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Michael Jackson in reviewed journal College Canterbury Search of Neverland is the Bournemouth Winner of the Best Celebrity Irwin Award! A beautiful unforgettable true story book of the Berlin Family's many decade close friendship while growing up with the most well known Artist Entertainer to reviewed ever walk on writing an essay Deakin (Navitas) Planet Earth. T his Master Icon performer is known for reviewed journal College Canterbury his fabulous singing, song writing and master of Dance creation and much more. He traveled the world to travel writing essays Hebron preform his craft while being excepted as royalty in every Country his plane landed. This Man is known around the reviewed articles College World as the writing an informative St Leonards School King of Pop to many and to his true Fans and journal CATS Friends as Michael Joseph Jackson. Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958. How To An Essay Fast Bournemouth? He was the eighth of ten children in an African-American working-class family who lived in a two-bedroom house in Gary, Indiana, an industrial city and a part of the Chicago metropolitan area Michael Joseph Jackson.
From the days of there friendship humble beginnings in reviewed journal articles CATS the mid 1970's that slowly over time turned into larger then life business matters with long journeys and the eventual purchase of the Neverland Ranch Estate and so much more. Write Macquarie? All this and reviewed articles much more in this one of a kind book for all Michael Jackson fans to write an essay read and enjoy. Reviewed College Canterbury? Neverland was the only Estate Home Michael Jackson ever purchased in his life time and loved it more then anything he said time and writing essays Academy time again in Interviews and is well known. This friendship that started as kids playing in the same neighborhood while just living down the street from each other to going to the same school's together and more was part of there fun and great adventures of reviewed articles knowing Michael Jackson extremely well over many decades. Gloria Rhoads Berlin began her life in how to write Macquarie Hollywood as an actress, From films like Cowboy with Glen Ford and other MGM major film productions Gloria had bit parts in many of them. Elizabeth Taylor and Gloria had the same talent agent for a number of years in the 40's and 50's. Reviewed Journal College? She later in life transitioned into publicity and journalism, writing for travel writing Academy the Hollywood Times, Hollywood Night Life, and CATS College Hollywood Entertainer Weekly. Gloria Rhoads Berlin the Actress Mother became a top Real Estate Broker in the 1970's and (Navitas) also created a fantastic gift for Michael Jackson all on her own master plan idea that made Michael even more wealthy then one could ever imagine. She created the mega million Worldwide Fan Club known as THE WORLD OF MICHAEL JACKSON all her idea and creation and is in this true story Book like no other!
This was such a great honor and blessing to journal articles College Canterbury be friends with Michael but then to make big reality's happen for Michael Jackson they felt it was a gift from writing St Leonards God. Michael requested there help while on a long concert tour in reaching some very important life changing goals he had and trusted them to make it happen as soon as possible. What a special request he gave them from just humble beginnings together that all began with the friendship starting in the early mid 1970's just playing kids together in the same neighborhood in the city of Encino California mostly after school when Michael was in a private school off and on and not doing music tours or TV and Radio promotions etc. The Berlin family's 37 year friendship with the most well known man on earth the King of Pop Michael Joseph Jackson is all in reviewed CATS College Canterbury this great fun book covering close to 4 decades. Gloria Rhoads Berlin and her son William Berlin II are some of the very few people who had the pleasure of knowing Michael Jackson extremely well while living just a few blocks away from Michael and persuasive arguments his family. This was the city where young Michael Jackson spent the majority of his years living and reviewed CATS College growing up and not any other place on earth. The fact is Encino California is where Michael spent most of write his life living and turned into a man from his childhood where his Father Joe and Mother Kathrine raised him in the large Family Estate all starting in the early 1970's.
Michael Jackson loved the reviewed articles CATS College Canterbury city of Encino in California so much and it was his Home with his Family by his side till he was ready to move away to his first and persuasive only owned Home one extra magical place he would create as his very own over time. When that magical day came and Michael Jackson decided to articles College move away from his Parents Encino, California Home he grew up in from his very early teen years. He decided to call his close friends just down the road that he had known for many years in the Berlin Family to help him find his first Estate paradise. Gloria Rhoads Berlin and her son William Berlin II were the ones he called and requested them to what to write essay (Navitas) please find him his very own private paradise Estate like no other on reviewed articles College earth and as soon as possible. That is precisely what the writing an informative Berlin Family did for Michael Jackson and much much more in there 37 year friendship with him that turned into working with and for Michael at different times. The Berlin Family relentless works paid off and they are the people who spent years searching many property's with Michael Jackson and found him the Neverland Ranch in 1987. When they found and reviewed College sold Michael Jackson his dream paradise Home Estate where his animals could run freely at the Neverland Ranch they remembered Michael screamed so loud and went wild it was amazing to see him so happy and thrilled at the same time William Berlin II said.
They were then asked by travel writing essays Michael Jackson to journal College Canterbury do even more very important life changing task's for him even while searching for the Neverland Ranch Estate and Valley. it's all in writing essay St Leonards School this untold true story book like no other. You will find no paid writers writing made up story's in reviewed journal College this Book or lies and other made up junk like in other books by people who never spent 3 minutes with Michael or knew him at all for that matter. Michael had Dinner with us at our Home a few times and travel writing essays we respect him beyond words, we think of him like a member of our Family and know just how pure he was as a human being can be and the total respect he had for all living things Gloria Rhoads Berlin said. These people were chosen by Michael Jackson during his top World Wide Entertainer height's in the Music Business to make very special moments happen in his lifetime. These request's by Michael are well known around the reviewed journal College Canterbury world as some of the writing very most important moments in Michael Jackson's life. The Berlin Family truly are some of the very few who got to know and watch Michael Jackson age and mature into a man in person from his childhood days and over every decade of his life after that.
Fan's who have read the reviewed articles College Canterbury Book and old friend's of how to write an essay for scholarship University Michael Jackson felt this was extra important for him to move to his own place after spending years concentrating on CATS the Music Entertainment business since he was 5 years old. Michael needed that break in write an essay Bournemouth University his life to do as he wanted and to reviewed articles CATS College Canterbury start the how to an essay fast University next chapter in his life which was suppose to be starting his own family but also his animal's needing much more space to live in was a big requirement he wanted us to make happen as well Gloria Rhoads Berlin said. But even more important was Michael Jackson himself got to articles College live one fantastic life in his very own heaven on Earth private paradise Estate in Neverland. One that he loved beyond words he stated time after time in interviews that he would never sell Neverland and how to write an essay for scholarship it is partner owned by journal articles CATS College the Michael Jackson Estate even today. He said thanks to the Berlin's many times in there visit's for years after he moved into it and sent them notes, letters and gifts of thanks. Now it was time for the big party's to be held like the Michael Jackson Birthday party's at Neverland. These were party's like you had never seen before and one's you will never forget in your life time. During the lasting fun friendship with Michael that was filled with many day's of fun adventures. These special moments in his life and much much more are all talked about in this extra fun book to read. The Berlin's are some of the travel Hebron very few who got to reviewed CATS College help Michael Jackson reach his most important goals in his lifetime. Travel Essays Hebron Academy? Very special goals that helped him reach some inner peace in life he was seeking and also extra important matters in business that helped Michael Jackson with major financial gain.
Michael became even more wealthy beyond one's possible dreams thanks to reviewed journal College Canterbury Gloria's past and advice with the Family's consultant services business that her and how to write an essay University her son William ran at the same time as the Real E state Business. Back in the 1980's we were called Berlin Financial Consultants and we covered Real Estate to Business Investments and more Gloria Berlin said. From the Media bothering Michael Jackson daily in the city of Encino which stressed him out off and on and his very large rare wild animal collection growing larger with even more wild pets each year at his parents Encino Estate. That made his parent's Estate extremely full and other problems with the reviewed journal articles CATS College city not allowing Michael's wild pet animals to live there and how to an essay for scholarship Macquarie University more. The goals became more clear to reviewed articles College Michael in the mid 1980's that he could live where ever he wanted to and a place called Neverland was going to how to write fast Bournemouth be his first Estate Home he could call his one and reviewed journal only owned Estate property all his own. Michael would go on World wide Music Tours from the early 1980's for 5 months or more at how to write an essay for scholarship University, a time while the Berlin Family worked on these projects for CATS Michael during the search for Neverland. They would work with Michael on his ideas of Neverland to become a real reality even by long distance calls from Michael Jackson on his World Wide Tour's sometimes on a daily basis.
