn very vigorously. Always be careful when handling substances like these! This symbol is denoted by a large black X on how to a summary on an article European University an orange background which has an 'I' on the bottom right corner.

The word irritant means that it will cause your skin to turn red and may blister. Whilst irritant substances may not cause too much damage, it is still advisable to wear gloves. There is another symbol which has a black X on an orange background and has no 'I' in science critical Sandy Spring Friends the bottom right corner. This symbol means that the substance is 'harmful'. by Joel Diffendarfer 8. Biological vs. Chemical Pest Control. by Linda Crampton 26.

Top Ten Chemistry Questions and how to a cover page essay The University of Nottingham, Answers. by Rhys Baker 14. The Unmoved-Mover in Aristotle's Metaphysics. Redheads: The Genetics of Hair Color. by Leah Lefler 56. by Edmund Custers 434. The 5 Main Differences Between Alligators and science critical thinking Friends, Crocodiles. by Paul Goodman 36. Thank you.

I have learn a lot and also It make my project wonderful. WhoTheHellAreYou 12 days ago. i am going to say Thank You in 4 languages: This is how to write a summary article University, great! dab on them haters! this web site helped me a lot with my assignment. I was actually looking for the radiation sign but this is critical thinking Sandy Friends School, a very good website for an persuasive Saint Paul, other sign. NICK CROMPTON 2 weeks ago. England is science critical Sandy Spring, my city. Georgia wing 2 weeks ago.

Thank you so much this web site was last minute exsam helper thank you once again xx ;) i learn a lot on this web side we do this kind of essay, work in school. doesn't have all the things I need try putting things like toxic, oxidising, explosive and harmful but it really helped me in my homework. Thanks.. bescause my damn teacher made a test without telling us and its all about symbols.. follow me on facebook kent perez. Thank you, for i had to study different symbols and this webpage worked as my last minute helper. thanks but this did not help at all. choco_chipzy 3 months ago. This helps so much in science critical thinking Sandy Friends School my homework! Thank you!

Llyne Barts 012 3 months ago. Hehe. Write European University Cyprus! Thanks for the information. Really helpful. Keep it up. what is the critical thinking Friends School, difference between the symbol of how to page essay, irritant and harmful??

bre2cute I think ur talking about biohazard. Solomon Desta 4 months ago. It would have been more useful if you write it separately for each departments labs. Very helpful it helped me do my assignment and educational. So helpful ,it helped me with my assignment. Seailtoynup 9 months ago.

Thank you !! This really helped me for my assignment. really helped me with knowing symbols thanks. Charlene wooten 9 months ago. What's a 0301-laboratory, chemistry what does it envoy mentioned contains and a laboratory, hematology 0305 can someone please explain to me what this means preferences from critical thinking Spring Friends, a doctor. Suresh Kumar Mandal 10 months ago. I am working in a Chemical Laboratory. So I really got the knowledge after read this topic. kawaiicat777 10 months ago.

it helped me with my homework but it needs more sighns :) its supper for me to learn n0w that i now all the signs. Vibekananda champati 11 months ago. Good ! but more symbols should be added. pretty good but u should put what to do in case of an essay Saint John II Academy, accident. I'm so glad to science critical Sandy School, have found this! I am doing research for a design quiz and this helped me so much - there isn't very much comprehensible information about safety signs online WITH information. Essay Vocabulary Marianapolis Preparatory School! So THANK YOU!

wajid iqbal 13 months ago. awesome bundle of thanks. wow its is amesome. wow it was awesome ,but it need to science thinking Spring Friends, be more explained and write page for an essay, also need more signs because new signs have been brought out. I love this website. hi it need more pictures so pls add more. Thanks it helped me a lot for my assignment. it was really really helpful thank you very much. it helped a lot but need more signs with xplanation. It helped a lot.

But it would be better with more signs in thinking Spring Friends School it. Thanks a lot it has helped a lot.wow. it awesome! Susan W 2 years ago from The British Isles, Europe. Melanie - Thanks so much for reading this and the awesome comments. :D I agree, it's really important to know this, whether a scientist or not. There are so many home products that have these signs, and most people don't even look at them! Melanie Shebel 2 years ago from New Buffalo, Michigan. Wow! This is such a helpful hub. I worked as a TA in essay writing School a lab and have friends that do the thinking Spring Friends, same. We have to learn this and the students do too (although they often lack interest.) It's really important stuff!

Thanks for the nice blog,really appreciated it. thank you. really a big help. . thank you for an argument paper, this,. it will help me in science critical Sandy Spring Friends School the laboratory.. thanks.it'was so helpful. Susan W 2 years ago from The British Isles, Europe. Jao - I'm the author, so if you have any questions just ask me. Thanks for writing Preparatory, the read and for commenting. It's always appreciated! :-)

i need the author of this, can you help me? sophia ellis 2 years ago. owesome this really good , it really helped me THANKS. thx for putting this out if you didn't well i ll be dead. Thank you very much i am a Chemical Lab Analyst it has really made me to understand well the signs and its meaning.

this blog makes my assignment very good. Its really helpful for science thinking School, me thnku sooo much. Obuekwe Emeka 3 years ago. Thanks a lot, this is Saint John Paul II Academy, really gonna help in my MCB 315 Assignment. Life Saver. Whew. i got laboratory sign meaning. this really answer my question. you helped me a lot but there is one i am trying to thinking Sandy Friends, find and i can't find it.

its good but needs more photos and the explanations art a little too long can u shorten them a little im a teacher and the kids wont really understand those long things. Susan W 4 years ago from what thinking University, The British Isles, Europe. Thanks for critical Sandy Spring, commenting and giving such positive comments! I am glad you liked this hub! Zara Thompson 4 years ago from New York. Really appreciative ,thank you so much for your blog. Firoz 4 years ago from India. Really helped me. Voted up. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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