The Berlin Family were some of the very few who Michael Jackson trusted and were blessed with Michael's approval to for scholarship University work with him as well as a lasting long time friendship with him. They spent close to 3 years searching with him and finding Michael Jackson Neverland. It became the journal CATS only Estate Home that he ever owned in travel writing Hebron his life time. To top that off they also are the founders and the same people who started his World wide now almost 1 Billion member Fan Club back in the late 1980's for him at reviewed College, his request. The request came from Michael Jackson one day while they were searching estate's and Ranch Home's with Michael in his Limo. It was all Gloria's Mother's idea I remember that day very well said William Berlin II. For them It was just as exciting as playing one of those similar Michael Jackson action and adventure games for the first time or watching the Michael Jackson - Thriller and Michael Jackson, Justin Timberlake - Love Never Felt So Good Video's for the first time or the official Michael Jackson Dirty Diana or even their favorite one the write Macquarie Michael Jackson remember the time video the first week these were put on the MTV channel. It just felt so great and refreshing everyday working with Michael and of course it also felt so wild like a dream come true at reviewed journal CATS College Canterbury, times for us as well we were just so blessed by Michael Jackson and not thinking this would ever happen to us William Berlin said. They were lucky and travel Academy moved forward in there work and got it all done for Michael. Reviewed Journal Articles CATS College Canterbury? They were loving every minute of being able to work with him as well it just felt so right knowing him all those years before hand and also most of his family members.
While some of his management were not happy about them being in charge of these life changing matters for persuasive College Michael Jackson and were almost going crazy over articles CATS, them at times. Some of these managers wanted to do these things for arguments Michael Jackson them self's and wanted to stop the Berlin's from working on the projects to make more money off of Michael Jackson and articles College Canterbury it became very clear why they acted out about the Berlin family involvements with Michael. All this and much more is in there first untold true story book about growing up with Michael Jackson. This Fan Club Gloria Rhoads Berlin started for Michael Jackson is the largest one in the history of any fan club the an informative world over. The Fan Club is still growing even Millions of more Fans World wide who all miss Michael Jackson many are near heart broken and write or email us about articles him on to write essay of South a weekly basis. Michael Jackson death came very very sadly to us all the day of June 25th 2009 and the Berlin Family has promised to help his legacy of good will and journal articles CATS College more he left us with to live on forever. There list of doing great work for Michael Jackson goes on even deeper in the tasks and efforts they did for Michael during there friendship starting in Encino, California in the mid 1970's. The Mother and Son were part of the 3 member family back then that was primarily in the Real Estate Business World who lived right up the write an essay fast street from Michael Jackson and his Family and were always there for Michael when he would return from his music tours and articles CATS College Canterbury other Event's to help him with his requests of these goals and more.
Michael lived beyond normal everyday traditional life styles and an essay Bournemouth University was held in high regards by leaders of many country's around the world as a great friend to have. Michael Jackson live on stage singing and dancing was just a small part of the man as he was packed with so much more to give and helped others in need with there serious problems like they were his serious problems. Michael Jackson news story's were played around the world in almost every country starting in the 1980's and anytime he added a new pet to his animal collection at journal Canterbury, Neverland it would make international news like he was a citizen of there Country even during there prime time hours of writing an informative St Leonards TV watching. Plus when he was spending weeks at a time living with those in reviewed journal articles College Canterbury need and riding his train and writing an essay (Navitas) other rides with many special kids that were either gravely ill with cancer or other ailments at his Neverland estate from dawn till dusk. It would give one the feeling that had not heard or seen Michael Jackson before that he was so much more then just a one of a kind music entertainer but rather some one ultra gifted and carrying who was walking the planet earth. Michael had powerful unique charisma and reviewed journal articles CATS College Canterbury really truly cared about an informative St Leonards people from all over the world and reviewed CATS College all walks of life. The Michael Jackson biography Michael Jackson in search of University Neverland is a book based on reviewed journal College Michael Jackson growing up in persuasive arguments the city of articles College Canterbury Encino, California and St Leonards School his fun journeys and times with close friends who he truly trusted in the Berlin Family. Gloria Rhoads Berlin was a actress and glamour girl from the 1950's era. She started off as an actress in Hollywood in her early teens and reviewed journal articles CATS College Canterbury shared the how to write an essay Macquarie same agent with Elizabeth Taylor for many years. She Starred in Movies like Guys and Dolls staring Frank Sinatra and Marlin Brando.
Plus Cowboy staring Glen Ford and did acting and stunts in Ten Commandments and journal CATS Canterbury was in many more films. Her son William Berlin II is also a singer song writer performer and he did submit songs for Michael Jackson to hopefully record but you will have to read the books to find out. He was one of the first people to meet and writing St Leonards School make great friends with Michael Jackson just down the street from there Home when the reviewed journal articles College Canterbury Jackson family first moved to writing Hebron the city of Encino from journal Canterbury Gary, Indiana in an essay fast Bournemouth University the early 1970's. The Love for Michael Jackson is still held in high levels and one major priority to many. It can be seen all over the world. To just have a hug from the man for a moment in reviewed journal Canterbury life, but as it turned out the very sick children in the world and disabled were moved to the very front of the line in the early 80's and stayed there forever to meet Michael Jackson and spend lots of time with him. No if's and's or but's as Michael once said to the Berlin's about them. He wanted them to be loved the most by him and persuasive arguments made his point year after year on that to happen with party's for them at his Neverland Estate and so much more.
They were treated like royalty by Michael and his staff members at Neverland and other places in the world he visited when he could travel and spend time with children in reviewed journal CATS Canterbury need. There first book is now out about growing up with Michael Jackson over many decades and all the fun adventure filled days they held together with him while growing up in the city of what in a of South Australia Encino and fun Neverland adventures and reviewed journal CATS more. They our asked on writing an informative essay a weekly basis mostly online the journal articles CATS Canterbury question, is Michael Jackson alive? Michael Jackson alive is what the Berlin family and an essay Macquarie many others close to Michael in his life time would like the world to articles CATS College Canterbury think of when they think of Michael for many many reasons. There are just so many good nature help others in serious need type moments from his life filled with memory's for us to School hold like no other and hold in high regard of him in his lifetime. Michael choose us to be in charge of such life changing important moments in his life time Gloria Rhoads Berlin said. We were both just so blown away at reviewed CATS College Canterbury, how many great things Michael trusted us to make happen for how to write an essay fast Bournemouth him it was mind blowing at times but an honor to help him all the time Will Berlin II said.
They both remember the day Gloria started and created Michael's Mega Million Member Fan Club at Michael's request with her consultant services she ran with husband Morton and Son. What a Story that is! They could write another book just about the Fan Club. Reviewed CATS College? They did one fantastic job in helping Michael Jackson reach his very important goals. Writing University? There is so much more in this great fun filled true story Biography called Michael Jackson in Search of Neverland.
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How to reviewed journal articles College, Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for an essay, a new company are an act of imagination. Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on reviewed journal articles College Canterbury, the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of questions. These questions relate to the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? As for opportunity, the plan should focus on two questions: Is the travel writing Hebron Academy market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in addition to demonstrating an understanding of the context in articles, which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes.
Finally, the plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of what magnitude of reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists. But one that asks the how to write Bournemouth University right questions is reviewed articles, a powerful tool. A better deal, not to mention a better shot at success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of business attract as much attention as new ventures, and few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the business plan. Countless books and articles in the popular press dissect the topic. A growing number of annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. An Essay Bournemouth. Both graduate and undergraduate schools devote entire courses to CATS College Canterbury, the subject. Indeed, judging by all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the arguments Ardingly only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and a decade of month-by-month financial projections. Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from 1 to 10—as a predictor of a new venture’s success.
And sometimes, in fact, the more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the venture is articles CATS College Canterbury, to, well, flop, for lack of a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is persuasive, relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on numbers and devote too little to the information that really matters to intelligent investors. As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an reviewed articles College, act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits. University. Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and journal CATS Canterbury time will be required to accomplish their objectives.
Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Investors know about the how to University padding effect and therefore discount the figures in business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of journal CATS Canterbury, inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in travel writing essays Hebron Academy, the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the articles CATS College key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the yield on a production process; in magazine publishing, the persuasive Ardingly College anticipated renewal rate; or in journal CATS, software, the impact of using various distribution channels.
The model should also address the break-even issue: At what level of sales does the business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive? Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in any business plan. Near the back. What goes at the front? What information does a good business plan contain?
If you want to speak the language of investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the right questions before setting out on the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on the framework that follows. It does not provide the kind of what to write essay Australia (Navitas), “winning” formula touted by some current how-to books and software programs for entrepreneurs. Nor is it a guide to brain surgery. Rather, the framework systematically assesses the four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. The men and women starting and running the venture, as well as the outside parties providing key services or important resources for it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and CATS suppliers.
The Opportunity. A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to whom, whether the business can grow and arguments how fast, what its economics are, who and what stand in the way of success. The Context. The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of reviewed articles College Canterbury, everything that can go wrong and right, and a discussion of how the entrepreneurial team can respond. Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together?
The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to how to fast Bournemouth University, the second, an equally emphatic no. All new ventures—whether they are funded by reviewed journal CATS Canterbury venture capitalists or, as is the case with intrapreneurial businesses, by shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. After all, the to write essay Australia marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on journal articles CATS College Canterbury, who is pouring money into them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests. These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of command, what I call the “neutron bomb” model of project governance. However, in the history of such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of how to for scholarship, corporate hurdle rates.
It is only after the new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the guidelines set out in reviewed articles CATS College, the accompanying article. For instance, business plans for powerpoint, such a venture should begin with the reviewed articles CATS résumés of all the people involved. What has the team done in persuasive College, the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and reviewed journal CATS College so on? In addition, the new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in terms of its opportunity and context. Going through the process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and strengths early on and helps managers address both. It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off. St Leonards School. When professional venture capitalists invest in articles Canterbury, new companies, they track performance as a matter of travel writing Academy, course. But in large companies, scrutiny of a new venture is often inconsistent. That shouldn’t or needn’t be the case. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the new venture doing relative to projections?
What decisions has the team made in response to new information? Have changes in the context made additional funding necessary? How could the team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from CATS College Canterbury its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the how to write an essay University help of venture capitalists. Many of the underlying opportunities could have been exploited by reviewed journal articles Canterbury large companies. Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by studying the world of independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to assemble.
They have an experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to an essay powerpoint Deakin (Navitas), the bottom. The team’s members have skills and experiences directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing. College Canterbury. Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in how to write an essay fast Bournemouth, the past. Journal CATS College. The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is writing School, possible to create a competitive edge and defend it. Many options exist for expanding the reviewed journal Canterbury scale and an essay Bournemouth University scope of the business, and these options are unique to the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the business in a number of articles CATS College Canterbury, ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by persuasive Ardingly scaling down or liquidating. The context is reviewed articles, favorable with respect to both the regulatory and the macro-economic environments. Risk is understood, and the team has considered ways to mitigate the impact of difficult events. In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered. How To Write An Essay Fast University. If only articles College Canterbury, reality were so neat.
When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the people part of the new venture is the most important, but because without the right team, none of the other parts really matters. I read the résumés of the venture’s team with a list of questions in mind. (See the an essay Deakin University (Navitas) insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer.
Where are the founders from? Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and reviewed articles CATS College Canterbury personally—in the past? What is their reputation within the writing business community? What experience do they have that is directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the venture’s chances for articles College, success and the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people? How will they respond to writing an informative essay St Leonards, adversity?
Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to journal CATS Canterbury, be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and whom they know are matters of insight and experience. How familiar are the for scholarship Macquarie University team members with industry players and Canterbury dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the block a few times. A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the new venture’s type of an essay powerpoint Deakin University (Navitas), product or service; its production processes; and the market itself, from competitors to reviewed Canterbury, customers. It also helps to indicate whether the team members have worked together before. Not played—as in Ardingly College, roomed together in college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the journal articles real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable. How To An Essay Fast Bournemouth University. That changes, however, when the new company is run by people well known to suppliers, customers, and employees.
Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is journal CATS, somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the people part of a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per essay, year. These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the world and reap billions in the process—or so they say. But the fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count. Reviewed Articles CATS Canterbury. As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of write an essay for scholarship Macquarie University, such companies as Apple, Intel, and Teledyne, states, “I invest in people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the journal CATS College product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to understand the product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in mind as they craft their proposal. Talk about the people—exhaustively. And if there is nothing solid about their experience and abilities to writing an essay powerpoint (Navitas), herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the venture.
When it comes to the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on two questions: Is the total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and investors look for reviewed journal articles, large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is often easier to obtain a share of a growing market than to fight with entrenched competitors for a share of a mature or stagnant market. Persuasive College. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to identify high-growth-potential markets early in their evolution: that’s where the journal articles CATS big payoffs are. And, indeed, many will not invest in writing Deakin University, a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in reviewed journal Canterbury, annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to Ardingly, Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for journal articles CATS College Canterbury, markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. But that’s not the Deakin (Navitas) no-brainer it seems.
In the late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of companies jumped into the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Twenty years later, however, the thrill is gone for reviewed articles CATS College, managers and investors alike. Disk drive companies must design products to meet the perceived needs of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and end users. Selling a product to OEMs is complicated.
The customers are large relative to most of their suppliers. There are lots of writing Hebron Academy, competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and CATS ongoing technology investments high. The industry is travel writing, subject to major shifts in technology and customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to reviewed journal articles, lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the write an essay fast Bournemouth University disk drive industry is journal CATS Canterbury, simply not set up to how to write an essay Macquarie, make people a lot of money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by reviewed articles CATS Canterbury contrast, is St Leonards, paradise. Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and First Call Corporation, which provide data to reviewed CATS Canterbury, the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side. First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by the way, is like life’s blood to thousands of money managers and stock analysts around the how to an essay for scholarship Macquarie world. And although it is often expensive to develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Also, customers pay in advance of receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed.
In short, the structure of the information services industry is beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame. The Opportunity of articles, a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the new venture’s customer? How does the customer make decisions about buying this product or service?
To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the venture reach all the identified customer segments? How much does it cost (in time and resources) to acquire a customer? How much does it cost to produce and deliver the product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer? How easy is it to retain a customer?
Thus, the first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is what to write essay of South Australia, large and/or growing, and reviewed articles one that’s structurally attractive. The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the case. And if it isn’t the case, their business plan needs to specify how the venture will still manage to make enough of a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for Hebron, that matter) will want to participate. Once it examines the new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in detail how the company will build and launch its product or service into the marketplace. Again, a series of reviewed College Canterbury, questions should guide the discussion. (See the writing an informative School insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the answers to these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the Field of Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come.
That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world. It is not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to new products or services. The market is as fickle as it is journal articles CATS Canterbury, unpredictable. (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to The University (Navitas), introduce an electronic news-clipping service. He made his pitch to a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the journal articles College Canterbury plan, stating, “I just don’t think the dogs will eat the dog food.” Later, when the entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an empty can of Ardingly, dog food and a copy of his prospectus. If it were easy to predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell? Similarly, it is tough to journal articles Canterbury, guess how much people will pay for writing Hebron Academy, something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the reviewed journal articles College Canterbury dogs will eat the dog food, but only at travel writing Academy a price less than cost.
Investors always look for opportunities for value pricing—that is, markets in reviewed journal articles, which the an informative St Leonards School costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for it. Reviewed Articles. No one is dying to invest in a company when margins are skinny. Still, there is what to write in a The University of South (Navitas), money to be made in inexpensive products and services—even in commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the new venture’s opportunity focuses on the direct revenues and the costs of producing and marketing a product. That’s fine, as far as it goes.
A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the journal equation. The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the cash flow implications of pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and people? When does the business have to pay for them? How long does it take to acquire a customer? How long before the customer sends the business a check?
How much capital equipment is required to support a dollar of sales? Investors, of course, are looking for businesses in which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. The business plan needs to spell out how close to that ideal the writing powerpoint (Navitas) new venture is expected to come. Even if the answer is “not very”—and it usually is—at least the truth is articles CATS Canterbury, out there to discuss. The opportunity section of a business plan must also bring a few other issues to College, the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Articles College. Often, companies are able to create virtual pipelines that support the economically viable creation of new revenue streams. In the publishing business, for example, Inc. magazine has expanded its product line to include seminars, books, and videos about entrepreneurship. Write An Essay For Scholarship Macquarie. Similarly, building on the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for reviewed College Canterbury, electronic banking, small-business accounting, and tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and writing School on-line information services—to name just a few of its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on the subject of the new venture’s potential for journal College Canterbury, growth and expansion.
But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at their core structurally unattractive. Travel Essays. But there are others. The world of invention, for example, is fraught with danger. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from inflatable pillows for use on airplanes to automated car-parking systems. Few of these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. I’m not entirely sure why. Journal Articles College. Sometimes, the inventor refuses to spend the money required by or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the travel company.
Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the customer. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in general—need to pay attention to is the tricky business of arbitrage. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to take advantage of some pricing disparity in the marketplace. Journal Articles CATS Canterbury. MCI Communications Corporation, for instance, was formed to offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT. Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the how to Macquarie reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an reviewed journal articles College, uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and Deakin University (Navitas) potentially profitable way to reviewed CATS, enter a business. In the final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. It is not a question of how to for scholarship Macquarie University, whether, only when. The trick in these businesses is to CATS College Canterbury, use the arbitrage profits to what to write in a (Navitas), build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and when that will occur.
As for competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. Reviewed Journal College Canterbury. That is a glaring omission. For starters, every business plan should answer the writing Hebron Academy following questions about the reviewed journal CATS College Canterbury competition: Who are the new venture’s current competitors? What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to the new venture’s decision to enter the business? How can the new venture respond to its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to observe and exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by forming alliances?
Business is like chess: to be successful, you must anticipate several moves in advance. A business plan that describes an insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by naïve people. How To Write An Essay. That goes not just for the competition section of the business plan but for the entire discussion of the opportunity. All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. CATS College Canterbury. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the latter. Rather, it proves that the entrepreneurial team knows the good, the bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead.
Opportunities exist in a context. St Leonards. At one level is the College macroeconomic environment, including the writing essays Academy level of articles College Canterbury, economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates. Powerpoint Deakin University. At another level are the wide range of government rules and regulations that affect the opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Examples extend from tax policy to the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. And at yet another level are factors like technology that define the limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. In some cases, changes in some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s. The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to go to the public market for reviewed journal CATS, capital even before starting operations.
Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. The recession of the early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of University, capital raised in the public markets. (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an unattractive business into an attractive one, and vice versa. Consider the case of a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to reviewed journal, be put on the block. Then came the Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. The packaging company happened to what to write in a essay The University of South (Navitas), have an efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of reviewed articles College, weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular. Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in travel writing essays Hebron Academy, 1986 created havoc for companies in the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest.
Many previously successful operations went out of business soon after the new rules were put in place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to context. First, the entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the new venture’s context and how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Reviewed CATS College Canterbury. Second, and more important, they should demonstrate that they know the venture’s context will inevitably change and in a essay of South (Navitas) describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in articles CATS, the event the context grows unfavorable. Finally, the business plan should explain the how to write an essay Macquarie ways (if any) in which management can affect context in a positive way. For example, management might be able to have an impact on regulations or on industry standards through lobbying efforts.
The concept that context is reviewed journal CATS, fluid leads directly to the fourth leg of the framework I propose: a discussion of risk and how to write an essay for scholarship Macquarie University, manage it. I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an event in the future. That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the unknown. But the best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the people, the opportunity, and the context from multiple angles. They offer a plausible, coherent story of reviewed journal articles Canterbury, what lies ahead. What To Write Essay Of South Australia. They unfold possibilities of action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and context as a moving target. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to change over time as a company evolves from start-up to ongoing enterprise. Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to focus attention on the dynamic aspects of the entrepreneurial process.
When it comes to College Canterbury, the matter of Deakin (Navitas), risk and reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the inclusion of two graphs. Perhaps graphs is the wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the most likely relationship between risk and reviewed articles CATS College reward, that is, the relationship between the how to write for scholarship Macquarie opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of charts and prose. The first picture depicts the amount of money needed to launch the new venture, time to positive cash flow, and the expected magnitude of the reviewed journal articles CATS payoff. This image helps the investor understand the powerpoint Deakin University (Navitas) depth and duration of negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and the possible return. The ideal, needless to say, is to have cash flow early and often. CATS College Canterbury. But most investors are intrigued by the picture even when the cash outflow is how to write an essay for scholarship, high and long—as long as the cash inflow is more so. Of course, since the world of articles CATS, new ventures is populated by wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the picture to display a shallower hole and a steeper reward slope than it should. To Write In A Essay. It usually does. But to be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in CATS, the business plan because it is a fair warning to investors that the new venture’s team is what to write in a of South Australia (Navitas), completely out of touch with reality and should be avoided at all costs.
The second picture complements the first. It shows investors the range of reviewed CATS College, possible returns and the likelihood of achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of what to write of South Australia (Navitas), losing only a small amount of money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is a significant chance of earning between 15 % and 45 % in the same time period.
And finally, there is a small chance that the initial outlay of cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in Canterbury, Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the how to Macquarie business plan is reviewed CATS College Canterbury, presenting. Is the new venture drilling for North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is it digging development wells in arguments College, Texas, which happens to be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of question. It’s then up to the investors to articles College Canterbury, decide how much risk they want to live with against write an essay Bournemouth, what kind of odds. Again, the people who write business plans might be inclined to journal, skew the picture to make it look as if the probability of a significant return is downright huge and The University of South Australia the possibility of loss is negligible. Journal Articles CATS. And, again, I would say therein lies the picture’s beauty. What it claims, checked against the investor’s sense of reality and experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is hard to writing an informative essay St Leonards School, predict.
Still, it is possible to give potential investors a sense of the kind and class of risk and reward they are assuming with a new venture. All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. Reviewed Journal CATS College Canterbury. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of outcomes. It is ultimately the write Macquarie University responsibility of journal, management to change the distribution, to increase the likelihood and consequences of success, and to decrease the likelihood and Bournemouth University implications of reviewed articles College Canterbury, problems. One of the great myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to arguments College, capture all the reward and give all the risk to others.
The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Yet risk is reviewed journal CATS College Canterbury, unavoidable. So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the writing Hebron plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of people, opportunity, and context. What happens if one of the new venture’s leaders leaves?
What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is a revolution in Namibia, the reviewed articles Canterbury source of a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and powerpoint (Navitas) then provide solid answers. A new venture, for example, might be highly leveraged and therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by stating that management intends to hedge its exposure through the financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the equivalent of offering investors insurance. (It also makes sense for the business itself.) Finally, one important area in the realm of College Canterbury, risk/reward management relates to harvesting.
Venture capitalists often ask if a company is in a Australia, “IPOable,” by reviewed articles Canterbury which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to an essay for scholarship, take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the process.
How will the investor eventually get money out of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of exit options. They like companies that work hard to preserve and enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for reviewed CATS College Canterbury, example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them. Investors feel a lot better about risk if the venture’s endgame is discussed up front. There is an old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite in a is true: you had better know where you might end up and have a map for getting there. A business plan should be the place where that map is drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is written, of course, the goal is to land a deal. Articles CATS College. That is a topic for another article in St Leonards School, itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to finance their ventures, they obsess about the valuation and terms of the deal they will receive.
Their explicit goal seems to reviewed CATS, be to minimize the write dilution they will suffer in raising capital. Implicitly, they are also looking for investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about building their business. On the food chain of investors, it seems, doctors and dentists are best and CATS College Canterbury venture capitalists are worst because of the degree to which the latter group demands control and how to an essay Macquarie University a large share of the returns. That notion—like the idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense. From whom you raise capital is often more important than the terms.
New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and reviewed articles CATS College Canterbury often refuse to advance the company more money. Sophisticated investors, by contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of experience saving sinking ships. University. They are typically process literate. They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. Reviewed CATS College. They know how to recruit, compensate, and Hebron motivate team members. They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. This kind of know-how is worth the money needed to buy it. There is an reviewed journal, old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of payoff and option schemes.
That usually backfires. My experience has proven again and writing Deakin University (Navitas) again that sensible deals have the following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from reviewed journal Canterbury plan. They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. Persuasive Ardingly College. They are written on reviewed CATS College, a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick. But even these six simple rules miss an important point. A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the writing an informative School disposition of a lump sum. Instead, it is reviewed journal articles CATS, incumbent upon entrepreneurs, before they go searching for funding, to think about write fast capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out how much money they will need and when they will need it.
How is that accomplished? The trick is for the entrepreneurial team to treat the new venture as a series of experiments. Reviewed Articles Canterbury. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of it. Convene a focus group to test the product, build a prototype and writing essay watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an exercise reveals the journal articles true economics of the business and how to write can help enormously in determining how much money the reviewed journal articles CATS College new venture actually requires and in what stages. What To Write Essay The University. Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Experiments, of course, can feel expensive and risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and reviewed Canterbury help create successes. I consider it a prerequisite of putting together a winning deal. Among the many sins committed by business plan writers is arrogance. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary.
Moreover, there has never been a time in recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the supply of opportunity. Arguments. The true half-life of opportunity is decreasing with the passage of time. A business plan must not be an journal CATS, albatross that hangs around the neck of the entrepreneurial team, dragging it into oblivion. What The University Of South. Instead, a business plan must be a call for reviewed journal articles CATS Canterbury, action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to fix what is travel essays Academy, broken proactively and in real time. Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Articles CATS College Canterbury. Risk management is the an essay Macquarie University key, always tilting the venture in favor of CATS, reward and away from risk. A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from write Macquarie University identification of opportunity to harvest. It is not a way to separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the fatal flaw. For in the final analysis, the reviewed journal College only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in the golden age of entrepreneurship. How To Write An Essay. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million.
Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and Microsoft. Each of those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is no knowing for sure. But there is little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and candidly addresses the ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and the risk/reward picture—is vitally important.
In the absence of a crystal ball, in fact, a business plan built of the right information and analysis can only be called indispensable. William A. Sahlman is the journal articles CATS College Canterbury Dimitri V. D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of 1955 Professor of writing an informative essay School, Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
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america essay A fun-filled day for reviewed journal Canterbury, the entire family. God, Tyranny Liberty. Essays! -Nov 5 2002 Elections. Articles CATS Canterbury! -When War is the Agent. -Open Letter to the. Citizens of Israel. -Chairman Jt Chief of. Arguments! Staff Gen Myers Letter. ESSAY ON AMERICA. When the articles CATS College Canterbury Puritans lived in England they were persecuted for their religious beliefs. The University (Navitas)! The Church of England prohibited them from worshipping in their own way. There was no debate about the validity of the Puritan's doctrine. They were considered heretics by the absolute power and authority of the articles Canterbury Church, exercising the how to fast Bournemouth University power of the reviewed articles CATS Canterbury Status Quo.
The Church of England believed in Christianity. But was it the teaching of their founder to persecute others, lock them up and persuasive Ardingly take away their freedom simply because their beliefs were different? In this case, if they had cared to see, their own professed beliefs would have acted as a mirror to expose their hypocrisy and evil. Having the chance to resettle in America the Puritans acted. If they had stayed in England, the Church and the Government would have destroyed them because of their beliefs and because they did not have the reviewed articles CATS Canterbury support from the Academy general populace at the time. What happened to the Puritans and reviewed journal Canterbury their choice to settle in America set in motion a wave of determination so great it not only became the driving force of the development and character of American society but it also became the impetus for the spreading of human rights and democracy worldwide. Why was this force so powerful that nothing could stop it from displaying its indomitable resole in how to an essay University, the human spirit? The Church of England tried to suppress the individual in their spiritual beliefs, their private domain, the seat of life where all people inquire about their own existence. It tried to imprison their mind, the seat of judgment which is the main driving force to discern good from evil.
This triggered a chain reaction that would release the flow of individual rights, that would saturate the American psyche, thus becoming the driving force that would shape our history and become the standard of behavior to reviewed journal CATS College Canterbury, protect what is most noble in humanity. Now the seed was planted, from write an essay that time on the given right of the individual to stand up and defend himself against any force or system that would subdue his rights was set in reviewed journal articles CATS Canterbury, motion. This phenomenon where noble ideals continue to rise up even from the ashes of what to write in a essay (Navitas) our own indignities is uniquely American. The fact that we continually champion the cause for individual rights under any circumstances is what makes our struggle so important to the world's social structure and its future. As time continued, many other people came to this country, some for political reasons, some to escape prosecution and persecution, some for journal CATS College, economic reasons, and many were forced to come here and be sold as slaves. Soon many different colonies were formed containing people from all parts of the globe, but still the English maintained an oppressive social and economic grip over travel essays Academy the colonies.
The colonists were an independent lot and there was no way they accepted the reviewed journal articles Church of England or the aristocratic social structure as something they could embrace. This became apparent in the War of Independence, which produced documents such as the Declaration of Independence and eventually the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. These would confirm that the foundation of the country was the focus on individual freedom. This was a far cry from a monarch and aristocracy where the people were neither empowered by charter or even given the right to hold their own leaders accountable for their actions. Through this struggle a government was formed by writing powerpoint Deakin University (Navitas) the people and for the people where the leaders would be directly accountable to reviewed articles CATS College, its citizens. Jefferson stated in the past people were never empowered to censure or punish their leaders and those that would even raise their voice in protest were considered traitors. This right is of central importance because it truly defines the core of our social and ethical system, which had set us apart from the rest of the world. The Constitution provided the writing an informative separation of Church and State. Now the government became the blanket under which all people could have their own beliefs, the freedom to CATS College, speak out without fear of backlash from any group, religious institution or the an informative government itself. The government was structured to protect and defend the rights of all the people. Thus it became the model that influenced thinking so deeply, that it would give rise to the movement of enlightened structures in both the secular and religious realm in the twenty first century.
This is in direct concurrence with the spirit and teachings of great religious leaders where the integrity of the individual is to be cherished and protected. These founding documents would be the College Canterbury foundation for the rights of each individual and would be the how to an essay for scholarship building blocks of a new emerging civilization where the people are empowered to journal College, keep those who are in positions of authority in check, in other words, to writing an informative essay St Leonards School, keep the articles CATS Canterbury status quo in check. Even though these documents were founded to protect the rights of the individual there was still slavery. These Americans of African descent were considered 3/5 human. Now the Church in America became hypocritical. Not only did their own religious doctrines mirror their hypocrisy, but the Bill of Rights exposed their evil. They had condoned and even protected the idea of slavery. But the force of individual rights and the integrity of individuals continued to drive forward and now that it was written into our sacred founding documents, such hypocrisy could not last. With the appearance of Lincoln the status quo was challenged again and an institution that had supported social injustice was challenged by the integrity of the Bill of Rights. With that established, the indignity of slavery gave birth to the Emancipation Proclamation. Again the status quo was put in check by our sacred doctrines and an informative essay School the people who chose to speak out, protect and honor them.
The gap between the doctrines of the people and their actions now became smaller. Amazingly, this driving force keeps moving forward like a raging current that has only one purpose: to reviewed journal, wash away all that is travel writing Hebron, evil and perverse. Throughout the twentieth century this force continued to journal articles CATS College Canterbury, gather momentum, drawing into how to an essay, its vortex all manner of movements: women's rights, civil rights, worker's rights - the list goes on, the reviewed journal articles CATS College Canterbury roar gets louder! The strength of the people to rise to the occasion when justice is thwarted continues. Now the seed planted over travel essays two hundred years ago honoring the integrity of life and the individual, acts as the College Canterbury flag for our invincible fortress, a fortress that eternally protects all humanity from the what to write essay (Navitas) advancement of tyranny and terrorism. This ideal alone is what directs our destiny and defines us as Americans. America remains the great enigma to reviewed journal articles CATS, the rest of the world. How can a country that is so young give birth to a process that is how to write for scholarship, so profound and so advanced?
The answer lies in the fact that all countries in the world throughout history except America are homogenous where the system's main stress had been on the group, not the individual. Within these systems many individuals have had to sacrifice themselves to save the group or save face of the community even at reviewed articles Canterbury, the expense of their own integrity. An individual in those systems rarely questions authority and in the rare cases that it happens, the person finds himself cut off or ostracized from the community where the social trends acquiescing to Ardingly, authority is the only acceptable behavior to keep the society unified and in harmony. But America emphasizes the development of a strong, outspoken individual as the makeup of the group and nation, who would willingly, if necessary, give their lives to protect the integrity of the College individual and their freedom first and foremost. We do not keep silent or acquiesce or sacrifice our lives and dignity to support any people or group that would trample on the rights of the individual, claiming to preserve and protect our nation. In this land, no group or authority can ever silence the people from speaking out for change or standing up against injustice to the people. This process will never cease. Only you can have the choice to exercise this right and etch your life in how to for scholarship Macquarie University, glorious victory for reviewed articles CATS Canterbury, all the people. This is your choice, your privilege and your responsibility as free people.
America knows how to put the status quo in check. This is our nature. It is in our blood. It is what keeps our hearts pure. We have taken the how to an essay fast Bournemouth University bold step to honor the enlightenment and the development of the individual as the key building block to a new global civilization. CHECK FOR FREQUENT UPDATES. VICTORIOUS AMERICA WEB SITE LAUNCHED JULY 4TH, 2000. Entire contents: Copyright © 1998-2004 Stan Zir. All rights reserved.
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chest cover letter All manuscripts submitted to CHEST should be prepared in accordance with our instructions to authors, which reflect the latest ICMJE Recommendations for reviewed journal Canterbury, the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of writing an informative Scholarly Work in Medical Journals of the International Committee of articles Canterbury Medical Journal Editors. After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum. For efficacy data: Dr. XYZ has personally reviewed the efficacy data, understands the statistical methods employed for efficacy analysis, and confirms an how to write fast Bournemouth University understanding of this analysis, that the methods are clearly described and that they are a fair way to report the results. For safety data: Dr. XYZ has personally reviewed the safety data. (S)he understands the statistical methods employed for safety analysis and confirms that (s)he understands this analysis, that the methods are clearly described, and that they are a fair way to report the results. Furthermore, (s)he has personally reviewed the Serious Adverse Events occurring in = 0.1% of participants per treatment group and confirms that these are fairly disclosed and reviewed analyzed even in the presence of uncertainty with respect to relationship to treatment. For study design: Dr. XYZ confirms that the study objectives and an informative essay St Leonards School procedures are honestly disclosed. Moreover, (s)he has reviewed study execution data and confirms that procedures were followed to an extent that convinces all authors that the CATS College, results are valid and generalizable to essay St Leonards School, a population similar to reviewed articles CATS, that enrolled in this study.
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In addition to scientific merit, the Editor in Chief reserves the right to evaluate papers without external peer review. Effort is made to complete the review process in a timely manner. GENERAL MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION. Manuscript file (uploaded as “Main Document”), inclusive of: Supplemental material files for travel writing Hebron Academy, online only publication (upload as “Online Content Only”) Permissions for republication or survey use (where applicable, upload as “Supplemental File”) Patient consent for publication (where applicable, upload as “Supplemental File”) Clinical Trial Registration (registrar, website, and registration number), where applicable. The sections should briefly describe, respectively, the problem being addressed in the study, how the study was performed (including numbers of patients or laboratory subjects), the significant results, and what the authors conclude from the results. For all other manuscript types requiring abstracts, CHEST requires a narrative (unstructured) abstract.
More information is available in Guidance for Specific Article Types. Author contributions should define the individual contributions each author made to the development of the manuscript and should include at minimum the three criteria required for Authorship as defined by CHEST (required for Original Research ). If several authors made the same type of contributions, it is acceptable to combine them. An example author contribution line is: MLM had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis, including and especially any adverse effects. MLM, MT, NAW, DRG, VAD, and EG contributed substantially to journal Canterbury, the study design, data analysis and interpretation, and the writing of the manuscript. Financial/nonfinancial disclosures should match those provided on what of South the title page. Role of the sponsors should detail what input or contributions, if any, were provided by the funding sources in the development of the journal articles Canterbury, research and manuscript. Audioslides (Content Innovation)
Radiologic or other diagnostic examination figures or other diagnostic testing figures should have all patient-related numbering (including test date or medical record numbers) or wording removed prior to submission. Virtual Microscope (Content Innovations) 3D Radiological Data (Content Innovations) Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in how to for scholarship University, a concise, pictorial form designed to College, capture the attention of a wide readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in an informative St Leonards, the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Journal Articles College Canterbury? Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files.
You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site. Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration Services to College, ensure the best presentation of their images and in accordance with all technical requirements. Title of article (sentence case, no quotation marks) Publication source (italicized), when referring to a journal, the reviewed articles CATS, journal name should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus. No spaces should be used from the year of writing powerpoint Deakin publication through the final page number. References to published abstracts may be included but must be noted as such. Please note that no periods should be used after authors’ initials or after journal abbreviations; however, periods should be inserted after the publication name and at the end of each reference. Reviewed Journal Articles? Examples of an informative commonly used reference types are noted below.
Sillen MJH, Speksnijder CM, Eterman R-MA, et al. Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation of muscles of articles CATS College Canterbury ambulation in patients with chronic heart failure: a systematic review of the write fast Bournemouth, English-language literature. Chest. 2009;136(1):44-61. Annane D, Sebille V, Charpentier C, et al. Effect of treatment with low doses of reviewed College Canterbury hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone on mortality in what to write in a essay The University of South (Navitas), patients with septic shock. Reviewed Journal College? JAMA. In press. doi:10.1001/jama.288.7.862. Shields TW, LoCicero J III, Reed CE, Feins RH.
General Thoracic Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams Wilkins; 2009:200-232. Stone AC, Klinger JR. The right ventricle in pulmonary hypertension. In: Hill NS, Farber HW, eds. Pulmonary Hypertension . Writing Powerpoint Deakin? New York, NY: Humana Press; 2008:93-126. Garg N, Garg G, Christensen G, Singh A. Acute coronary syndrome caused by reviewed College coronary artery mycotic aneurysm due to methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus [abstract]. Chest. 2008;134(suppl):1001S. For assistance in formatting other types of references, please refer to travel Hebron, the American Medical Association Manual of reviewed journal articles College Style . 1.
References: JAMA and Archives Journals. American Medical Association Manual of how to an essay for scholarship University Style: a guide for authors and editors. 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. The same standards for ethics, copyright, permissions, and publication quality for the full-text article apply to all supplemental material. Tables and figures for reviewed articles Canterbury, the main article should be integrated with the main manuscript. The inclusion of University a single table and/or figure as supplemental material is not acceptable; that element should be integrated into the text. Reviewed Journal CATS College Canterbury? References in supplemental material should be numbered consecutively beginning with 1; if a reference appears in the main article, it must also be included in essays Hebron, the supplemental material and will likely have a different reference number. Supplemental material should be thought of distinctly in this regard. If any of the material included as supplemental material has been previously published, the authors are responsible for obtaining the required permissions and attributing the source material.
Appendices will no longer appear in CHEST articles, but may be included as supplemental material, labeled e-Appendix. Lists of study participants, multicenter institutional review board data, and the like are appropriate for e-Appendices. Each component of the supplemental material should be numbered and cited in consecutive order in journal articles CATS College, the text of the arguments Ardingly College, article. Authors should not intersperse supplemental material consecutively with material for articles CATS Canterbury, the print edition. The following convention should be used for labeling and numbering material: e-Table: number as e-Table 1, e-Table 2, etc. Example: The distribution of missed bronchoscopy skills data points across centers and bronchoscopy milestones are depicted in e-Figure 1. The manuscript title, author list, and heading “Supplemental Material” should be included at travel writing Hebron Academy the beginning of reviewed journal College each file. The following formats can be uploaded as “Online Content Only” in ScholarOne Manuscripts: Video: Quicktime (.mov), Windows media (.wmv), Audio Video Interleave (.avi), animated GIF (.gif), .mpeg, and .mp4. All movie clips should be provided at the desired size and length (10 MB or 5 min maximum). Before submitting, authors should verify that clips are viewable in College, Quicktime or Windows Media Player. In addition, a brief text description should be provided in CATS Canterbury, a word processing document explaining the video.
Authors are encouraged to supply a still image of the Academy, video file for inclusion as reference in the print version of the article. Permissions for any republished tables should be noted in the legend. See References for guidance on how to number and cite references that 1) appear only in tables or 2) are first cited in tables that are called out journal College Canterbury, before other references. Tables used to describe or compare literature should include a column with the following information from the source publication: lead author last name, year of publication, and a numbered citation that corresponds to to write in a The University of South Australia (Navitas), the full reference in the manuscript reference list. No more than 8 subheadings per article (in addition to headings such as Methods, Results, Discussion). Each subheading can consist of only reviewed journal 5 words, including words such as a, an, the, and, and. Subheadings should be explanatory, but there is no need to repeat the title in every heading. Interdisciplinary Collaboration | Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Health-Care Delivery | Implementing Collaborative Models | Our Story | New Philosophy and Model | Building Blocks | Outcomes. The Guidance for arguments College, Specific Article Types section provides more detail on how to format the text. GUIDANCE FOR SPECIFIC ARTICLE TYPES. a These article types are solicited, but authors with ideas for topics are encouraged to journal College, contact CHEST with their proposal via the Contact Us form.
b Original Research articles must have a structured abstract. c Consensus Statements must also be submitted with an executive summary. d Text word counts exclude abstract, references, figure legends, and tables. e For case reports or commentaries follow instructions for those sections. Ahead of the Curve papers serve to fast University, provide glimpses into research that may, in coming years, impact clinicians. They will be published inthe Commentary Section, under the subtopic of Ahead of the Curve. Topics in reviewed articles CATS Canterbury, this section are developed and write an essay fast Bournemouth invited by the CHEST Section Editors and Editor in Chief.
Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. Case Reports/Series (Selected Reports) (Online only) Case reports for CHEST are meant to journal CATS College Canterbury, describe a new entity, mechanism, or presentation of a disease state. All submissions to essays Hebron, this section must be novel and/or unique. Any manuscripts submitted for publication should provide new insights for journal CATS College Canterbury, clinicians.
In addition to standard case reports and case series, CHEST will also consider: Case reports do not need institutional review board approval, but authors must preserve patient privacy and follow the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act or national equivalent rules in to write in a essay of South Australia (Navitas), writing up the case. On acceptance, CHEST will require submission of written patient permission for journal College, publication. Essays Hebron Academy? It is acceptable to submit case reports to reviewed College, CHEST that have been presented at how to write Bournemouth University meetings and congresses. Reviewed Articles CATS College? This information should be disclosed on the title page and provided in the references. Chest Imaging and Pathology for Clinicians (Online Only) Chest Imaging and Pathology for Clinicians is writing essays, designed to aid readers in mastering the fundamentals of interpretation and ordering of chest imaging modalities, CHEST publishes case-based articles with characteristic chest imaging and journal College related pathology. Ardingly? Pathology must be included in all cases submitted. Selection of images should reflect state-of-the-art image quality. Pictures of plain chest radiographs and CT scans taken with a digital camera will not be accepted. CATS College Canterbury? For example, cases of interstitial lung disease must be imaged with high-resolution CT techniques.
Similarly, CT or MR studies related to vascular disease must be performed with contrast enhancement. Cases illustrating advanced imaging techniques such as volumetric rendered images, or virtual endoscopy are also welcome, provided that these techniques prove critical to radiologic diagnosis. The format for this series is very important. Authors are encouraged to read the following instructions carefully: Title , should include a short summary of the presenting feature, but not the persuasive arguments Ardingly College, diagnosis (ie, Dyspnea with slow-growing mass of the left hemithorax) What is the diagnosis? Alternative questions may also be included (ie, What study should be conducted next?) in addition to the diagnosis question. CHEST Guidelines are generated by the American College of Chest Physicians under a well-defined development process. Committees will work closely with the Section Editor of Guidelines and Consensus Statements and the Editor in journal articles College Canterbury, Chief of CHEST in how to write University, developing guideline articles intended for submission to reviewed, CHEST . Other organizations are discouraged from submitting guidelines to CHEST . If the authors strongly believe that CHEST is the proper forum for what to write essay of South Australia (Navitas), publishing these types of papers, authors should: Review the existing CHEST Guidelines to ensure there is no overlap; Contact the reviewed journal College Canterbury, Editor in Chief of CHEST before embarking on such projects; and.
Commentaries are solicited manuscripts that promote a specific point of what to write essay The University of South Australia view. CHEST will consider unsolicited commentary submissions, but authors must be aware that at reviewed journal any given time CHEST also has a long list of pending invited topics. Authors are encouraged to contact CHEST with a proposal on the topic prior to writing or submitting any commentaries. Consensus Statements are developed by the American College of Chest Physicians and follow a detailed development process. See CHEST Guidelines above. NEW: Title , should begin with the writing School, topic name followed by a colon and the term CHEST Guidelines. Contemporary Reviews in Critical Care Medicine and Contemporary Reviews in Sleep Medicine. The purpose of the Contemporary Reviews in Sleep Medicine and Critical Care sections is to publish concise reviews on reviewed articles CATS Canterbury important topics in medicine. These are to writing essays Hebron, be state-of-the-art reviews, not exhaustive dissertations. Reviewed Articles College Canterbury? There should be a summary of the field as well as a discussion of the how to write, most recent advances in the text, and if justifiable, a summary table that lists management advances based upon articles randomized controlled clinical trials. Topics in this section are developed and invited by the CHEST Section Editors and writing an informative Editor in Chief.
Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. The correspondence section is primarily intended for the clarification and edification of articles published in CHEST . While letters that describe research in reviewed journal CATS College, preliminary terms and announcements of what of South Australia general interest are uncommonly published as letters. It is up to the discretion of the Editor in Chief whether any Correspondence is sent for external peer review and whether to accept any letter for publication. Commenting on Recent Articles. General Interest and Announcements.
Foote MA. Comments on writing letters to reviewed CATS College Canterbury, the editor: moving from duels and fencing to belles lettres. How To? Chest. 2010;138(1):228-230. Editorials are invited by the Editor in Chief. To request a correction to a published article, authors should contact CHEST, providing details of the articles CATS College Canterbury, error, including the complete article citation, location of the error and corrected text.
CHEST will publish corrections in what to write essay of South Australia, the next available issue and will link the reviewed journal articles, correction to the original article. Topics in this section are developed and invited by the CHEST Section Editors and an essay Bournemouth University Editor in Chief. Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) In addition to following CONSORT, CHEST requires investigators to register their clinical trials in reviewed journal articles CATS College Canterbury, an approved public trials registry.
Approved public trials registries are those that meet the criteria established by an essay powerpoint Deakin University the World Health Organization (WHO). To register a trial, authors must submit the details directly to any one of the WHO primary registries. CHEST reserves the right to reject papers if it deems the disclosure at the registry to be incomplete. An IRB statement is reviewed articles CATS College Canterbury, not a substitute for an approved clinical trial registration. Purely observational studies (those in St Leonards School, which the assignment of the CATS College, medical intervention is not at the discretion of the investigator) do not require registration.
Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. Studies based on surveys or questionnaires should report on writing an informative data that have been collected within two years of submission, include supporting reliability and validity data, and have response rates of at least 60%. All survey-based studies should describe the method used to achieve the response rate (eg, Dillman's tailored design method) and should provide a convincing rationale for why lower response rates provide important and generalizable information. Surveys with a response rate of less than 60% may be rejected. Nonrespondents should be characterized well enough to allow for assessment of potential for nonresponse. Authors are encouraged to report outcome rates for most surveys using standardized definitions and journal articles CATS College Canterbury metrics (eg, those proposed by how to an essay University the American Association for Public Opinion Research. This information must be detailed in the methods section. Matching Language to Level of Evidence.
Submissions to the Pectoriloquy Section should be sent via e-mail to email@example.com for review and preliminary acceptance by the Section Editor, Michael Zack, MD, FCCP. Authors of poems that Dr. Zack has approved will be asked to submit the final version to articles CATS, ScholarOne Manuscripts. Authors will be required to complete an Author Agreement form transferring copyright to CHEST . They will also be asked to provide two or three sentences about how to fast University themselves and about their poem. Final acceptance for reviewed articles CATS, publication rests with the Editor in Chief. All poems published in CHEST are free online, with PDF versions available for downloading.
Point/Counterpoint Editorials are invited by the Editor in Chief. Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Pearls. Manuscripts for this section are designed to present a case, pose a question, provide the answer, and persuasive College summarize the main teaching points as Pearls. Title, should include a short summary of the presenting feature, but not the diagnosis. Figures are only journal CATS needed for the case presentation.
In discussing figures in the case report, simply refer to writing Academy, their presence when the reviewed journal CATS, findings are sufficiently obvious to challenge the fast University, reader. If the finding is subtle and difficult to detect, the abnormality can be described in the case report, but in describing the figure do not provide the articles College, diagnosis or the answer to the question you will pose in the manuscript. When not mentioned in the case report, the abnormality in the figure should be discussed in the body of the discussion on the following page when referring in general to how to write an essay for scholarship Macquarie, the condition and in the section on clinical course when providing follow-up for the patient presented. Sample: Kyle R. Brownback, MD; Michael S. Crosser, MD; Steven Q. Simpson, MD. A 49-Year-Old Man With Chest Pain and Fever After Returning From France.
Chest. 141(6):1618-1621. Recent Advances in Chest Medicine. Recent Advances in Chest Medicine are state-of-the-art concise reviews intended to frame a topic and focus on the new developments in this field in the past 2 to reviewed journal articles CATS Canterbury, 4 years. The audience is intended to be clinicians and clinician-scientists, with emphasis on information that will inform practice. Topics in this section are developed and an essay for scholarship invited by articles College the CHEST Section Editors and Editor in College, Chief.
Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. In cases in which one of the above situations arises, authors are required to contact CHEST to explain the situation. Similarly, if CHEST learns of scientific misconduct and believes that an article must be retracted, the Editorial Office will contact all authors. Published retractions will take the form of a letter, signed by reviewed articles CATS all authors of the original work. The title of the letter will be Notice of Retraction of… followed by the full title of the original publication. The letter will include the details on why the article is writing, being retracted and will include the CATS, full publication information of the original article both in a parenthetical notation and an essay fast Bournemouth University as a reference. Prior to publication, all authors will be required to submit the Author Agreement and articles College Canterbury Conflict of Interest Disclosure form. All retractions will be indexed in PubMed and attached to the original article citation. Special Features are solicited reviews that do not fit well into other categories. Travel Writing Hebron? NOTE: Systematic reviews should be submitted as Original Research . Reviewed Journal Articles CATS College Canterbury? CHEST will consider unsolicited Special Feature submissions, but authors must be aware that at any given time CHEST also has a long list of pending invited topics. Authors are encouraged to contact CHEST with a proposal on the topic prior to the writing or submission of St Leonards any Special Feature articles.
Supplement Issue Proposals. Reprints Bulk Orders: Single article reprints, e-prints, and bulk orders will be available on publication. To submit a supplement proposal, contact CHEST. Topics in Practice Management. The general concept of Topics in Practice Management is to create a short focused article, combining a brief review of a clinical topic with a practice management perspective.
References in this section should include or even emphasize available website information from CMS, local Medicare contractors, and even the American College of Chest Physicians or other professional society websites if applicable. Topics in this section are developed and invited by journal articles College the CHEST Section Editors and Editor in Chief. Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to writing an informative essay School, contact CHEST. Training, Education, and reviewed articles CATS College Career Hub (TEaCH) Training, Education, and Career Hub papers focus on topics of essays Hebron interest to medical educators and trainees. Topics included focus on the process of educating pulmonary and journal CATS College Canterbury critical care trainees, educational research in pulmonary and critical care, mentorship and mentoring, and what to write The University of South (Navitas) career pathways within the field. While unsolicited articles and medical education research are encouraged, many of the topics in College, this section are developed and invited by writing Hebron Academy the CHEST Section Editors and Editor in Chief.
Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST . Translating Basic Research Into Clinical Practice. The purpose of Translating Basic Research into reviewed journal, Clinical Practice is to publish short articles that present advances in basic research that are likely to be relevant to to write essay The University of South (Navitas), clinical practice in the respiratory field. Articles are to explain why this advance is (or will become) important to reviewed journal articles Canterbury, know about and how to fast Bournemouth University how it may impact the management of respiratory disease in the future. Topics in reviewed articles CATS College, this section are developed and how to write an essay fast Bournemouth University invited by the CHEST Section Editors and Editor in Chief. Authors with suggestions for a topic are encouraged to contact CHEST. a Video clips may be combined as needed.
b Authors should combine all needed video clips for each step into a single video file, using software such as Windows MovieMaker or Apple Final Cut Pro. For short ultrasound readings (eg, 2 or 3 seconds), authors should either loop the frames or copy the sequences several times so that viewers have a chance to absorb what they are seeing. Home About About Careers Elsevier Connect Information for Authors Editors Librarians Reviewers Store Books and Journals Author Webshop Solutions RD Solutions Research Intelligence Clinical Solutions Education Solutions Research Platforms All Solutions Support Center. How can we help? How can we help?
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